You can travel to Spain if you are travelling from the European Union, from a country in the Schengen Area, or from another country which has a reciprocal agreement with Spain for accepting travellers. Amsterdam and those parts of the Netherlands north of the Rhine don't fall into the category. You can travel to Spain if you are travelling from the European Union, from a country in the Schengen Area, or from another country which has a reciprocal agreement with Spain for accepting travellers. On the borders between friendly nations, especially those in the European Union's Schengen zone, the separations seem almost non-existent, marked by no more than a line or a road sign. Spain is located at the Iberian Península, of which it occupies approximately 80% (the remaining 20% are occupied by Portugal), in the southwest of Europe. While France, Andorra and Portugal are the three official countries that border mainland Spain on the European continent, Spain does border the British territory of Gibraltar in the country's south and Gibraltar remains a point of contention between the United Kingdom and Spain. On the west, France borders Spain and Andorra. "[6], The theory of France's natural borders was commonplace in French textbooks until the mid-20th century. He married Infanta Isabel Luísa of Portugal who had recently been heir to Portugal. It has coastlines on the Bay of Biscay (a part of the Atlantic Ocean) and the Mediterranean Sea.Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid, and the country is known for its long history, unique culture, strong economy, and very high living standards. Most historians of France today reject the theory of France's natural borders. inakilarrea/Getty Images. France's territory was stretched beyond the Rhine by the annexation of the Kingdom of Holland (1810), and the north coast of Germany to Lübeck (1811), beyond the Pyrenees by the annexation of part of Catalonia (1812), and beyond the Alps by the annexation of parts of Italy between 1801 and 1805. The measures, also aimed at appeasing French resorts operators complaining of an uneven playing field, will apply to France's borders with Switzerland and Spain, where it is expected ski … But with the birth of her half-brother, the King of Portugal felt it was safe enough to marry her to the King of France. In the northeast, the Pyrenees mountains divide it from France and the rest of the European continent. The victories of Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy forced Austria to sign the treaty of Campo Formio on October 27, 1797. b. the Mediterranean Sea. ... image caption Louis XIV of France and Philip IV of Spain … They correspond to the Rhine, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, the Pyrenees and the Alps, according to the revolutionaries. France's "natural borders," in the ideology of 18th and 19th Century French nationalism, were Pyrenees, Alps, and the Rhine all the way to the sea. ‘the natural borders of france’ as a concept is not about the cultural aspect of belonging to a certain linguistic group or not, it defines a series of natural borders which would make france extremely defensible while also not overextending france far beyond the heartland. b. has an average altitude of 2,000 m. c. is surrounded by six river basins. Countries that border France to the east include Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. Prussia started the negotiations that finished with the first treaty of Basel, signed April 5, 1795, by which Prussia ceded to France its territories on the left bank of the Rhine. metropolitan France - total: 2751 . Later there would be some agreements on specific areas: the agreement signed in Perpignan in 1764, which established the boundaries between Empordà and Coll Pertús[2] and the Elizondo Treaty in 1785 establishing limits on the height of Aldudes is demarcated and Valcarlos. Until February 2019, advertised passenger carrying trains normally ran only from France to Port-Bou, whilst those from Spain normally ran only to Cerbère, i.e. They correspond to the Rhine , the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea , the Pyrenees and the Alps , … Not very. France will make random borders checks to stop people getting infected with COVID-19 by crossing into countries where ski resorts remain open, Prime Minister Jean Castex said on Wednesday. France did have various invasion plans for England but the objective was never to actually conquer England but either restore the Stuart dynasty (1690) or just force the British into accepting peace. Spain has an exclave in France, Llívia, in the Pyrénées-Orientales. Since the border is covered with mountains and lots of river, an advantage for the people who lived their was lots of fish and goat herding. France did have various invasion plans for England but the objective was never to actually conquer England but either restore the Stuart dynasty (1690) or just force the British into accepting peace. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. The Prussian Jean-Baptiste Cloots published that year the Wishes of a Gallophile (French: Vœux d'un gallophile) and pronounced himself in favor of the annexation by France of the left bank of the Rhine, "natural boundary of the Gauls" (French: borne naturelle des Gaules). c. Portugal. The bay borders Spain's northern shore from San Sebastian to Cabo de Peñas and is estimated to have a surface area of approximately 86,000 square miles, with a maximum depth of more than 15,500 feet. [2] Even so, it was not until 1786 when the idea was again developed. "Les limites de la France sont marquées par la nature, nous les atteindrons des quatre coins de l'horizon, du côté du Rhin, du côté de l'Océan, du côté des Pyrénées, du côté des Alpes. Nevertheless, the small territory is under British sovereignty. The border continues eastward along the Pyrenees to Andorra (42°36′13″N 1°26′30″E / 42.60361°N 1.44167°E / 42.60361; 1.44167). The cultural border of France is established by the reinforcement and attachment to the national identity and Republican values. The island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea is to the southeast, and it is technically part of France. c. Portugal. The France–Spain border was formally defined in 1659. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco, and wanted to take over Morocco as well. anyway the most recommended places and towns in France Spain border could be Andorra , Lanuza , Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port , Panticosa , Saint-Savin , Cauterets , Arreau , Benasque , Querforadat , Casteller de N’hug , Barruera and the Portbou . On October 26, an assembly of Savoyard élites met at Chambéry. trains ran empty in the opposite directions. After the victory of Valmy on September 20, 1792, the National Convention urged the soldiers to go after the Prussian armies of the other bank of the Rhine. The Revolution did away with the concept of ownership of political entities by individuals. France is bordered by 7 countries: by Belgium and Luxembourg in the northeast; by Germany, Switzerland and Italy in the east; and by Spain … After the victory at Fleurus, long debates took place at the Convention to decide the fate of the Austrian Netherlands. That brings the total to seven countries. The Iberian Peninsula is surrounded by two other bodies of water: the Atlantic Ocean forms the shores of the western and northern coastlines, while the Mediterranean Sea creates the boundary of the eastern shore. Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. [3], The final definition, that for the most part still in force, was conducted with the signing of the Bayonne Treaties between 1856 and 1868. The Franco-Spanish border runs for 656.3 kilometres (407.8 mi) between southwestern France and northeastern Spain. ‘the natural borders of france’ as a concept is not about the cultural aspect of belonging to a certain linguistic group or not, it defines a series of natural borders which would make france extremely defensible while also not overextending france far beyond the heartland. This would be followed by the Treaty of Llivia the following year, which transferred to France the sovereignty of several villages in the valley of Querol. For General Adam Philippe de Custine, commander of the Army of the Rhine, "if the Rhine is not the limit of the Republic, it will perish" (Si le Rhin n'est pas la limite de la République, elle périra). By imperializing Morocco, the French were able to protect French Algeria (Imperialism in North Africa: Introduction, Women in World History : MODULE 9). ... the cultural borders of French society are firmly established. It stretches from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea on the east to the Bay of Biscay on the Atlantic Ocean on the west. The Franco-Spanish border runs for 656.3 kilometres (407.8 mi) between southwestern France and northeastern Spain. The border between France, Spain and Andorra, formed by the Pyrenees, is characterised by its physical, geographical dimension. Maintaining this signaling runs either on behalf of both states. Only range that touches both the Mediterranean and Atlantic . Savoy and Nice were definitively annexed by France in 1860 by the Treaty of Turin. The natural border is the river Bidassoa, which flows into an estuary dividing the two countries. Natural borders of France: | | ||| | The |French First Republic| in 1800. b. has an average altitude of 2,000 m. c. is surrounded by six river basins. A government source said … According to University of California, Berkeley, historian Peter Sahlins, "as a model of French identity, it formed part of a constitutive myth of the state. I don't know the length of this border but I guess it can be estimated by adding the diameters of the 3 tubes of the tunnel: 2 for the traffic of 7.6m and one for security/ventilation of 4.8m). The natural borders of France (French: Frontières naturelles de la France) are a political and geographic theory developed in France, notably during the French Revolution. Frontiers with France and Portugal