This plant is found flowering in November in Dranubu-bush, Sigatoka District. This is what in N.Z. A small pretty convolvulus, rather like the tagica, but with narrow leaves, found in Colo West, where the natives use it medicinally. A favourite fruit, more fully described under its most usual name in Fijian of oleti. bangara gaddi. It is also known in Hawaii as akaava, and its sinuous stems are there used for tying the rafters of their houses. Flowers white-petaled growing in the axils of the straggling panicles, calyx five lobed. This sweet-scented creeper grows best in rocky places, on the outskirts of the bush. This name was evidently adapted from early traders, whose tobacco was appreciated by the Fijians. It resembles greatly that of the Areca catechu. Nadroga name for vesi. A climber often seen in dry forests—used in making mats, baskets and cordage. This also is a saponaceous plant, often a creeping habit, but sometimes a fair-sized shrub. Its regeneration is not difficult, but it needs care and shade in the early stage of its growth. Search the catalogue for collection items held by the National Library of Australia. Uto-dogo-dogo, seedless; uto-dra-cobo, also seedless. Nadroga. A Somosomo variety, and quite seedless. Often met with in mixed forest. Same as wavuti. The tikula is sometimes called the masawe by Fijians, and this is rather confusing as the Cordyline terminalis is also known by this name of masawe. This species grows wild in woods, and is often used for hedges and attains the height of from twelve to fourteen feet. MLA Citation. The same as bakanivudi. Sometimes called mavuka, buka, or colulu. Often spelt wathiwathi. It is often listed by botanists as Curcas purgans. Under the name of masawe in Bua Province this plant is used medicinally. The leaves are smooth and the inflorescence in cymes. Eearly settlers used them in “pies.” Also known by the Fijians as wagadrogadro, wavoto-votoa; wagadro, wahone, and wavuka. All convolvulus leaves are valued by natives. The perfume of the flowers is pleasant. There is said to be a very strongly poisonous matter in the fruits of this tree. Also called vola, see rewa. A herb of the veikau (forest) with white flowers, and narrow leaves. Commonly called diridamu. Sweet Cavendish. White daisy-like flower, corolla lingulate; an erect herb. Called eaea in Tahiti. This species of Ixora grows in Vanua Levu, in dense thickets and on the sides of hills as high even as three or four thousand feet; but it also thrives in lower altitudes. This species of convolvulus grows freely everywhere. They are preferred fresh, but more used dried. It is also called the na-tivi in Bua Province, where its beautiful red leafage is at certain seasons to be seen. Found in Kauri forests. This shrub or tree is sometimes listed as a Tetranthara. Also balawa. They had a very primitive way of administering this cure, for they used to chew the leaves, spit the juice into an ivi leaf, double this, and use it to drop the juice into the sufferer's eyes. It is called the na tivi in Bua. Fijians think that special virtue is found in ferns that grow in red earth (talasiga). This is one of the medicines that are used secretly by native women. Ilikimi Isa Kona Meaning wolf lover. Printer Suva  1918, Wright, C. Harold. The inside of the lip is yellow and purple. Sweet Cavendish. It is one of the shrubs used by natives to stupefy fish. As it is a companionate tree, care should be taken in its cultivation to plant the suitable plants near young yasi. This kind of Hibiscus grows on dry ground, and is to be seen almost anywhere in these islands. A list of Fijian plant names / by C. Harold Wright Govt. This tree grows in Vanua Levu. A tree that is mostly found near creeks, and on their banks. Asa Grey classified it as Clerodondron ovalifolia. According to Seemann it is indigenous, he said that “while in Taviuni we used the beans of this plant as a vegetable.” He gives dralawa as its Fijian name. Flowers in a syme; the drupes are ellipsoide. In Vanua Levu found in mixed forest. No discussion of the plants of the western Pacific would be complete without mention of the omnipresent Yaqona or kava plant Piper methysticum . In India it is known as olindawel, where the juice of the green leaves is taken for purifying the blood, and the root for sore throat and rheumatism. Also wavulevu and tubua, and conipaoalangi is another name, which only means “the foreigner's grass.” The leaves have been much esteemed by the Fijians for the cure of cika, or ophthalmia, and other eye-trobles. walili is a very graceful creeper, flowering from December to March. Small tree, grows in forests and on lime-stone formation. Called also kauniyalewa. Flowers solitary. The speckles or spots are a dirty white. Alternate leaves, these are oblong and narrow, flowers are small. Four hundred and fifty plant species are described.The entries for species are arranged by plant family, and give current botanical name, Fijian or local name, brief botanical notes, medicinal uses and chemistry. Mead considered the Fijian name vesi was probably connected with the Malay word besi, which means “iron.”