Spray Monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1 ml/lit of water. Pralinage is done with 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G granules per sucker. April – May (lower Palani hills), June – August (Sirumalai) are the suitable seasons for cultivating hill banana. Sow Sunhemp on 45th day; incorporate it after about a month.This operation reduces nematode build up. It bears heavy bunches (20-25 kg) without propping in 14-15 months. Internationally acceptable both as fresh fruit and in processed form. Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. (Dip the corm in slurry solution containing 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control nematodes). It is threatened by banana bunchy top virus aggravated by perennial system of Give four forkings in January, April, July and October. Nematodes predispose the pathogen, paring and paralinage with carbofuran 40g / rhizome and 10 g of. Karpuravalli is a tall, robust plant well suited to marginal lands and soils  produced under low input conditions. Banana is one of the healthiest fruits on earth and for this reason is popular worldwide. Apply 200:30:300 g N: P2O5 : K2O / plant using water soluble fertilizers along with 25 litres of water/day. The Nanjangud rasabale, which has unique characteristics, is identified by its distinct aroma when it ripens fully. The government said it was carrying out the repairs quickly to restore power lines. The plant stature is dwarf, making it less prone to wind damage. Njalipoovan is a popular shade‐loving tolerant variety that has a great demand among consumers due to its superior fruit quality and it is a delicious variety. Rasam - here refers to the sweetness. It is also called as Gold finger and high yielding hybrids which replace Pachananda and Bluggoe varieties. In Tamil Nadu's Villupuram district, police said the fallen trees have been removed to ease the flow of traffic. Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. It is a popular variety in Tamil Nadu especially for its cooling effects in hot tracts in summer. Plant is hardy, tall, robust, bunch weight varies from 30-35 kg. “According to the climatic conditions in each area, the taste of the plantain also differs. Clean the jungle and construct contour stone walls before planting. Panama Disease It is generally cultivated as a perennial crop. A new banana plantation Climate for Banana Cultivation. It is commercially cultivated under low input conditions owing to its tolerance to drought, salt and nematodes. Fruit size ranges from 10 to 20 cm in length. The fruit is widely available in South India. Hill Banana Pulp - sweet and juicy, firm, pleasant flavour. A major characteristic of the fruit is its long shelf life, as it survives for around a fortnight after its starts ripening. Fruits eaten ripe and raw, or used as vegetable in the mature unripe condition. It is a fairly tall and robust plant weighing a bunch of 18-20 kg. Lady Finger banana (Sugar banana) Pisang jari buaya (Crocodile fingers banana) Señorita banana (Monkoy, Arnibal banana, Cuarenta dias, Cariñosa, Pisang Empat Puluh Hari, Pisang Lampung) Sinwobogi banana; AAA Group. It is one of the most important banana varieties in Philippine cuisine. Average 100  Fruits - small, slender, pronounced tip, peel red colour. Demerits are its susceptibility to panama wilt, formation of hard lump in pulp and easy dropping of fruits from the bunch. Yet Tamil Nadu is the leading producer of Poovan varieties of banana. In India, banana is very popular fruit so all the people both the rich and the poor were consumed banana. Thrips and Lace wing bugs The National Agro Foundation (NAF) and the Tamilnadu Banana Producers Company Limited (TBCL), along with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, … Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. After forming semicircular basins on uphill side, apply 375 g of 40:30:40 NPK mixture, plus 130 g muriate of potash per clump per application during October, January and April. Plant – medium sized, stem dark purple with greenish tinge. Fruits turn yellowish green upon ripening with cream coloured pulp having Red Banana, Manoranjitham (Santhana vazhai) and Ladan are also cultivated in hills. Bunch 20-25 kg, over 100 fruits under good management practices. midrib. The male bud is also used for culinary purpose, Suitable for entire state. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) and the Tamilnadu Banana Producers Company Limited (TBCL), along with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, … (CC BY-SA 4.0). Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. One deep spade digging is essential. Growth regulators Plant resembles that of red banana with red coloured pseudostem, petiole and Bunch 8-9 compact hands, 13-14 fingers per hand, 100 to 120 fruits per bunch. Different banana varieties play a significant role in the daily life of the people in this South Indian state. Thiruvananthapuram hosted the National Banana Festival on Sunday, in which over 150 varieties of the state’s favourite fruit were displayed. Lady's Finger Bananas. Spray any one of the following systemic insecticides to control it. One deep digging may be given during January – February. The sprays may be directed towards crown and pseudostem base upto ground level at 21 days interval atleast thrice. Bunch has five to seven hands and the Fruits are yellowish green throughout their development, but turn pale yellow to golden yellow after ripening. Premium variety grown in the lower Palani hills of Kodaikanal range in Tamil Nadu. Culinary varieties like Monthan, Batheesa, Kanchekela, Nendrapadathy are the best varieties grown well in Rain fed crop, The best time for planting in karnataka is by the end of the june. Varieties: Following are the major banana varieties grown in India. Plant tall (4 to 4.5m height), stem - yellowish green with brownish blotches, reddish margins of petiole and leaf sheath. Ice Cream Banana Tree: The other name of this cold tolerable banana tree name is the ice cream … Exceedingly sweet but poor fruit keeping quality. The best time for planting in Irrigated crop is August to September. Remove