have been shut to most people since Spain went into lockdown to stem the spread of the coronavirus in mid-March, faced with what was then one of the world's worst outbreaks of the virus. The debate over France's borders continued throughout the nineteenth century. Pyrenees, the natural border between France and Spain Rila - Rhodope mountain system composed by massifs , including Pirin Mountain and Osogovo - Belasitsa mountain chain , mainly Bulgaria Šar - Korab - Jakupica - Baba - Kajmakčalan - Olympus , Albania, Northern Macedonia and Greece [7] 2 The Inner Plateau… a. is crossed by two mountain ranges. Another 45 cairns mark the border around Llivia; they are numbered anticlockwise from the number 1 at the entrance of the French road RD-68 in the enclave. For example Collioure or Carcassonne. Other borders are delineated by natural markers like rivers, or by man-made markers, like … The border continues eastward along the Pyrenees to Andorra (42°36′13″N 1°26′30″E / 42.60361°N 1.44167°E ). This annexation was confirmed by the Treaty of Campo Formio, by which the Austrian Empire ceded the Austrian Netherlands to France, followed by the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801. There are also some Picturesque French towns in the France Spain border which you can take your road trip there. The current world map is dotted with them – the Pyrenees between Spain and France, and the Andes between Chile and Argentina are obvious examples of borders set along mountain ranges. between the two fuels, gas generation went down. France is in the epicenter of Europe, with a variety of borders that have influenced the country. The Spain-France border is the second-longest international border of all Spain’s bordering countries. 3 The Pyrenees… a. are on … The natural borders of France (French: Frontières naturelles de la France) are a political and geographic theory developed in France, notably during the French Revolution. At this point, the small country interrupts the border between Spain and France for 63.7 kilometres (39.6 mi) on the Spanish side and 56 kilometres (35 mi) on the French side. After the first abdication of Napoleon on April 6, 1814, France lost, by the Treaty of Paris, all its territories conquered after 1792. The debate resurged in 1830 at the independence of Belgium and then between 1871 and 1918, when Alsace-Lorraine was annexed and incorporated by the German Empire. A government source said … This notion was influential among the French revolutionaries after 1790, notably among the Jacobins. 2 The Inner Plateau… a. is crossed by two mountain ranges. 3 The Pyrenees… a. are … Under the Consulate and the First French Empire, Napoleon expanded France to its theoretical natural borders through his conquests, mainly with the goal of controlling the coasts. France borders the northern part of Spain. We focus this trip not constantly changing from one hotel to another, and avoiding ski resorts. The Army of the Alps invaded Savoy, part of the Kingdom of Sardinia allied with Austria, and took it with very little resistance between the September 21 and 22, 1792. Then it continues eastward (42°30′09″N 01°43′34″E / 42.50250°N 1.72611°E / 42.50250; 1.72611) to the Mediterranean Sea at Cerbère in France and Portbou in Spain (42°26′09″N 03°10′26″E / 42.43583°N 3.17389°E / 42.43583; 3.17389). To the east, Spain borders… a. France. It separates the two countries from Hendaye and Irun in the west, running through the Pyrenees to Cerbère and Portbou on the Mediterranean Sea. The border starts at the Bay of Biscay near the towns of Hendaye and Irun and runs eastwards until it touches the Mediterranean Sea near the towns of Portbou and Cerbere, stretching a total length of 407.8 miles. Both were also founding members of the European Union. Factbook > Countries > France > Geography. In 1689 Louis XIV remarried always seeking to strengthen his position against Spain despite already being secretly married to Madame Maintenon. Discover France & Spain is a unique English-language showcase for France and Spain. France borders the northern part of Spain. The “biggest” and most obvious ones are, of course, Portugal and France. While France, Andorra and Portugal are the three official countries that border mainland Spain on the European continent, Spain does border the British territory of Gibraltar in the country's south and Gibraltar remains a point of contention between the United Kingdom and Spain. The boundaries of our Republic must be there. [4][6], "España asume la jurisdicción de la isla de los Faisanes, la más pequeña del mundo", Treaties of Bayonne of 1856, 1862, 1866 and 1868, "Convenio de 25 de abril de 1980 entre España y Francia para fijar la delimitación de la frontera en el interior del túnel transpirenaico Bielsa Aragnouet, hecho en París", "United Nations - Office of Legal Affairs", Franco-Dutch treaty on Saint Martin border controls, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=France–Spain_border&oldid=973094735, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Treaty