. Its scarctiy may be attributed in large measure to its timber having been always in demand. This spelling is hardly correct, as p is scarcely used in Fijian. Like other littoral growths it is found also in America, Asia, and Australia. This is a creeping fern, very often found on trees in Colo West. Leaves pointed oval, inflorescence composite cymes, five-petalled corollas of bluish-white colour, five-toothed calyxes, sulphur-coloured drupes of a globose shape. This tree is often called vesiniwai on account of its liking for the sides of creeks and moist places. There is some difference about the botanical name, lactoria is sometimes exchanged for that of odollum by modern authorities. To add to its efficacy the mixture was put in a banana-leaf and placed on the top of a stove or in a hot oven and then rubbed on while still warm for sprains and swellings; double handfuls of leaves chopped (or better still chewed) were boiled in a quart of sea-water; when reduced to a pint the residue was taken internally. The bark very sweet. This is valued for its medicinal properties. Fruit reddish. It is a large tree, mostly found near the sea. From the number of seeds which the Doctor has lately procured from different parts of the globe, and his scientific and solicious care in their cultivation, we are induced to hope that Medical Botany, under such auspices will eventually receive considerable illustration. Corolla white. The juice also from the flowers of this same species they say will cause abortion. These are small trees, and are often met with, they have speckled bark, hence the native name. Sometimes called the “false yagona,” also the Honolulu yangona. Also called by Fijians yevuyevu and evuevu. Often called the Ipomoea Bona-nox, having gained the name because it blossoms at night, and makes the darkness fragrant with the perfume of its white flowers, which are very alluring to night moths, etc., and are a most attractive sight in the darkness. 2009. Probably this creeping vine is the same as the wasovivi and the wabici. The uppermost are smaller, and mostly glabrous and leathery, the flowers are solitary in a leathery cyme. A list of Fijian plant names. Described under walutumailagi. Large tree in Colo West. This plant is supposed to have special medicinal virtues. Shrubs about 6 feet. This is a species of Raspberry, which has been used in the absence of other fruit by settlers. The root is tuberous and very large, when baked on heated stones it tastes like stick-liquorice. They were supposed to be beneficent, but rather easily offended by rashly interfering mortals. This variety of breadfruit is large and seedless, with a smooth surface; the leaves have a peculiar appearance as if covered with small blisters. A similar tree grows in Vanua Levu—but is of a smaller and more graceful habit—the Z. pinnatum; was formerly called the Blackburnia pinnata. This seed is larger than the diridiri, and is almost heart-shaped. One of the trees that cries aloud for re-afforestation. Also vulavulalevu. The whole plant is considered a cure for asthma. The leaves are quite a foot long, and more leathery than the other vutus. Supplement to the Journal of the Polynesian Society. is known as the “canary whistle,” it gets the same generic name varavara from the natives here, that they give to species of Spathoglottis and Calanthe. Formerly the leaves were used after being roasted for caulking canoes. A small tree—the calices are reddish, hence doubtless its distinctive botanical name. Leaves very large, over a foot either way, and varying from heart-shaped to round, from smooth to silky-haired, from entire to crenulated. The Fijians boil the root in water and take as a tonic for debility. Among the natives it has a reputation for medicinal virtues, and is a favourite cure for indigestion, etc. Guppy gives the name of vere to different plants, viz., the Smythea pacifica, and the Columbrina asiatica. A very beautiful climbing plant, with strong and flexible stem and rose-pink flowers, which are very attractive seen among the foliage of lofty trees. There are groves of the varawa in the interior, among the forest swamps. Has heart-shaped leaves; the flowers change their colour from yellow to pink as the day advances. Found in the bush near creeks. This is a shrub or small tree, with feathery leaves. yangona grows best in the uplands. This small tree grows well in Bua Province. Some of the most lucrative locations for these hunters were remote villages in southern Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Samoa and Fiji, hence names such as Fijian Fire Plant. Four hundred and fifty plant species are described. A beautiful tree, with pretty feathery foliage. Stenochleana palustris (Order Filices), Symplocos leptophylla (Straceae) (Symplocaceae), Barringtonia speciosa (Lecithydaceae) or (Myrtaceae), Carruthersia latifolia (Apocynaceae) (Sub-order Carruthersia), Entada scandens or E. gigas (Leguminoseae) or (Mimosaceae), Campium sp. Though this species is not used by the Fijians as a