affected leaves and burn. This will also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. Rasam + Kathali = Rasthaali…means Sweet Banana. Murugan idli and Idli factory are two of the most popular idli joints in the capital city. The only difference is that in the Sirumalai type, pulp is not as dry, but is juicier to sweeter and richer in flower. Each bunch will be having 10 to 12 hands with 175 to 225 fruits. This is the main reason the Tamils did not go with banana cultivation. Fruits are angular, thick skinned and are loosely arranged on the female axis. Plant 3 suckers / pit at a spacing of 1.8 x 3.6m (4600 plants/ha) for Cavendish varieties and 2 m x 3 m for Nendran (5000 plants/ha). It is known for its good keeping quality and non detaching nature of fruit  from the bunch making it suitable for long transportation. Normally one bunch of fruit with 5-8 clusters, maximum of 85 fruits, weighing 7 - 9 kg. Irrigate the fields copiously after every manure application. Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. Well drained loamy soils are suitable for banana cultivation. It is a semi-tall variety, grown mostly in Tamil Nadu and some parts of Karnataka for table purpose. It is one of the sought after and tasty varieties of bananas. Alkaline and saline soils should be avoided. Vayal vazhai of Tanjore, Mey Vannan of Kongad, Naattu vazhai of Pannaikkadu. The banana is exported from India to other countries. Alternatively, dip the corm with 0.75% Monocrotophos, shade dry for atleast 24 hours and plant. Spray micronutrients viz., ZnSO4 (0.5%), FeSO4 (0.2%), CuSO4 (0.2%) and H3BO3 (0.1%) and 3, 5 and 7 MAP to increase yield and quality of banana. Use ‘Banana Injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Crop duration 18 months. West Bengal-Champa, Mortman , Dwarf Cavendish, Giant Governor, Kanthali, Singapuri There are fuzzy bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink; green-and-white striped bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when cooked, taste like strawberries. Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. 430+ Varieties of Bananas: Kerala Man’s 3-Acre Farm Bears Harvest Worth Over a Lakh. Garden land Average weight of bunch ranges from 15-20 kg  with short, stout, dark green Poovan like fruits which are arranged compactly. Post harvest dipping of fruits in Carbendazim 400 ppm, or Benomyl 1000 ppm. Fruits remain as starchy even on ripening.Â. Currently, Tamil Nadu has about 2.12 lakh acres of banana cultivation, data showed. The best time for planting in Padugai lands are January to Febraury and August to September.      Â. Rasakadali (Jnali Poovan) – Lady Finger Banana. Triploid Musa acuminata, both wild banana plants and cultivars Cavendish Subgroup 'Dwarf Cavendish' 'Giant Cavendish' ('Williams') Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. Different types of Banana and their benefits, வாழைப்பழத்தின் வகைகளும் அத பயன்களும்! General recommendations for garden land, wetland banana and hill bananas. It takes only 3-4 years to produce fruits, with an oil content of around 66-68 %. It is a medium tall plant, supporting 14-16 kg bunch without propping. * For Tissue culture banana, apply 50% extra fertilizers at 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th month after planting. Dudhsaga(highly resistant to major pests and diseases) are the varieties grown well. Nendran and Robusta can be cultivated during April – May. Premium variety grown in the lower Palani hills of Kodaikanal range in Tamil Nadu. Also cultivated for production of leaves. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Varies from Rasthali only in that there are no male flowers so that the whole axis is covered with fruits. Apart from its culinary purpose, pith is highly relished vegetable with lot of medicinal properties. Bunch weight 20 - 25kg, 12 hands, 150 or more fruits. Poovan, Rasthali, Monthan, Karpooravalli and Neypoovan can be cultivated during February – April. Immediately, a gelatin capsule containing 60 mg of Carbendazim or 3 ml of 2 % Carbendazim solution or capsule application for 50 mg of Pseudomonas fluorescens is injected into the hole with the help of ‘corm injector’ on 2nd, 4th and 6th month after planting. Fruits are slightly acidic with pleasant sweet-sour aroma. Karpuravalli is occasionally seeded depending upon the seasonal variability. Main banana growing states are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It has superior growth, yield and quality pararmeters than Pachanadan. Spray Methyl demeton 20 EC @ 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1 ml/lit or Phosphamidon 40 SL @ 2ml/lit. Suitable for growing as intercrop in .coconut gardens. Poovan: It is the most important commercial variety in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. It can also be raised for leaf production. It is a high yielding and produces bunch of large size with well developed fruits. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf and the bunch with leaves to avoid sunscald. Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow on  ripening. Immune to Banana Bunchy Top viral diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. Fruits strongly attached to pedicel even on ripening. Banana is available all round the year, is affordable, nutritious, tasty and also has medicinal value, which makes it one of the most demanding fruit. It is one of the famous dwarf varieties of coconut in India, suitable for cultivation in southern states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. It falls on the 14th of January, 2017. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. It is generally used as dessert and as an offering to Gods in Hindu Temples. It is ideal cultivar for wind prone areas. Plant - stout, vigorous and tall with large leaves, stem light green with purplish tinge. The average bunch weight with 6-7 hands and with about 13 fruits per hand is about 15 - 25 kg. Fruits - large, skin medium thick, ripe fruits drop off easily, fruits - green to dull yellow, pulp - sweet, juicy, agreeable flower, better keeping quality than Dwarf Cavendish. The plant collapses and topples in 3 – 5 days. It is one of the oldest cultivated plants. Robusta variety has … Yet Tamil Nadu is the leading producer of Poovan varieties of banana. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. Dark green fruits turn golden yellow with a very good keeping quality. Chennai is a hub of traditional and new age idli shops that sells the good old dish nonstop. In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. In India, it is the second important fruit crop after mango. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Susceptible to leaf spot, corm weevil, rhizome rot and mosaic diseases. Tamil Nadu. Performs well under light soils with high inputs. The rind is thick and green with whitish pulp. Most of Banana is grown by planting suckers. Karpuravalli is highly susceptible to wilt disease, tolerant to leaf spot disease and well suited for drought and salt affected areas. Unripe fruits turn bright yellow upon ripening, pulp is ivory white in colour. The bunch size, fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. The technology development in agriculture is very fast, it results in developing a Tissue Culture Technique. The average bunch weight is about 12 kg with about 150 fruits/bunch. Fruits - large, long curved, peel - thick, green, greenish colour retained to some extent even after ripening. Use transparent polyethylene sleeves with 2% (during cool season) - 4% (during summer season) ventilation to cover the bunch immediately after opening of the last hand. I am from Kadappa district. (ரஸ்தாளி ). In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. Hill areas Price : Get Quote Style : Fresh Maturity : 11-12 Weeks Taste : Naturally Sweet Feature : Best For health Color : Green Cultivation Type : Organic Regarded as a respected yellow banana exporter in Tamil Nadu, we put the best of our efforts in optimizing the level of client satisfaction. Do not dump infected materials in the manure pit. Monthan, Vayal vazhai, Ash Monthan and Chakkia are cultivated for culinary purpose. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. Banana Varieties Dwarf Cavendish (AAA) : It is a popular commercial cultivar grown extensively for table and processing purpose in the states Maharashtra, Gujarat, Bihar and West Bengal. Fruit has a poor keeping quality leading to a quick breakdown of pulp after ripening, hence not suited for long distance transportation. Intercropping:Leguminousvegetables, Beetroot, ElephantfootyamandSunhemp.Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. It is highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease. International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the … 9. Dark green fruits turn bright yellow upon ripening depending on ripening conditions. But it is highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Viral (BBMV) disease and Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. Bunches attain maturity from 100 to 150 days after flowering depending on variety, soil, weather condition and elevation. Ney Poovan is the choicest diploid cultivar, which is under commercial mono It is a very common variety grown in Kerala. Its tolerance to sodicity has been a boon to saline sodic soils of India. The Sirumalai type grown in the Sirumalai Hills is considered to be an ecotype of Virupakshi. One deep digging may be given during January – February. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and borers. The hands are graded based on the number and size of fingers in each hand. The skin can be removed easily with some rags sticking to the pulp, revealing a light orange to orange pulp. Leguminous vegetables, beetroot, elephant foot yam and sunhemp can be grown as intercrops. The fruit is also characterised by its medium size and gall formation in the pulp. ABB: 4: All AAA Clone are susceptible to? Irrigation Fibre from pseudostem and peduncle of four commercial cultivars of Tamil Nadu viz., Grand Naine, Poovan, Monthan and Nendran were extracted using banana fibre extraction machine. In the field, Panama wilt disease can be prevented by corm injection methods. Elongated fruits turn attractive golden yellow on ripening. Pulp - orange yellow, juicy,sweet, moderate but distinct flavour. The plants are medium-sized with slender, yellowish pseudostem having reddish petiole margin.Â. Nendran and Robusta are the best varieties grown well at the time of April to May. Spray Phosphamidon 1 ml/lit or Methyl Demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit to control it. Irrigate immediately after planting; give life irrigation after 4 days; subsequent irrigations are to be given once in a week for garden land bananas and once in 10 – 15 days for wetlands. Surface digging should be done once in two months. In Padugai lands, the crop can be cultivated during January – February and August – September. It is more costlier than palayan kodan. Flood fallowing the infected fields. The best time for planting in Garden Lands are January to Febraury and November to December         Â. Robusta, Nendran,D.Cavendish are the best varieties grown well in Garden lands. 1. Micronutrients (This should be applied prior to chemical fertilizer application). The area of cultivation of Nanjangud rasabale, a special variety of banana only in and around Nanjangud areas of Karnataka. Varieties Poovan, Robusta, Moongil  show resistance. 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. The best time for planting in Intercropping in Coconut is April to May and August to September. In combination with high-density planting and drip irrigation, Dwarf Cavendish is becoming a highly successful cultivar. Press mud application @ 15 t per ha one month after planting and neem cake 1.5 t per ha one month after planting will also control the nematode infestation. Major Markets in Tamil Nadu: Trichy, Coimbatore, Theni : Preferred Varieties and Hybrids : Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli : Grade Specification : The hands are graded based on the number and size of … Ney Poovan is tolerant to leaf spot but susceptible to Fusarium wilt and banana bract mosaic virus. cultivation of hill banana. The bunch size, the fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. But poor keeping quality and the fruits fall off bunches. ! Pachanadan could be used in the Nendran plantations for gap filling as it comes up for harvest along with Nendran. Apply N and K in 3 splits on 3rd, 5th and 7th month, Phosphorous at 3rd month of planting. Bunch not compact, 12-15 kgs, 4-6 hands, 3 prominent ridges, distinct nipple. From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji,’ Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. Largely grown in Trichirapalli and Coimbatore districts. Fruits are yellowish green throughout their development, but turn pale yellow to  golden yellow after ripening. Bunch – pendulous, 7-9 hands per bunch, 12-15 fingers per hand. Tamil Nadu is the leading... 