of 1856, establishing the boundary between the provinces of, The treaty of 1862, which marked the boundaries in the provinces of, The treaty of 1866, which did the same from the valley of, This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 09:40. High mountain chains and seas or oceans are natural border. But the Rhine is no more a natural border than the Danube, the Dniepr, the Nile, the Mississipi, the Yangzi, the Amazon or … Pyrenees, Spanish Pirineos, French Pyrénées, Catalan Pireneus, mountain chain of southwestern Europe that consists of flat-topped massifs and folded linear ranges. Mountain lovers enjoy participating in this program that does not care about borders between Spain and France, and plays with the beauty of the vertical north face of Ordesa National Park.As always, we start with a visit to our San Sebastian and its gastronomic reputation. Even so, the French were beaten at the Battle of Neerwinden on March 18, 1793, and were forced to leave Belgium. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. [3] During the mandates of the Queen of Spain Isabel II and French emperor Napoleon III between the two countries were signed several agreements by which the border was established:[4], Later both countries concluded agreements under the same point. Its location is defined in the 1986 Treaty of Canturbery. You know, although often borders, rivers are not at all "natural" borders. After Waterloo, by the second Treaty of Paris in 1815, France was taken back to its 1790 borders and therefore lost Savoy. Interesting to know that both of these countries are member of European Union and their currency is EURO as well as there is not any checking inspection and gate at France Spain borders. Questions in other subjects: Mathematics, 20.11.2020 20:10. Andorra is enclosed in the Pyreness . France–Spain border; France–Suriname border; France–Switzerland border; Canada–France border; France–Venezuela border; France–Saint Lucia border; Length: 4,176 km; Different from: natural borders of France; Authority control Following the provisions of the treaties of Bayonne, the border is physically marked on the ground by 602 cairns showing the division between the two countries. The Iberian Peninsula is made up of the countries of Andorra, Portugal and Spain, in addition to a small piece of France and the British territory of Gibraltar. To the east, Spain borders… a. France. b. the Mediterranean Sea. In 1995, with the entry into force of Schengen Agreement, border controls for people and goods were abolished, thus ensuring freedom of movement across the border. Austria ceded to France all its territories to the west of the Rhine. Since the border is covered with mountains and lots of river, an advantage for the people who lived their was lots of fish and goat herding. There is a border between France and the UK located within the Eurotunnel. The convention finally voted for annexation of Belgium on October 1, 1795, creating the nine Belgian départements: Dyle, Deux-Nèthes, Escaut, Forêts, Jemmape, Lys, Ourte, Meuse-Inférieure, and Sambre-et-Meuse. To the south, France borders Andorra and Spain. "[1] According to Sahlins, "as a model of French identity, it formed part of a constitutive myth of the state."[1]. Belgium and France are close allies and share many cultural similarities. Sébastien Dubois, "La conquête de la Belgique et la théorie des frontières naturelles de la France (XVIIe ‑ XIXe siècle)," in Laurence Van Ypersele (dir. These countries are Australia, China, South Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, Singapore, Thailand and Uruguay. "[5], In his seminal lecture What Is a Nation?, wherein he criticizes primordialist accounts of the nation, French historian Ernest Renan argues against the notion that France's borders are natural. It’s exactly the five you mentioned. Stronghold of the Basques . Shortly after the start of the western border, following the course of Bidasoa River, Pheasant Island located in the middle of the river has a particular border regime: the island is a condominium whose sovereignty is shared between the two countries determined by if it is the first or the second half of a year.[1]. It begins in the west on the Bay of Biscay at the French city of Hendaye and the Spanish city of Irun (43°22′32″N 01°47′31″W / 43.37556°N 1.79194°W ). The border is, however, interrupted by Andorra for some 30 miles. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco, and wanted to take over Morocco as well. "[1], The first mention of the natural borders appeared in 1642 in an apocryphal statement by Cardinal Richelieu. He wrote, "The frontiers of France in 1789 had nothing natural or necessary about them. Cerbère SNCF - Port-Bou RENFE [E*] Lines of both gauges (1435 mm and 1668 mm) cross the border. In fact, the war against the United Kingdom rested partly on the ban on all commerce with Great Britain. On October 29, they pronounced the annexation of Savoy to France. East-West range . At this point, the small country interrupts the border between Spain and France for 63.7 kilometres (39.6 mi) on the … Spain's geographical position has greatly influenced its history. Questions in other subjects: Mathematics, 20.11.2020 20:10. The decisive French victory at the Battle of Fleurus in July 1794 and the founding of the Batavian Republic in January 1795 confirmed the French occupation of Belgium. France is a country located in North Western Europe. The formal layout of the Franco-Spanish border dates back to the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees between the kingdoms of Spain and France in 1659. The assembly ceased to recognise Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia as the sovereign. It appeals to all those who have a relationship with or a connection... We are excited to announce that Discover Southern Europe is now Discover France & Spain. Natural boundary between France and Spain . The natural borders of France (French: Frontières naturelles de la France) are a political and geographic theory developed in France, notably during the French Revolution.They correspond to the Rhine, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, the Pyrenees and … The Pyrenees, extending from the eastern edge of the Cordillera Cantabrica to the Mediterranean Sea, form a solid barrier and a natural border between Spain and both France and Andorra that, throughout history, has effectively isolated the countries from each other. The French government reorganised the newly enlarged left bank of the Rhine and created four new departments: Mont-Tonnerre, Rhin-et-Moselle, Roer and Sarre. These countries are Australia, China, South Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, Singapore, Thailand and Uruguay. The Spain-France border is the second-longest international border of all Spain’s bordering countries. Là doivent finir les bornes de notre République. By imperializing Morocco, the French were able to protect French Algeria (Imperialism in North Africa: Introduction, Women in World History : MODULE 9). It begins in the west on the Bay of Biscay at the French city of Hendaye and the Spanish city of Irun (43°22′32″N 01°47′31″W / 43.37556°N 1.79194°W / 43.37556; -1.79194). The Pyrenees (les Pyrénées), stretch from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean coasts in the south of France, marking the border between France and Spain, with the tiny country of Andorra nestled in the mountains.The mountain range is 270 miles (430 km) long with its widest point at 80 miles (129 km). The Most Complex International Borders in the World - Duration: 11:54. In 1980 an agreement was signed to define the border into the Bielsa-Aragnouet tunnel,[5] and 1984, during the construction of the road linking the Roncal Valley with Arette, it was agreed a mutual transfer of land of 2710 m2.[6]. On the east, France borders Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany, and on the south it borders Switzerland and Italy. [1] According to University of California, Berkeley, historian Peter Sahlins, "most historians of France today dismiss the "doctrine" of natural frontiers as too teleological a reading of France's history. Eight countries border mainland France, but if one factors in its overseas territories and departments, such as French Guiana, its number of land borders jumps to 11. Mostly thanks to a sunny climate, beautiful historic cities, and clean beaches, Spain is one of the world's most visited countries. Jules Michelet, in his History of France, saw in it a deterministic cause of the history of France. Not very. The natural borders of France (French: Frontières naturelles de la France) are a political and geographic theory developed in France, notably during the French Revolution. In 1812, France had 130 departments (134 including the four departments in Catalonia, which were only partially integrated). WonderWhy Recommended for … On January 31, 1793, the Convention annexed the County of Nice and the Principality of Monaco to form the département of Alpes-Maritimes. France also borders the small country called Monaco. Spain is a country found on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe with coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The Franco-Spanish border runs for 656.3 kilometres (407.8 mi) between southwestern France and northeastern Spain. In the north Spain borders on France and Andorra, with the Pyrenees as a natural frontier. The Pyrenees — between France and Spain. "Travel like a Local" France-Spain Immersion: an intimate escorted 7-day tour of the French-Spanish borderland for discerning travelers who want to get away from the tourist hotspots, and discover authentic France, experience real French culture and eat in great restaurants along the way. The southern part of the peninsula borders the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates the peninsula from North Africa. Most historians of France today reject the theory of France's natural borders. ... Mont Dolent — between Italy, Switzerland, and France… One of Europe’s