drink, the natives in Viti Levu used to believe that the veli (or spirits of the veikau) made their kawa (kava or yangona) from the root of these plants, and therefore yangoyangona was sacred (tapu) to these forest-dryads in the same way that the boia (Alpinia boia) and tankua (that is the cagicake, under its Namosi name of the Ptyschospermum filiferum) were held to be sacred to these forest-spirits, the one as their plaintain, the other as their coconut-meat, and they believed condign punishment would be the portion of any mortal rash enough to touch either one of these sacred plants. There are two species of “lemon grass,” Seemann calls these respectively the Andeopogon refractus and A. acidulatus, but the usual name is as given above. Th … Has almost become indigenous, but was introduced, probably more than a hundred years ago, and is now known as Fiji-cotton. A list of Fijian plant names. It is an introduced climber with dainty creamy-white flowers and bright-green, glabrous leaves. The buds of this species yield a dye. Another name for the “holy fern,” wa-kalou. Slash red. Many clubs were also status items and were only owned by chiefs or priests. In Nadroga it is the Dryopteris which is called both uvihabitu and digi-waruwaru, and is in favour for supposed medicinal virtue. A native medicine. It has short roots, ample leaves, sesquipedale, and white flowers pedicels and bracts, the lip is divided in three sharply cut lobes. Other common species include the Mallotus tiliifolous, a small deciduous tree with hairy leaves and spiny fruit and the Indian-beech with its aromatic flowers and medicinal bark and roots. This was certainly introduced, but is now very freely grown for exportation. tree. The Fijians use the sap to dye their hair red or orange. One variety is supposed to be poisonous. The dry forest region contains a high percantage of endemism, with 33% of its native species being endemic to the region. The wase is often to be seen near the coast, frequently growing as shrubs, but sometimes as small trees 15 to 20 feet high. A white tubular flower seated in a four-sepaled calyx-cup. Also called uto-maliva, uto-sasaloa, and uto-sore, which see. This is another Fijian name for the same tree, and is also a favourite medicinal tree, as indeed all the tarawau trees are regarded with a kind of superstitious reverence by the older natives even now. These are some of the names used in the Bua Province. It grows commonly in the island of Kadavu, and is also a habitant of Norfolk Island, etc. The leaves of this plant are valued as a very superior kind of laxative. The flowering “ears,” which look somewhat like those of bullrushes are excellent when boiled, and much liked by natives and many Europeans. This fern is widely eaten by natives, common westward to Asia. The flower spikes are a very fair substitute for cauliflower, if cooked and served in a similar way. The two largest islands in Fiji are Viti Levu (10,338 km 2) and Vanua Levu (5,535 km 2) characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and coastal plains.Precipitation patterns fluctuate between the wet months of December to April and dry months of May to October. Same as wakorovudi. In India the juice from the leaves of the Musa sapientum is taken as an antidote to snake-poison. Timber is of a greyish colour. It is good feed for goats and cattle. Sugarcane is another significant aspect of Fiji’s plant life, as it is the most popular of Fiji’s cultivated crops. Pumpkin. Same as masawe. Sometimes found growing wild, but mostly cultivated with great success in Fiji. It is also esteemed as a sedative. It is often found growing near tree-trunks. Uto-buco-uvi (,i.e., yam-like). to induce placid tranquility and vague dreams; so though it is not like that fabulous narcotic which old writers eulogize “that cometh from beyond the moon,” and is “the tears of flowers, that drop when these weep,” the piper methysticum also has a certain therapeutic value; its salutary effect is extolled especially in all calculous afflictions. The leaves of this plant were formerly used by Fijians for washing their hair to destroy vermin. Joni is the Fijian rendering of "John". This is the name in Colo West of a fern that grows in many places. Also known as lawere. This species of fern grows to considerable height (3 to 6 feet) and likes hot open spaces. The young fronds are eaten by the natives. It is a climbing herbaceous plant, male flowers in racemes, female flowers single. Has a tuberous root, firm green leaves, very erect stem and whitish flowers. There is a small variety of Freycinetia, spikes at end of branches. Its Fijian name means simply poor or worthless sandalwood. It has been grown in Fiji. Fijian name unknown. Called also doiniwau. Sandalwood certainly holds the pride of place as a favourite perfume among the many sweet-scented woods and flowers of the Fijian veikau (or bush). It is a very charming species. It is rather a strang-looking tree, when fully grown is 50 or 60 feet in height, with white trunk and stems. Sarcanthus has many-flowered inflorescences. Common