Notebook: - These computers are as powerful as desktop but size of these computers are comparatively smaller than laptop and desktop. •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS Classification of computers by type 1. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. stream �I��8}��R�K������v����z�mdcFU�&��b9��}�p�a���xm� ��/[a��r���'�x���3 d��huD���h����WN�$��? %�쏢 Laptop: - this computer is similar to a desktop computers but the size is smaller. These computers are not as powerful as desktop computers. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). <> Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. Although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, these systems are normally linked together to form a network. CP Unit-1: Computer Programming Pdf Notes. Computer Types and Functions Computer Literacy Part 3. Digital computer –Digital computer is the most commonly used type of computer and is used to process information with quantities using digits, usually using the binary number system.Ex – MacBook. On the basis of functionality. We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. Content List Chapter No. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. The types of computers according to their functionality are analog computer, digital computer and hybrid computer. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. MCQs Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. Basics of Computers - Classification - Historically computers were classified according to processor types because development in processor and processing speeds were the … ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. Super computers are the largest and most powerful; microcomputers are the smallest. Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. computers are also called PDAs, palmtops and pocket computers. Laptop and Smartphone Computers LAPTOP: A laptop is a battery or AC-powered personal computer that can be easily �\T�5��/��zrWM5��&J/GIt*�3[���7�I!��t->[4��� ��L�~���������lO!�P;����cgTM�Q�2���@�N��V c��x>t!�{_�+A'����){M. Classification Of Computers •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers . XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Micro-computer. The analog computer measures the changes in … Computers are classified into various types based on historical development (computer generation), purpose, technology used, and size & storage capacity. •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. i) Multiuser OS:In a multiuser OS, more than one user can use the same system at a same time through the multi I/O terminal or through the network.ii) Multiprocessing OS:A multiprocessing OS can support the execution of multiple processes at the same time. Exercise 1. It is capable of doing word processing, spreadsheets and hand writing recognition, GAME playing, faxing and paging. Download CS8491 Computer Architecture Lecture Notes, Books, Syllabus, Part-A 2 marks with answers and CS8491 Computer Architecture Important Part-B 16 marks Questions, PDF Book, Question Bank with answers Key. • supercomputer : An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second. They weigh 2 to 3 kg. Micro-computer •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. The general-purpose computers are varying widely in … E�`p They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. कार्यप्रणाली के आधार पर इन्हें तीन भागो Analog, Digital, and Hybrid में वर्गीकृत किया गया हैं| Analog Computer वे Computer होते है जो भौतिक मात्राओ, जैसे- दाब (Pressure), तापमान (Tempressure), लम्बाई (Length), ऊचाई (Height) आदि को मापकर उनके परिमाप अंको में व्यक्त करते है ये Computer किसी राशि का परिमाप तुलना के आधार पर करते है जैसे- थर्मामीटर | Analog Computer मुख्य रूप से विज्ञान और इंजीनियरिंग … Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). /ViewerPreferences 201 0 R Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Need for logical analysis and thinking – Algorithm – Pseudo code – Flow Chart. Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. At home, the most popular use for personal computers is playing games and surfing the Internet. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . • Most PDAs also offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as word processing, spread- Thus any computer which solve problem by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature, pressure, angular position or voltage into related �ifk�r}��A&�Z���,� Y&0�+U��Y�ouR‘�q�`�o)���X�_{Lw0α�ɥ����w�lEm�s1{�eG�7���­xؒ%+bk /Tabs /S We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. Computer Fundamental Notes in Hindi PDF Download; Tally ERP 9 Learning Book in Hindi PDF Free Download; All Degree Full Form List – सभी Education Words की List; Classification of Computers on the Basis of Size and Capabilities. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the notes on mobile. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Classification on the basis of size. 1 0 obj They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. Classification based on Size and Capability: On the basis of size and capability, digital computers can be classified as: • Super Computer • Mainframe Computer • Mini Computer • Micro Computer. �G�쀾VP�4���gy[Ӣ���L��E�s����pТ���{ǐ��%EHUxi�|������z�Gӆsv���G��Īl�c��_�2��N�F*8���,�W�9h@G7[0��H-�@L��+Z�%�{�i�a���Jt�Z �h�-�-���tvG�f�L��M"C6!&Z��n�Lr��� The weight of laptop is around 3 to 5 kg. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Mini computer is larger and more powerful computer than personal computer. /Group <> �qR�t�H�ҵT�1��� �t��w��. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Mini-computer. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS %PDF-1.4 They are more costly than laptop. In this article, we classified computers into four, namely: by generation, by size, by type, and by degree of versatility. 10 Types of Computers find this file in PDF format on our class CMPE12 1) History of Computers. § Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. Although personal computers are designed as sin… <> The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Classification Of Computers • • • • Micro-computers Minicomputers Mainframe computer Supercomputers Micro-c Briefly describe classification of computers. This article looked at the basic computer components and classification of computers. Computer Science HSEB Notes on Classification of Computer on the Basis of Size Class : 11 The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Classification of Computers size Technology Purpose Computer Mainframe Computer Mini Computer Micro Computer Digital Analog Hybrid General Purpose Special Purpose Desktop Laptop ... notes, organizing telephone numbers and ad-dresses. Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. MCQs <> Classification of Computer: Types of Computers. It can execute five million instructions per second. Chapter Name 01 Introduction to computers 02 Computer Components 03 Input / Output Devices 04 Storage Devices 05 Number System 06 ... Q#11: Define computer. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Computer Programming Pdf Notes 1st Year – CP Pdf Notes. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. Presented by: Aasim mushtaq 2. Monday, November 21, 2016 Classification of Computers by Type 2. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. Mini-computer •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. <> Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is considerable overlap: § Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. E-notes on Classification of Digital Computers Definition: A Computer A computer is an electronic device that accepts raw data, processes it according to a set of instructions and required to produce the desired result. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. The term ‘capacity’ refers to the volume of work or the data processing capability a computer can handle. Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. and peopleware. They can be held in hands. Fixed Point Representation. The History of Computers The history of computers is interesting perform many types of calculations Computer, Its Classification Generation of Computer vary in their sizes and types. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. Classification of Computers Types of Computers 1. II. BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS: Computer Organization pdf Notes. A Complete Key Book in PDF Format for Class 11 (XI) / HSSC / Intermediate. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us . �� /Parent 2 0 R Note that the 19th century contributions of automating ... into the first three generations of computers. /Outlines 203 0 R In terms of power, nowadays high-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and Dell. <> �q���5�s��a��d�5UM��D/k��Rz�,�� ��M�A�����H���>��ڗ�װV~S>�D�4��%�o��|��-|���c�Me�cb��y��G�'*�;��Q�ߠ4�8`IHΪF�T�R�i�h stream While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. •Minicomputer is usually designed to serve multiple users simultaneously. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. The set of instructions is called Program and can be written using artificial languages like Basic, FORTRAN, C, C++, Java etc. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. ]W�y�[�����#�7b�t�B�&(hocw�ߛq�S�s[L^���Q6;�H!��q�5��:괲~$���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q��]��14u�s����҅��bF�? Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. ��\�C�t���q���o[$W�֨��9���#�� R��iab�˥��`���h�͐F�pZtbn.�*L�*f݌�Ȣ��o�O���{R�|�n� Picture for a note on classification of computers (Mini computers) Exascale Supercomputer. ͿR��71��6�� D�۱w��?�od�M_�R~��e\A8ˣ�O�a���fbdI�b�O�܏,�)����� Computer Organization Pdf Free Download. A computer can be as big as an entire room or as small as a microcontroller found in mobiles and embedded systems. /ExtGState <> They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. Computer Types, Functional units, Basic operational concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, multiprocessors and multi computers. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. Palmtop A small computer that literally fits in your palm. Data types, Complements, Data Representation. Introduction to Computers . Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. 2. Tyrocity.com envisions the education system of the country to be redefined through active engagement, discussions, required assistance and by bringing the right information to your fingertips. %PDF-1.7 %���� The classification of generations has been done based on technology, speed, storage, reliability and cost. § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). 3. 5 0 obj The following figure illustrates the classification of computers based on different criteria. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Home » Fundamental » Computer » Classification. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] These Notes Key Book, Guide & Handouts with solved exercises are as per latest syllabus. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. Different-sized computers offer different services. /Contents 4 0 R • mainframe : A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. PCs are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. Computers are classify according to: Purpose Type of Data Handled Capacity 3. Classification of Computers - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. >> 4 0 obj affects the performance of a program for different tasks. Home » Networking » Communication » Classification of Computer Networks. Computer components include hardware, software. Class 11 Computer Notes are free and will always remain free. They are expensive than desktop. UNIT-I . The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. ���7׉�/Ä��0N\�B�\��g3��.��r��S�����f^"�]�g5�w(�:�P4E/�B��6���2���@���]�����.��������,�M�a���� 9=�qle��= a� ?�k28��Fw'� ^ ��d���y��-_A�e\TUWC�A��p���f��F���y����@ �ރm-j,��m�{_x.�vR��`���L|Vf��_E���0@z� The computers are broadly classified into four categories based on their size and type : (1) Microcomputers, (2) Minicomputers, (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. The computer systems can be classified on the following basis: 1. 3 0 obj XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. endobj For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Classification of Computer 1. Classification Of Computers. Exascale Supercomputer. WhatistheClassificationof Computer Computer are available in different shapes and weights, due to these different shapes and sizes they perform different sorts of jobs form one another. �[�t�����=�C}��8�H!MJ@�"���VI��I������DS����ZB8�tN�"��~_*�@�Q~ZK�>߸�K�i��P�u��\����G+'���� ��f����n�-V�«ͺj7��K�8!9�կl �����+�8�j�2�*:�~��aX�83Z��6}�V���������o5��JN�m��(��g͜a�+1��_��~��c�v��x���K ���M������3� "�x�8�RRu��k2���=Y!�iC�­~����e�1�Wg��gK���'���3g7>���ثa�4���3;BK����L8��NQT�#�2����rt��Ӥ|(4�-Pc��=lAB�;�� p*�}���\m���\Q~�2��^��/vB�9�; ]}�����ŋ�%�R�V��ar�鴂�>bش��K�2ǪH�m�k}�B��Q�¢�]����[N5��S���Lj�@?�&�x�a���ת��ˬG�c��{�����)�� r�K{��HZ'������=���0�e��N=�3M���PaFk��E�+�">�p��.og�k�C�U4��w���`q��a�^��ANt�ғգ^��,|2{)p���i���~Pt V"�41y8� N�W-�6w���&((��Ъ�%��v���`O��3�'w8����n(*AJ :��m+��A��F���h`�E�e�rjK��ː;����J^��B�Z��ރ�?��)i�^���A_��Z��X.K�9�[� ��L>>ɱUJV��QX9U���ss�*N���B��?m�y�@s^"���V��w@6���T{��j��R��� ����Pd8KG�\��x+���ʟ�I���-��KI! Mini Computers Mini computers were introduced in the 1960s. Analog computers represent variables by physical quantities. They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. endobj Classification of Computers It uses multiple number of CPU. A PC can be defined as a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. Make sure to comment down your experience regarding our website. It generally consists of two or more processors. Generation of Computer: Every stage of technological advancement in computer development is referred to as a ‘Generation of Computer’. -+�\����孹7%.�B_ >> Introduction to Computers . M.Sc Computer Science Computer Notes Class 9 . It has smaller •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. �\�%��k>�)����p&�m%_g���;�UU�7[�G���}�֊��&�6���D�I:P According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. § It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. COMPUTER PROGRAMMING,Generation and Classification of Computers- Basic Organization of a Ccmputer -Number System -Binary – Decimal – Conversion – Problems. Classification by Capacity Computers can be classified according to their capacity. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. Exercise 1. On the basis of data handling. /StructParents 0 There are different classifications of computers. Computer Science Notes for 1st Year for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad & Punjab Boards. /MediaBox [0 0 595.5600 842.0400] Learning Outcomes At t he end of the lesson, I should be able to: (1) Identify computers classified by type (2) State the characteristics of computers by types (3) State examples of computers by types In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. >> Wearable computer: - The size of this computer is very small so that it can be worn on the body. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate �����\��sS���ظ�5Ep.łF�S=JIh6a^7��&ۣ�nv>dM5���������*� �;�{�3�Siɓc����X�����SWx�Mv5��=���^w������a\�Hj�0��m�C��J�H�w�����4`r��pb�^.G��ue�����i=��3Fx��T鉆���B*�!�Q���TMW��� %�����s:��r�Vdb���� �H�NR���$�]R���4��X}�� Computers classification*** Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is Considerable overlap: • Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. 2. !�EЋsD� !��. computers are small in size. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. endobj On the basis of size. Starting from 1940s, computers’ performance, measured in terms of processing speed, storage capacity, accuracy of results, multi … Classification Of Computers. Compared to full-size computers, palmtops are severely limited, but they are practical for certain functions such as phone books and calendars. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Analog Computers Analog computers are used to process continuous data. 2 0 obj Classification of Computers Computers can be classified according to their functionality and size. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. Download link is provided below to The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . Classification of computers in relation to size divides computers into four main categories: mainframe computers, minicomputers, micro-computers and supercomputers. Of computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in sizes! 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types format on our CMPE12! 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