(Hey) I. Vowels . The phonology of 29 Letters in Vietnamese Alphabet. Note that Vietnamese syllable may also have the following structures: - Initial Consonant + Vowel: Chê bai (Criticize) - Vowel + Final Consonant: Ăn (Eat) - Vowel: Anh ơi! Therefore, it is a good idea to learn the Vietnamese alphabet and Vietnamese vowels well, before moving forward to learn the Vietnamese tones.. Then, some initial consonants change until now. Below you will find a list of Vietnamese vowels with accents. Each syllable carries a tone. Within the analysis, Hoa’s thesis provides breakdowns of the distribution of vowels and consonants with their allophones based on initial, medial, and final position of a word. Background on the Vietnamese Language: Consonants, Vowels, and Tones This brief description of the consonants, vowels, and tones of Vietnamese will be very simple. The final consonant can only be a voiceless stop or a nasal while any consonant (except p) can be in initial position. Vietnamese phonology 2.1 Consonants 2.2 Vowels 2.3 Tones . Vietnamese phonology. For a full profile of the language, the serious student can read A Vietnamese Grammar by Laurence C. Thompson (1965, University of Washington Press), the source of our summary. It even describes the prosodic features of the language. It includes a comprehensive phonemic analysis of Vietnamese, including tones, vowels, and consonants. 2. Vowel Clusters: Dipthongs and Tripthongs Final Sounds: Ending Consonants and Ending Vowels ***** Vietnamese Dipthongs and Tripthongs: Vietnamese diphthongs and tripthongs are sounds formed by the combination of two vowels or three vowels in a single syllable. ô like the first component of the diphthong 'ow' in "low": á-lô o o o o . Except f, j, w, and z, twenty-two letters come from the Roman alphabet.The seven modified letters are ă, â, đ, ê, ô, ơ, and ư.As in English, the order follows the Roman alphabetic convention. The vowels of Vietnamese, like the consonants, are by and large similar to parallel vowels in English. Again, though, they differ from their counterparts in subtle but noticeable ways. o . In this section, three major systems of sounds, consonants, vowels, and tones in the Hanoi speech of Vietnamese will be examined. Vowels consist of Single vowels, Double vowels and Triple Vowels. In the process of change, the final consonants go to change the syllabic endings and the initial consonant moves from mixed unvoiced and voiced consonant to separation. o « . This Middle Vietnamese is presumably close to the Hanoi variety as spoken sometime after 1600 but before the present. J-0 Vietnamese ^nonemes ©o.^ooooooooooo i^ IIo Initial Consonants and Vowel Combinations o o o o 43 IIIo Vowels and Final Consonant Combinations o o » « o 45 IVo Vietnamese and English Consonants » o o » o o . Chữ quốc ngữ now reflects a so-called Middle Vietnamese dialect that has vowels and final consonants most similar to northern dialects and initial consonants most similar to southern dialects (Nguyễn 1996). Vowels (11): Vietnamese has a relatively complex vowel system which includes five front-central vowels and six back vowels. Vietnamese does not allow consonant clusters. For example: ô + i = ôi as in t ôi (I) i + ê + u = iêu as in nh iều (many/much) letter of the alphabet is given first, then the sound it represents, then a Vietnamese example. The “accents” are part of the alphabets. o S6 Vo Consonant Distribution of Vietnamese and English ^7 VIo English (American) o . Vietnamese Vowels With Accents. The Vietnamese vowels include the same vowels that are used in English – a, e, i, o, u, and y. 1965. The Vietnamese alphabet consists of 29 letters. 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