in all forests. “A few things I have come to learn includes landscaping and plant multiplication methods as well as learn plant and flower names that I have not heard of before.” Mrs Cuvatoka thanked the Ministry for the initiative to enlighten women of Rewa on the importance of plants. The thick fleshy leaves are not unlike those of stonecrop—and are often used as greens in the absence of more palatable vegetables, even by Europeans, who say it is not a bad substitute for spinach. The same as evuevu. Has a purple (or deep mauve) corolla, and is often listed as Ipomoea paniculata. & Fiji. Female names Alitia Meaning noble kind. They say a drink made of the leaves of the wakiwaki together with as equal number of leaves of the evu will cause sterility. The leaves cordate, green and somewhat tinged with purple. At first it was only used by men. A tree about twenty feet high. Vutuniwai and vutuwai. Tubular corollas with five stamens, and ellipsoidal drupes. The physic-nut was introduced from the Tongan islands, but is now much grown in the Sigatoka district, where it has been extensively used as living hedges. It grows best in sandy soil, near the sea. Should the fishing be unsuccessful, they lay the blame on the fish and think a spirit is among them. A creeping variety of the yagonagona. This tree does not grow to any great size. Found in Nadroga province. Called also dredre (laughing-water). It is in appearance much like a willow; the leaves are dark-green above but paler beneath. They are very good pickled. See vuluvululevu, and lesame. Its native name means the leaning banana and refers to its habit of growth. Called also usi, uee, and wasewase. It is said to relieve long-standing irritation. Epiphytic, often seen high up on forest trees. The Coconut Palms provide Fiji with one of its most versatile manufacturing resource – coconut oil – and are believed to have self seeded on the islands. Pritchard gave parau-teruore as the Tahitian name—the fibre could be used for cordage. The female spadix is from 2 to 3 feet long. Properly speaking this species of reed belongs to the widely distributed sedge-family. The leaves are somewhat oblong in shape. A list of submitted names in which the usage is Fijian. This Fijian name is given also to the following tree. This fern is very commonly found in the bush, and is distinguishable on account of the blackness of its stems. All the four last named have entire leaves, that is without lobes or indentations, except when quite young, when some of them are slightly indented. The upper parts of the leaves is glabrous, whereas the under parts are downy, with strongly marked veining. The leaves were formerly in request on account of their soapy nature. In Hawaii called kawa, and Seemann refers to it as kawa, and under this name—transferred to their indigenous pepper—the Maoris have evidently preserved some memories of their old-time beverage, previous to their migration to New Zealand. A ground-orchid with small flowers. and Fiji. Also called waisea, utocokocoko, a Rewa variety, also seedless. In Nadroga, according to H. Wright, the wiriwiri is called banidakai. A plethora of gorgeous, tall, tropical trees reach towards the sky, while ferns, moss, and flowers cover the jungle floor. Also called vehiloa. A list of Fijian plant names / by C. Harold Wright  Govt. This name probably means the banana of the wet month. It is a strong purgative, and a remedy for dysentry. A few planks of this wood have stood hard wear in King's wharf, Suva. In the mature trees, leaves are entire and glabrous. The natives of this island weave this kind of Pandanus into mats. The long clinging sinuous stems are pale green. Flowers small, purplish, sometimes red and green, in terminal spikes. (Liliaceae), Dolichos lablab. 33 Fiji Name Botanical Name Authority kascakula . Grows well in swamps. Called also uviuvi. This variety grows on dry ground and is fairly common. Also called kativari. The Selaginella distans is probably also called walewale by the Fijians. It is also called vutukata. Occasionally found of considerable size. Grows well in fairly moist ground. The leaves which are oblong or egg-shaped in an umbel, nine being on a common stalk, each with its own pedicile; the upper side of the leaves is green, the under side, purplish. A kind of mangrove. Another name for the candle-nut—see sekeci and lauci. It is a very huge species of Alocasia, and is sometimes twelve feet high. Sometimes suringu and gordeoody. The name of a shrub, the leaves of which are used for straining yagona. This is not indigenous, but was introduced, a long time ago, and is now quite acclimatized. Is much in repute as a remedy for both dysentry and diarrhoea. Totolu means to ooze water. It resembles greatly that of the Areca catechu. Inflorescenses are lateral and terminal; flowers creamy-white and salver-shaped. It is covered with prickles, and the fruit is oblong. The petals are white and so are the long silky stamens. Another name for this beautiful orchid, which is sometimes called varu-levu and varavara-sa, under which name it is more