3. Its commercial cultivation is spread over Central and Southrn districts of Tamil Nadu. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. This image is real and from Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu. Poovan: It is a leading banana crop that is grown commercially throughout the country. Plant dwarf. The fruit is widely available in South India. It also has also good export potential. Peak season in karnataka are, Bontha and Mauritius and for Poovan the best time is November to January beacause it has a no longer duration. Crop duration - 12 to 14 months. Bunch has 5-6 hands. In Tamil Nadu it is grown in 81498 ha with production of 34,61,788 tones and productivity 41.10t / ha. It is cultivated in India in an area of 830.5 thousand ha and total production is around 29,779.91 thousand tons. Established in 2012, Sunjoys Corporation has made a name for itself in the list of top suppliers of Fresh Vegetables, Cabbage in India. Harvest Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1%. Mostly grown as intercrop in coconut and arecanut garden. Fruits large, irregularly five sided, ridges prominent, slightly curved, broad at base tapering towards apex, rominent knob-like beak, long pedicel. It is highly resistant to black Sigatoka, Fusarium wilt and apparently resistant to burrowing nematode. Pulp - firm, cream coloured, core conspicuous, medium taste. favourable conditions. Preceding the chemical fertilizer application, apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacterium @ 20 gm each at planting and 5th month after planting. This image is real and from Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu. It is more vulnerable to panama wilt, a soil-borne disease, than other plantain varieties such as yelakki and pacchbale (chikkibale). State Production (Tons) Tamil Nadu 5136.2 Gujarat 4523.49 Maharashtra 3600 Andhra Pradesh 3242.7 Karnataka 2529.6 Bihar 1702.412 Madhya Pradesh … It is well suited as a shade plant for young coffee plantation. https://gkfooddiary.com/banana-recipes-babies-kids-can-i-give-my-baby-banana The Best time for planting in Wetland are Febraury to April  and April to Mayan, Nendran and Robusta. It has a cooling effect on places of very hot and humid conditions. Robusta is highly susceptible to Sigatoka leaf spot disease in humid tropics. The thick rind of the fruits retains to some extent the greenish colour even when the fruits are ripe. The Lacatan cultivar is the typical bananas we found in the market for dessert. It is an introduction from Phillipines and it is found promising under in saline sodic soils. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. The duration of the variety is about 13 months. Lesser grown variety, grows upto elevation of 1300 m above msl. In Tamil Nadu, B. anana is specially grown for? If pre-treatment is not done, apply 40 g of Carbofuran around each plant one month after planting (refer selection and pre-treatment for alternate technology) or pare and dip the corm in 0.75% Monocrotophos solution, shade dry and plant. No preparatory cultivation is necessary. Important cultivars are Robusta, Monthan, Poovan, Dwarf Cavendish, Nendran, Red banana, Basrai, Ardhapuri, Nyali, Safed Velchi Rasthali, Karpurvalli, etc. Immune to Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV) diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. This is considered a good quality fruit for table purpose. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. Many varieties of Kathali are grown in Kerala. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Apply 20 g in each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria during planting and five months after planting. Banana is the fourth-important food ingredient in terms of gross value exceeded only by rice, wheat and milk product. 2 – 4 ploughings are required before planting. Insert a gelatin capsule containing 200 mg Fernoxone (2,4 – D) into the corm 7 cm deep using capsule applicator or inject 5 ml Fernoxone solution (125 gm/lit of water) into the pseudostem by using the injection gun. Fruits - medium sized, cylindrical to spindle shaped, weak pedicel, skin - thin, peels easily, ivory yellow, flesh - firm, sweet, pleasant aroma. It is highly susceptible to Banana Mosaic Virus(BBMV) and Banana Streak Virus (BSV) which causes reduction in yield. Long cylindrical fruits with less curvature. 'Basrai' is the leading commercial variety of Cavendish group and is a leading commercial It is triploid  hybrid of banana by crossing Agniswar x Pisang Lilin developed at Banana Research Station, Kannara, Kerala Agricultural University. It can also be raised for leaf production. Pulp - white or pale yellow, dry, sweet with delightful flavour. These bananas in bright yellow color with very sweet taste. From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji’, Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. Perennial banana It is also used intensively for religious purposes. It is a widely distributed variety  in all banana growing areas of Karnataka. Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. Medium sized bunch, closely packed fruits, good keeping quality and resistant to fruit cracking is its plus points. It has an attractive golden yellow color when ripe. For economizing the cost of fertilizers, fertigate using normal fertilizers (Urea and Muriate of potash) with 50% of the recommended dose along with recommended dose of phosphorus as basal at 2nd month after planting. Suitable for cultivation for leaf production in Trichy and Tanjore districts of Tamil Nadu. This is the most widely cultivated variety of banana in Kerala, very soft when fully ripe. This variety thrives even in alkaline soils. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. It is a leading commercial cultivar grown throughout the country with location specific ecotypes. Introduced variety, important for international trade and high density planting. Fruits - medium size, persistent on pedicel even after ripening, skin - medium thick, yellow with ashy coating. Red Banana, Nendran, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Virupakashi, Pachanadan Monthan Karpuravalli etc. Fruits arebold, stocky,knobbed and pale green in colour. Pulp - firm, flesh coloured, core fairly conspicuous mild flavour, medium sweet. The Banana Aphid Pentalonia nigronervosa is the vector of Bunchy-top virus disease. borers. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. Almost all modern cultivated varieties of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.Cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively (). Fruits are used more than the raw ones. cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Pseudostem core is a highly relished vegetable with various medicinal properties. Fruits are bold, stocky, knobbed and pale green in colour. Banana is an important fruit crop of many tropical and subtropical regions of India. Poovan, Rasthalli, Monthan, Karpooravalli,and Ney Poovan  are the best varieties grown well at the time of Febraury to April. It is also called as Poovilla Konnai in Pollachi areas and Ayiranka Poovan in Tirchur. Ney poovan is the unique diploid assuming commercial monoclonal cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka. Leaf production. click here to know : how to add value to banana with post planting care. Fruits - small to medium, prominently ridged, skin - thick, leathery, greenish yellow and turning black when over ripe, peels easily. Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow on ripening. The variety, Poovan (Syn. Lady's Finger bananas are smaller and sweeter than the ubiquitous longer, … R Thangavelu, scientist at the National Research Centre for Banana (NRCB) in Tamil Nadu, says Race 1 has already mutated. Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking. Fruits turn to attractive golden yellow on ripening. Bunch - excellent grade, upto 30 kg, 18 hands. Rasthali, Monthan, Karpooravalli  susceptible to the disease. Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1% or chlorothaloail 0.2% or Carbendazim 0.1%. Tamil Nadu farmers were in search of a substitute for the local Karpuravalli, which belongs to the Pisang Awak subgroup of the genomic group ABB because of its … Fairly tolerant to nematodes and leaf spot and rhizome rot diseases. It is also popular in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The plants are tall, robust ranging from 2.5 m to 3.0 m in height, produces bunches to tune of 20 – 30 Kg: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: 9: Monthan: Fairly tall and robust, growing to a height of 2.5 to 3.0 m The thick rind of the fruits retains greenish colour to some extent and even when the fruits are ripe. Fruit is slightly acidic, firm and has typical sour-sweet aroma. In Malayalam language, banana plant is called by ‘Vaazha’ and the banana fruit is termed as ‘Vaazha pazham’. 2: Which clones are grown under irrigated conditions? ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. Then grow Sunhemp after 45th day and incorporate one month later. Red Banana, Manoranjitham (Santhana vazhai) and Ladan are also cultivated in hills. group  at National research Centre  for banana , Trichi. Uproot and destroy severely affected plants. Useful variety for breeding as it is male and female fertile. Its commercial cultivation is prominent in Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu. The banana that retains its green color even after ripening, it comes from a dwarf variety of banana plants. The spray may be directed towards crown and pseudostem base upto ground level at 21 days interval atleast thrice. Banana varieties grown in different states of India are: Karnataka - Robusta, Rasthali, Dwarf Cavendish, Poovan, Monthan, Elakkibale Fertigate at weekly intervals as per the following schedule. Male flowers without stamens are also used as a popular dish. Although Cavendish bananas are by far the most-common variety imported by nontropical countries, plantain varieties account for about 85 percent of all banana cultivation worldwide. It is a medium tall variety commercially grown in Karnataka. Red banana is the most relished and highly prized variety of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Fruits - medium size, cylindrical, pronounced nipple, skin - thin, bright yellow, peels off easily escape high wind as it blows at higher level. Banana is the fruit of a plant of the genus. At the time of planting, apply 25 g Pseudomonas fluorescence / plant. The bunches will be ready for harvest after 12 to 15 months of planting. Its ash coated golden yellow and sweet fruits have good keeping quality. An oblique hole at 45° angle is made to a depth of 10 cm. It is a hybrid of  Vannan x Pisang Lilin developed at Kannara Banana research station, Kerala Agricultural University. susceptible to wilt disease. Physical description. Hands are well spaced with cylindrical shape which facliattes packing, loading and transport with minimum damage. Tolerance to leaf spot diseases and nematodes. The traditional harvest festival of the Tamils - 'Pongal' is almost here. The plant stature is Dwarf making it less prone to wind damage. This variety is mediumsized with slender yellowish green pseudostem and can be recognised by the reddish petiole margin, large fruits, very thin and papery rind and white firm flesh that is very sweet. Ney Poovan is a slender plant bearing bunches of 15-30 kg after 12-14 months. Fairly tolerant to wilt disease. To avoid wilt disease in Rasthali, Monthan, Virupakshi and other wilt susceptible varieties, infected portions of the corm may be pared and dipped for 5 minutes in 0.1% Emisan solution (1 g in 1 lit of water). Kela / - the Hindi word too came from the Tamil word Kathali. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. Highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease. The fruits are short slightly curved with prominent ridges and blunt apex.Â. Fruits are smaller, slender with a prominent beak, are packed closely round the axis having a wind blown appearance. Alternation of fungicides for every spray prevents fungicidal resistance. Phosphamidon 2 ml/lit or Methyl demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit or Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit. It has a remarkable early rationing ability completing four crops in three years. Hill banana Bunch - 15 to 20kg, 8 to16 hands, 60 to 80 fruits. The 52nd edition of the fruit show was organised at Sim's park in Coonoor town of the district from May 22-23. Nendhran Banana can be supply all over Tamil Nadu on daily market price. fruits per bunch, 25-30 kg. Avoid growing cucurbitaceous vegetables. Performs well even in complete shade suited for planting in coconut grooves. It has a white pulp which is sweet when ripe although very starchy. Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. AREA (‘000 ha.) The major banana varieties grown in Tamil Nadu are Elaki, Poovan, Rasthali. It is a popular variety grown for table purpose in medium rich soils. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. Banana can be cultivated in garden lands during January – February and November – December. It is the festival to respect the Farmer and his… It is grown under the shade of arecanut gardens in the South Kanara districts of Karanataka. It is  particularly suitable for intercropping in coconut gardens both under rainfed and irrigated conditions. Nendhran Banana can be supply all over Tamil Nadu on daily market price. The pest is the vector for Bunchy top virus disease. But Pongal is the Day of the Farmer. Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crops of India. Lal velchi, Champa, Karpura Chakrakeli, Kadali, Chini champa ) is though tall but withstand high wind to a considerable extent. Prop plants at or prior to flowering. Peel - thick, tough, peels with difficulty, dark green turning straw yellow. This will also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. TIRUCHI Scientific Advisory Committee of KVK Sirugamani, at its meeting here on Thursday, mooted proposals for enhancing productivity of farmers by way of choosing crop varieties suiting the local con Plant robust, medium height. Choice variety grown in Tamil Nadu in Kulitalai & Thanjavur regions. Areas in Tamil Nadu where banana is prominently cultivated are Theni, Trichy, Erode, Thoothukudi, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Thanjavur and Dindigul. Removal of infected trees and application of lime @1-2 Kg/pit. Fibre from pseudostem and peduncle of four commercial cultivars of Tamil Nadu viz., Grand Naine, Poovan, Monthan and Nendran were extracted using banana fibre extraction machine. The 'Nino", also known as the 'Lady Finger', 'Sugar' banana, 'Finger' banana, 'Fig' banana, 'Date' banana, or 'Sucrier'; in Spanish, as 'Dedo de Dama', 'Datil', 'Nino', 'Bocadillo', 'Manices', 'Guineo Blanco', 'Platano Roatan' or 'Cambur Titiaro'; in French, as 'Banane-figue', 'Banane mignonne', 'Figue sucrée' (West Indies), 'Banane figue sucrée', 'Banane doigt de dame', 'Banane naine', 'Banana ficaire', 'Banana "Sucrier'. It is also popular in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and to some extent in Western and Central India. Raise paddy for one season to suppress the pathogen. Fruits are short, stout and have no knob. Common variety of Southern districts of Tamil Nadu. Fruit is highly fragrant, tasty, powdery and firm. It is also known as Lal velchi in Maharashtra. Plant has distinct pink colouration in pseudostem. Nendran (Clones)like Nedunendran, Zanzibar,Chengalikodan and Table varieties like Monsmarie, Robusta,     Giant Governor, Dwarf Cavendish, Chenkadali, Poovan,               Palayankodan, Njalipoovan, Amritsagar, Grosmichael, Karpooravally, Poomkalli, Koompillakannan, Chinali Dudhsagar), BRS-1 and BRS-2 are the best varieties grown well in Irrigated crop. Carbendazim 1 g/lit., Benomyl 1 g/lit., Mancozeb 2 g/lit., Copper oxychloride 2.5 g/lit., Ziram 2 ml/lit. 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. The fruits of Grand Naine Banana variety are delicious to eat and keeping  quality of the fruit is good. Kappa pazham is the reddish variety more costlier than the other ones. Robusta: Robusta is high yielding banana variety with large size. Plants - tall, 4.5 to 5.0m height ; Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each, 80-90 fruits per bunch. Each bunch of fruit has 7-9 hands weighing 11-17 lbs. This variety of Bananas are grown in some regions of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. “In Theni district of Tamil Nadu, we found G9 being infected by Race 1. It is akin to hill banana Virupakshi in flavour and taste and suitable for growing in the plains and hills upto 1200 meters elevation. The varieties cultivated include Grand Naine, Virupakshi, Sirumalai, Rasthali and Red Banana. Bunchy-top Fruits - large, long, thick, peel - thick and leathery, golden yellow, peels with difficulty. Pulp - soft, sweet, juicy, delightful aroma. The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. Pulp - soft, juicy, yellow, acid-sweet taste, good flavour. It is easily identified by the yellowish green stem with brownish  blotches reddish margin of the petiole and leaf sheath and a few persistent male flowers after the female flower phase. Attractive yellowish green colour at maturity. It is the most relished and highly prized variety. International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the blue java are also members of the farm. 4. ... Red banana From Tamil Nadu. Sunjoys Corporation is listed in Trade India's list of verified sellers offering supreme quality of Pahuja Peas etc. Longer crop duration, severe susceptibility to Fusarium wilt, requirement of bunch cover to protect fruits from sun cracking and formation of hard lumps in fruits make crop production more expensive. It is characterized by uniformly purple red pigmented pseudostem, leaf pedicel  and bunch peduncle. It is also sometimes known as the Cardaba banana, though the latter name may be more correctly applied to a very similar cultivar also classified within the Saba subgroup. Corm injection with 3 ml of 2% carbendazim. Select sword suckers of 1.5 to 2.0 kg weight which are free from diseases and nematodes. 