most difficult ranges to cross . A trip designed for less travelled areas looking for mountain lakes … France only kept a small part of Savoy. Nevertheless, the small territory is under British sovereignty. Throughout its history, Spain has had an important influence on European culture, a trend that continues to this day. ", Last edited on 22 November 2020, at 17:30, 130 departments of the First French Empire, "Natural Frontiers Revisited: France's Boundaries since the Seventeenth Century", "Janvier 1595 : Henri IV veut couper le Camino Español en Franche-Comté", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Natural_borders_of_France&oldid=990074102, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [8] Pushed by Merlin de Douai, the Convention feared that a separate Belgian republic, along the lines of the Batavian Republic, would be too weak to resist the British and the Austrians, and would become a buffer state against the French republic. It constitutes an obstacle to the development of cross-border transport, limits the exchanges and the volume of flows on both sides of the border. This unification was decreed by the Convention on November 17, 1792, and Savoy became the département of Mont-Blanc. In the UK, it collapsed by 31 per cent, in France, it was down by 18 per cent, in Italy by 13 per cent and in Belgium by 7 per cent. Spain is located in southwestern Europe. France became one state rather than the aggregate of a mosaic of semi-states. The natural borders of France (French: Frontières naturelles de la France) are a political and geographic theory developed in France, notably during the French Revolution. On the southeast and east, Spain borders the Mediterranean Sea, with the Strait of Gibraltar narrowly separating it from North Africa. This was demanded by Georges Jacques Danton on January 21, 1793, justifying that "the limits of France are marked by nature, we will reach the four corners of the horizon, to the edge of the Rhine, to the edge of the ocean, to the edge of the Pyrenees, to the edge of the Alps. Spain/France by Road - the Border - La Jonquera, Le Perthus, Le Boulou ... 17:43. * Natural borders of France France long sought to attain and preserve its "natural boundaries", which were the Pyrenees to the southwest, the Alps to the southeast, and the Rhine River to the northeast. To the north of France is Belgium, a country known for its high standard of living and safety. Spain is bordered by the Bay of Biscay, the Balearic Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Alboran Sea; Portugal to the west and France and Andorra to the north. They correspond to the Rhine, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, the Pyrenees and … Here you’ll find influences from Belgium in the north; Germany in Alsace; Switzerland and Italy to the east and south-east and the different cultures of Spain at the border that runs along the Pyrenees. They correspond to the Rhine , the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea , the Pyrenees and the Alps , according to the revolutionaries. Frontiers with France and Portugal have been shut to most people since Spain went into lockdown to stem the spread of the coronavirus in mid-March, faced with what was then one of the world's worst outbreaks of the virus. ), Denis Richet, "Frontières naturelles", in, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 17:30. Danton's rhetoric was spread throughout the occupied territories by the representatives of the Convention and the local supporters of the French,[7] in order to prepare and justify the annexation of the territories. Touches both the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic . If like me you're a bit of a map geek, and have further spent far too much free time playing strategy games, you'll be familiar with natural borders. [4] On December 17, the Convention adopted the Declaration of the French Revolutionary Administration of Conquered Lands (French: Décret sur l'administration révolutionnaire française des pays conquis), prelude to the annexation of Belgium by France. Mountain lovers enjoy participating in this program that does not care about borders between Spain and France, and plays with the beauty of the vertical north face of Ordesa National Park.As always, we start with a visit to our San Sebastian and its gastronomic reputation. The Iberian Peninsula is made up of the countries of Andorra, Portugal and Spain, in addition to a small piece of France and the British territory of Gibraltar. Land boundaries: border countries (8): Andorra 55 km, Belgium 556 km, Germany 418 km, Italy 476 km, Luxembourg 69 km, Monaco 6 km, Spain 646 km, Switzerland 525 km . The natural borders of France (French: Frontières naturelles de la France) are a political and geographic theory developed in France, notably during the French Revolution.They correspond to the Rhine, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, the Pyrenees and the Alps, according to the revolutionaries.. 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