fully described. Also called alu, yalu, and toga. The leaves are heart-shaped with a sharp apex. The early stage of coconut-growth is called vara. Leaves in a big whorl, non-edible. This is another medicinal species of convolvulus and is described under viliawa, which see. It is a woman's plant as the name implies. All these four varieties yield plenty of ripe, and therefore productive seeds. Another species of this order the Luffa insularum, has been often called luffa, as if that were the Fijian name; there is some doubt on that question. Possibly its native name refers to the way it grows, for tabua means “collar-bone,” and tiri is the mangrove, vide Hazelwood's 1850 edition of F. Dictionary, for this original meaning of tabua. (paniculata?) The significance of kava is deeply rooted and em-bedded in the Fijian way of life. In Tahiti, it is known as the tuniua. Same as nakauwa. Sources The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. The yaro is also called the tavolavo in some provinces of Fiji. Name used in Bua for a pretty weed of red and yellow colour, seed in silky pappus. It has a urn-shaped calyx, and there is an agglomeration of flowers, sometimes in a panicle. Madraiwiwi, which means "sour bread ," was passed on from his grandfather, also Ratu Joni Madraiwiwi. It is a climbing shrub, with very robust habit of growth. The Fijian name vago in indiscriminately used for calabashes, on account of their being bottles for coconut-oil. Also called uto-sasaloa, uto-vakasorena and uto-sore. It has a baccate fruit, which is sometimes eaten by Fijians, although it seems insipid to white people. Fijian name: Tavola English name: Beach Almond Tree This fern has a creeping rhizome and climbing fronds. Sometimes classified as Pteris comans. The flowers are red, on long pedicles. The flowers are yellow and fragrant, and the seeds are very attractive, being red and shining. This exquisite colour changes about noon, taking on then a purplish tint; by eventide it becomes a mauve-violet and fades away; the 3-lobed calyces are persistent. 1918,  A list of Fijian plant names / by C. Harold Wright  Govt. Should a Fijian get a fish-bone in his throat, totodra tea will dislodge it! Women at the time of childbirth take the same remedy, apparently to reduce feverish symptoms. It is a kind of dodder, and is much valued by the Kai Viti as a medicinal plant. This may possibly be the M. rufa of Labillardiere. Both these are ground-orchids. Large lianes. The timber is almost worthless, and the heart is often found decayed as in willows. Not only common on all Fijian beaches, but indigenous to the tropics in both the Eastern and Western hemisphere. This shrub is said to make a very good wind-screen. Shrub. In India this tree is called maqul-karanda, and the juice of the roots is used for sores, also for cleaning the teeth and hardening the gums. cika is a little like South African eye-blight. Is considered very valuable medicine in cases of either dysentry or diarrhoea; often spoken of, erroneously, as arrowroot. The roots are macerated as a cure for tooth-ache. The Kai Viti use this variety of cordyline for fences or hedges. F iji consists of approximately 300 islands, the oldest of which dates back to 40 million years (Rodd 1993). Vere and verevere are the Fijian words to describe a struggling tangled bush-plant, as for instance the Columbrina asiatica, See below. It goes by the name of ra in both Samoa and Tahiti. Like all vutu trees is very fascinating, and has gained the appelation of “tears of the night,” from the natives, probably because it drops its blossoms into rivers in the darkness. Mead tells us that the large square seeds of the S. speciosa are used by the natives as floats for their fishing-nets. One called it belebele, probably because it is a little like the Brackenridgia nitida. Probably the same as vau-same. We will contact you if necessary. The timber a little resembles oak. Though the Lagenaria vulgaris is perhaps better known as a bottle-gourd. The veli seem to have had much the same mythological importance as the pixies and dryads of old British fairy tales. The flowers are delicate and drop off quickly. Often spelt vothi-vothi, is only a small tree, girth seldom beyond a couple of feet, but the wood is very hard, and is therefore in request among Fijian agriculturalists, for digging-sticks in their dalo gardens. The Kai-Viti esteem it, as they think the leaves have properties which will thicken their hair. Found on sea-beach at Taviuni—has many other names, e.g., wa-ia which see. It is quite probable that this plant has been introduced, as the name seems extremely like our “tobacco.” Seemann thought it might have been brought by the Manila men, since Spaniards were the first whites who visited these islands. The stunning beaches of Fiji are covered in a variety of pine trees, such as Silver, Fishtail, Fantail, Umbrella and the iconic Coconut Palm. This Pittosporum is so called because the natives say it is the mother (tinana) of the cevua trees (Vaveae sp.). It flowers from June to October. There is a larger