25. It is a medium plant which takes 12-14 months to come to harvest. Coimbatore, Erode, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Trichy, Vellore,Kanyakumari and Karur districts, Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli. Requires propping. The best time for planting in Hill Banana are April to May and June to August. In India bananas occupy an area of about 2lakh hectares, mostly in the southern states. It is a hybrid clone released by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore involving three parents - Ladan, Kadali and Musa balbisiana. Delicious variety grown mostly in Erode and Tiruchirapally districts. It has the characteristic flavor only when they are cultivated in higher elevation. For ratoon crops in respect of Poovan, Monthan and Rasthali allow the follower at flowering stage of the mother plant and remove the other suckers during harvest. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and Basically a shy yielder but has the potential to yield 30-40 kg bunches under It could perform well withpout any yield reduction in sodic soils with PH 8.5-8.75. High density planting can be adopted for higher productivity. It is a medium tall variety and the Fruit is very tasty with a good aroma. Tamil Nadu-Virupakshi, Robusta, Rad Banana, Poovan, Rasthali, Nendran, Monthan, Karpuravalli, Sakkai, Peyan, Matti. Plant - slender, medium size, petiole borders open & conspicuously red. 2. To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. The fruits are very sweet and soft with thin peel. It is a promising hybrid owing to short cropping cycle resistance to leaf spot,Fusarium wilt and burrowing nematode. A big chunk of the Tamil Nadu bananas go to gulf countries. Bunches with 8 hands of 12 fingers each, 10 kg weight. It is also sweetest among Indian bananas. Soil and Climate The fruits are small, firm-fleshed and sweet. Just like Kerala has varieties of fish curries, every region in Tamil Nadu has their own variety of idli. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. Most of the bananas … Field preparation There are also varieties like hill banana, red banana, nendran and others. Over 500 different varieties of fruits were put on display during a two-day fruit show here in Tamil Nadu’s Nilgiri district. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. Banana Streak Virus, (BSV), which cause considerable reduction in yield. Its unique fruit quality has made Rasthali popular and a highly prized cultivar for table purpose. The best time for planting in Tissue banana are Throughout the year (except when temperature is too low or too high).          Â, Grand naine is the best variety grown well in Tissue Banana.      Â. It is tolerant to leaf spot disease but susceptible to Fusarium wilt, nematodes banana bract mosaic virus. Use tissue cultured banana plants with 5-6 leaves. Fruits - medium size, cylindrical, somewhat 5 cornered non prominent ridges, pedicel long and tough; thin skin which peels off easily, pulp - yellowish, juicy, tasty. Bunch large, compact, 18 kg, upto 10 hands. Plants - tall, 4.5 to 5.0m height. A small portion of soil is removed to expose the upper portion of the corm. Following is a table stating how much each state contributes to the overall production of banana in the country. World India Tamil Nadu CGR 1.71 2.68 2.20 Triennium 11-12 to 13-14 5,055 801 120 2014-15 5,141 822 123 2019-20 5,592 937 136 2024-25 6,083 1068 152 Department of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. Spray any one of the following fungicides commencing from November at monthly interval. Kathali ( கதளி)- Another Tamil term for Vazhai (வாழை) - Banana fruit. Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. This hybrid is developed by single plant selection from Pisang Awak (AAB) sub It is one of the sought after and tasty varieties of bananas. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha; Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. The fertigation technique must be followed for maximizing the productivity. The Tissue Culture Banana is very tasty. It is a slender , medium tall plant and bears bunch weight of 10-15 kg. Give four forkings in January, April, July and October. Its commercial cultivation is prominent in Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu Enjoyed as a snack or used to make sweet delicacies, the fruit is slightly acidic, firm and has a typical sour-sweet aroma. According to the government, about 380 trees were uprooted by Nivar and 14 acre banana plantation was also damaged. Peel - thick, tough, peels easily, dark green turning orange yellow when ripe. Red Banana, Nendran, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Virupakashi, Pachanadan Monthan Karpuravalli etc. Padugai It’s a sweet variety of banana, and the cheapest of all forms of banana. AAB, AAA: 3: Which clones are grown under rainfed conditions [like: Monthan, Kanthali, Kunnan]? Rasthali: Grown in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Bihar, it has a unique taste and good aroma. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. Pre-treat the suckers with 40 g Carbofuran 3G. The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. Premium variety grown in the lower Palani hills of Kodaikanal range in Tamil Nadu. Commercial plantations is seen in Madurai,Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu. TR4 strain in India is also different from the strain damaging plantations elsewhere in the world. The characteristic feature of this variety is a ‘beak,’ which is visible when the fruits are mature. Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. The fruits of the first 5 to 6 hands are same as those of Rasthali, while the rest differ only in size. Accessed 21 Mar. Fruits - large, spindle shaped, short pedicel, blunt tip, peel - thick, leathery, red colour, peels easily. If interested please contact me directly at 75985 35368 or 94862 69551. Important commercial variety of Tamil Nadu produced year round in largequantities. The supplier company is located in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu and is one of the leading sellers of listed products. It is less susceptible to most of the pests and diseases and adapted to rainfed cultivation with ratooning. Dwarf varieties like Basrai, Rajapuri etc. The best time for planting in Rain fed crop is  April to May. Fruit attachment to the pedicel is not as strong as in Virupakshi. Fruit quality is medium, sugar acid blend is good with maximum yellow life (7days). Fruits – small to medium, plump at base, tapering at apex, irregularly 5 sided, thick beak. distinctive flavor. Apply N as Neem coated urea. It is known as’Kappa Vazha’ or chenkadali in Kerala. Banana has great socio-economic and religious significance. The Double Mahoi plant can produce two bunches at once. Plant with huge pseudostem and grows to a height of 16-20 feet. 2.Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). Crop duration It is highly susceptible to Sigatoka leaf spot disease in humid tropics restricting its commercial cultivation. Pulp to peel ratio is more and highly suitable for processing. Bunch - large, 25 kgs, 12 hands, upto 18 fingers, 200 or more fruits. Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). “There is the Kadappa, Karpoora, Pedda Pachan Arati, Red Banana, Grand Nine, Rastali, Bontha, Potti Panchcha Arati and Tella Chekkra Keli. Centre for Plant breading and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India. It is a popular commercial cultivar grown extensively  for table and processing purpose in Karnataka. Requirement of bunch cover to protect fruits from sun cracking. To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. In combination with high-density planting and drip irrigation,Dwarf Cavendish is becoming a highly successful cultivar. Plant tall and vigorous. Wet lands Use ‘Banana injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. This is also very tasty and small sized fruit. Formation of hard lumps in fruits make crop production more expensive. Use drip irrigation @ 5-10 litres/plant/day from planting to 4th month, 10-15 litres/plant/day from 5th to shooting and 15 litres /plant/day from shooting to till 15 days prior to harvest. The fruits are used as Dessert and for making powder for infants as supplementary food. Njalipoovan, Robusta, BRS-1 and BRS-2. The variety Boldles Altafort is recommended for       high range region (ad hoc). Wishing everyone 'Happy Pongal' is the easiest way to wish on any occasion with a 'Happy' prefixed. The bunch weight ranges from 12-15 kg (after 11-12 months). It can also be raised for leaf production. per 10 lit of spray fluid. It is tolerant to leaf spot and Banana Bunchy Top Virus(BBTV) diseases, but 2015. commons.wikimedia.org. Always add 5 ml of wetting agent like Sandovit, Triton AE, Teepol etc. A new banana plantation Climate for Banana Cultivation. Namaran,Ladan,Manoranjitham Sirumalai and Virupakshi are the best varieties grown well in Hill Banana. It is a Pome hybrid developed from the combination of SH-3142 x Dwarf Prata in Honduras. Banana is more cultivated in TamilNadu state. Infected trees should be uprooted, chopped into pieces and burnt. Exclusive culinary variety, widely cultivated for processing. It is well suited as an intercrop in coconut/arecanut garden. The cultivar has a very aromatic and excellent flavor. The plants are tall, robust ranging from 2.5 m to 3.0 m in height, produces bunches to tune of 20 – 30 Kg: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: 9: Monthan: Fairly tall and robust, growing to a height of 2.5 to 3.0 m The pseudostem, petiole, midrib and fruit rind are purplish red in color. It is a sturdy plant and somewhat cold tolerant. It is highly susceptible to banana bunchy top virus, nematodes and wilt. If interested please contact me directly at 75985 35368 or 94862 69551. Trim the roots and decayed portion of the corm, cut the pseudostem leaving 20 cm from the corm and grade the suckers to size. This is the foremost cooking variety of the state. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. Bunch weighs about 25-30 kg. Enjoyed as a snack or used to make sweet delicacies, the fruit is slightly acidic, firm and has a typical sour-sweet aroma. All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the … It is highly susceptible to banana bract mosaic virus and Fusarium wilt disease. Surface digging should be done once in two months. It also have medicinal usage. Fairly large sized fruit turns its color from deep brown to dark red as it ripens. Plant tall, robust, pseudostem petiole characteristic deep red colour, free suckering. Nendran is a dual purpose variety used for dessert and culinary. Banana occupies 20% of the area among the total area under crop in India. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. Alternatively, dilute 54 ml of Monocrotophos 36 WSC with 350 ml of water and inject 4 ml (2 ml at 45 cm from the ground level another 2 ml 150 cm from the ground level) in the pseudostem at monthly interval from 5th to 8th month. Different varieties of bananas in terms … Tamil Nadu ranks first in area and production of banana but in Tamil Nadu banana cultivation has a limitation because the state experience strong wind that cause the falling down of banana plant during strong wind. Longer crop duration, severe susceptibility to fusarium wilt. Heavy rainfall and strong wind that are the limiting factor of the banana cultivation. Similar to Jnali... Poovan … Perennial system aggravates Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV). This variety of small banana serves as a side dish of traditional putt... Palayamkodan (Palayanthodan). Apply lime at 1 – 2 kg in the pits after removal of the affected plants. Culinary  The fruit is large and angular even when ripe. 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