species of this plant, which has yellow, purple, and rose-coloured flowers. Found in Bua forest. Tiwa is also known as tivi or tavola. A tree with good perfume, not unlike yasi. The root is a powerful purgative. (Rubiaceae) also classified as Calycosia petiolata (A. The common blue rat-tail—now accounted as a plant-pest. The name of this tree tarawau-ni-coqe means “tarawa of the barking pigeon.” It has medicinal properties, and Fijians consider that it is a cure for most aches and pains. They only use four or five leaves, however, and say these are pungent, bitter, and acrid. In India this plant is called the kumburuwel, and the Hindus use the tender leaves for toothache; it is also given for worms in children. This is a tall tree sometimes called the Garcinia Magostana. There is a native superstition in regard to these Alpinias. Also called vakeke, which see. One of seven species with a wide geographical distribution; in the Rhaetic plant-fields of North and Central Europe numerous fossil leaves have been discovered. The leaves of this plant are esteemed as helpful for reduction of rheumatic pains. The calyx is urn-shaped; there are ten stamens. A flowering vine mostly found near the sea. wakalou has a good reputation as an antiseptic. Also known as galo. Fruit a little like raspberry. They are supposed to be the plantains of the veli—or spirits of the veikau (forests) and the Fijians say some evil will overtake anyone who so much as touches them—to cut or remove them is to risk worse calamities. The buds are used as a dye (yellow and orange) then called nag-kassar or nagesar. The totodra has leaves very like those of the violet, and very small pinkish flowers. Maesa persicaefolia according to Dr. Merrill. But wagodro is more often used for the plant known as the rubus tiliaceus. Its medicinal virtues are well known to the Fijians, but they do not use the rhizome as we do, but the leaves, which they pound, add water and strain, much in the same way as they treat the Piper methysticum for the well-known drink—yangona. Banana with fish-like fruit, according to native ideas. The wayaka was used in native ceremonies. The Fijians consider the verevere is a very useful medicinal plant, and use tea made from the leaves when suffering from bad internal pains. Also called rewa in the vernacular. The gourds from this plant were formerly extensively used as containers for coconut and other oil, in place of bottles before these were introduced. The leaves are triparted. To make the charm more efficacious, the first fish caught must be thrown back again. They pound the long, thread-like leafless stems and add water. Commonly found on the sea-front. This is a valuable plant, and as it is found all over the group, if there was a demand it could be gathered in abundance, as it can be easily cultivated on cleared land. The 2013 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi, and there is discussion about establishing it as the "national language".Fijian is a VOS language. This is a peculiarly interesting tree to have been found in Fiji, for the genus was not previously known outside China and Formosa (Kew). Though a usually sea-shore variety it makes it home also among the trees that are so often found in Talasiga country (dry fern-land)—such as the Acacia Richii (a phyllodinous species) the sago-palm (Cycas circinalis) and Pandanus odoratissimus. Used as hydrating agent for smooth skin: 3: Arjuna: Terminalia Arjuna-Tree dry Bark: Correct Blood pressure, heart beat, congestive heart failure, OPD for easy breath: 4: Ashwagandha In the E. Indies these trees are called woondy, and poonay. Also called aisoosoo, mari, or waini. The drupe is two-celled and green in colour. Oblong fruit. Described under walutumailagi. It is esteemed by Fijians, as they say the leaves cure neuralgia. Sea-beach, very showy flowers and large leaves. In India the tuberous root is used as a purgative, and the plant known as trastawalu. The bulbs are large and the long leaves lanceolate (three to four feet long). According to Seemann: “Tahiti, indeed the whole Society Islands, seem to be the place where the greatest number of varieties (of breadfruit) are to be found, Solander rating twenty-one, and G. Bennett (Gatherings of a Naturalist, p. 396), even as many as twenty-four, all of which bear distinctive names. Sometimes enquired for, for export. They recommend that some leaves and pieces of the bark should be crushed and pounded well, then boiled in sea-water and taken internally, as a wainimate (medicine). Polynesian and Melanesian usage of the name came about with the introduction of the bible by white missionaries during the 1700's and 1800's. Same as wagodrogodro and wavotovotoa. Tagimaucia (Medinilla waterhousei) is Fiji's national flower; it's also endangered in Fiji. Vanua Levu. She directed him to gather a number, take the first to the family god and to the king; to eat no more red earth, but to roast and eat the fruit of the tree growing before them.”. will cure both rheumatism and kidney-trouble, as well as being a good medicine for children troubled with either aptha or croup. For instance June and July were their vula-i-werewere, or weeding months; August was for the digging of the yam gardens; September for putting reeds, or vitavita sticks for the yams to climb up, and so through the procession of the months until March—the vula-kelikeli when among the many species we may mention the kawai (D. aculeata) the tivoli (D. nummularia), the kaile-tokatolu (D. pentaphylla); and note also that since many species are acrid, the wise Fijian cook was wont to add scrapings from walai stems (Entada scandens) so as to improve the flavour, and lessen the acridity. This plant is described under the name of tuvoleiqoqo. Printer Suva 1918. The fruit of this species of Barringtonia is considered poisonous. There are six stamens, inserted in the tubes. This species is of erect growth and sometimes is between 30 and 40 feet in height. The content for Fijiguide.com is based on his best-selling guide and has been completely updated for 2018. Kuila means a “flag,” being the Fijian for a kind of pennant. In Fijian, the name of the Noni plant is Kura. Also called alu, waloa and toga. amidst the thick reeds and ferns of the inland plains, which are called talasiga, by the Fijians, and are found sometimes at considerable altitudes. (Sapindaceae)? A pretty little shrub, some ten or twelve feet in height—inflorescences terminal, many flowers, fruit red and globose. I am fascinated when reading accounts of these explorations, and every now and then I come across an entry relating to a plant I grow today in my own garden. Separate indexes to plant species and Fijian names are provided, as well as a glossary of medicinal and botanical terms. Timber tough and elastic. Enjoy a CovidSafe visit to the National Library. By this time it was daylight; she awoke her son, and took him out. This grass is found growing under bread-fruit trees. One day he said to the wife, ‘I pity our son; he is weak and unable to eat the red earth. Possibly it is the same as the veluve (Asplenium nidus.). Same as via-gaga. Possibly the same as the togatu. Fijian form of Ebenezer. The stems are covered with a furry bark. Perhaps the same as the Alpinia Boia, which grows to a great size in the woods of Viti Levu. Tendrils used for drink to relieve stomach-ache. vota or vuga (Vanua Levu). This interesting shrub-like tree is found commonly on all the sea-beaches, in the Fiji group. Called from some fancied likeness to uvi in flavour. They appear to believe also that, that if a decoction of the wakiwaki is drunk at a certain phase of the moon, it will be a preventive to conception. This medicine is said to be quite as efficacious as Epsom salts when well prepared. This may interest medical men; but is not suitable for general reading, except in connection with the study of this special subject. Its native name shows it to have been one of the sacred plants of old Viti, veli being the word used for the spirits dwelling in the forest. It is said to be best in conjunction with other plants, i.e., ngato (Pteris crenata) and lato (Rosea chiensis). terminalis?) The stem, when heated, makes a lather in water, and is said to destroy vermin. A drink is made from the juice of the flowers to cause abortion—a secret medicine. Also known as nawakore-kore. The leaves chewed or pounded and used as a poultice, also to be rubbed well, i.e., massage on to the limb or limbs as a remedy for waqaqa (Filaria or elephantiasis). Wright. It has a poisonous fruit, that is the outer part is poisonous, and is used to stupify fish. The natives used these in the water in which they washed their hair in order to free it from vermin. Compare also wabula. In many South Sea islands forms an important addition to food-products. Scented wood—excellent for fires. Its name nakauwa means “woody creeper”; like all sarsaparillas the stems are leathery; it belongs to the sort known as the non-mealy, which is the most valued by pharmacologists. Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae (Pandanaceae) Pandanus Thurstoni. Also called viavia, which see. Sometimes called wamidre. Medium sized tree—30 to 40 feet. Stamens ten, drupes are black and shining. A secret medicine—a contracept—also as an antiseptic. Bulletin No. Indeed all the native cordylines have a sweetish juice, which has been compared to that of stick-liquorice. Centella asiatica. It has apparently been introduced, and as it belongs to a poisonous family, it should be exterminated, especially where it grows amid pasture-grass, as it is probably prejudical to the cows and through them to their milk. Printer, Wright, C. Harold. The young leaves are pink and are easily mistaken for the cibicibi. Interest in this cure for scabies, etc., has been aroused in countries as far afield as Russia. In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha. Also known by saw-millers as bausomi (Burckella Thurstoni). Selai Sereana Meaning song. The flowers are green. In Tahiti it is known as the purat-teruere, often found growing with H. Tiliacius. To make it fit for food, the Fijians first bake and then grate it. The native name gives the idea of soothing sleep. Via-sori is just another name for this species of Alocasias, and dranu is another. It is of a reddish tint. The leaves of tavola are much esteemed by the natives, as a disphoretic, as well as for a cure for indigestion. As it is very mucilaginous it makes a good addition to soup. Vehi is similar to the Tongan name fehi for this tree. Sometimes called vutuniwai. Gray), Agalma vitiensis Schefflera Seemanniana (Araliaceae), Casuarina nodiflora or C. nodosa (Casuarineae), Agalma vitiensis Schefflera seemaniana Also called by Heptopleurum vitiensis (Araliaceae). The leaves clustered at end of branches. This species of Calamus seems well adapted for the making of baskets, etc. A vine-like plant with the same name is eaten, not, however, the leaves nor roots, but the stalks. May be the same as uto-buco, and the bucudo of Wilkes' narrative, though he spells it umbuda. The roots of the tikula are looked on with considerable favour by the natives, as they use them to sweeten their vakalolo, (native pudding). A creeper growing in the light bush, it has very attractive orange-coloured fruit. It is a pretty shade of pinkish-mauve. After a while, she heard a leaf fall; then the large scale of the flowers; then a small unripe, and afterwards one full-grown and ripe fruit. It is impossible to vouch for the truth of this assertion, but there is just enough possibility in the idea to make it of value to those ethnological students who fancy they can trace some vestiges of Hebraic ancestry in the physiognomics of the older Kai Viti. Name for lauci in Nadroga. The flowers are white, and lose their petals almost as soon as the buds open. Uciniraurau is the name this plant is known by in Bua Province. Department of Agriculture. Another name for the uvi or yam, of which there are many varieties and more names. There is also a bush which is said to attract mosquitoes and so free people from their undesirable attentions. Grows well under trees, in light soil, and at a tolerably high altitude. The leaves are steeped in water, and the liquid drunk as a remedy for bad pains in the head. According to some authorities the yangona (or kava) “is the most powerful sudorific in existence,” and it is said that “its stimulant qualities render it applicable in those cases in which colchicum is prescribed. dilo leaves are used in some places, crushed till the juice is extracted, applied to the eyes. The bark contains tannin, and it is sometimes used for cases, butterboxes. Astrigent qualities; same as wagodrogodro. The mucuna has umbels of fine greenish flowers, and grows well in the bush. Same as the vasili-dina and masawe. This orchid grows best on either ivi or vesi trees. There are many other Fijian names for this straggling plant, such as walukumailagi, watumailagi, waverelagi, etc. Colo West for wakalou. The native women thread them for necklaces, and sell them to tourists, with other seed-chains. Much valued for the cure of infantile convulsions. This species of Solanum is nearer akin to the tomato. Leaves heart-shaped, smooth and oblong stems. Also uto-maliva, uto-vakasorena and uto-sore. The natives crush the leaves and then make tea of them—to relieve headache. Same as wawuti or yavu. The timber is proof against the attack of white ants, but is not safe from toredo, and is therefore not adapted for marine work. The timber is greyish-yellow. Grows in most forests. This small tree is known in Colo West by the name tarutaru—and in other parts is called uragogo, hence its botanical name. Grows in forests on limestone. This climbing plant is also known by another Fijian name warerega. Shrubs with yellow flowers. Sometimes called Ruellia triflora. The Fijian a is pronounced like the a in “father” The Fijian e is pronounced like the e in “bait” The Fijian i is pronounced like the i in “beat” The Fijian o is pronounced like the o in “boat” The Fijian u is pronounced like the u in “boot” Consonants: The letter b is often pronounced mb (Bure is “mBure”) Same as vutuvala. Used for fence-posts, etc. It is found very commonly on the roadsides, and its blue flowers are very attractive. This parasitic plant may commonly be seen on trees in Fiji. This was evidently an early variety, and grew in Rewa and Ovalau. This yam has a prickly stem and climbs very high. Sometimes listed as Stenochloena palustris—it grows well near a lake at Tonure, Colo West. This is probably correct as Belladonna belongs to the same family. Now known botanically as Taetsia, in place of Cordyline. 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Are blue in the construction of fish-traps ; found in the early stage its! Augustifolium by C. Koch own home-made saluka cigarettes to smoking a pipe the violet, more! Account the natives make use of various leaves—the tavotavo, the wiriwiri is vuri. Confused with vaudra, which has been compared to that of a hue... For children who are troubled with either aptha or croup have special medicinal virtues an App Developer, Guide...
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