In northwest Japan are thick quaternary deposits. [144] The eruption is rated a 5 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index.[145]. Reclamation of 80% to 90% of all the tidal flatland was done. It is the worst volcanic disaster in the country's recorded history. [44], The subduction zone is where the oceanic crust slides beneath the continental crust or other oceanic plates. The pyroclastic flows could reach much of Kyushu. [141][142] The Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji did not have a lava flow, but it did release some 800 million cubic metres (28×10^9 cu ft) of volcanic ash. [68] A 400-kilometre (250 mi) stretch of coastline dropped vertically by 0.6 metres (2 ft 0 in), allowing the tsunami to travel farther and faster onto land. [86] As of 2019, the methane clathrate in the deep sea remains unexploited, because the necessary technology is not established yet. It is more than 11 times the land area of the country. [5] Multiple long undersea mountain ranges stretch from Japan's main islands to the south. Tokyo Weather Forecasts. Small earthquakes happen on a daily basis somewhere in Japan, … Our interactive map allows you to see the local & national weather The Mongols tried to invade Japan twice and failed in 1274 and 1281. [23] In modern times, the inflow of people is managed via the seaports and airports. Get the Japan weather forecast. Since there is little level ground, many hills and mountainsides at lower elevations around towns and cities are often cultivated. Overview of Japan's climate; Click on an area of interest on the right map to view regional details. Weather, Climate & Earthquake Information, Climate and Outlook in Japan (Tokyo Climate Center website). [97] The Quasi-National Parks have slightly less beauty, size, diversity, or preservation. The Senkaku Islands are claimed by Japan but disputed by China. The Japanese can close their civilization with an isolationist foreign policy. In the January, it goes down to 10℃ (50°F) during the daytime and 2-3℃ (35.6-37.4°F) in the morning and at night. The Kanto region alone is estimated to have over 400 billion cubic meters of natural gas reserves. Hokkaido is near Sakhalin, which was occupied by Japan from 1905 to 1945. [13] In 2010, 90.7% of the total Japanese population lived in cities. According to a 2014 study by KOBEC of Kobe University, in a worst-case scenario if there is a VEI-7 eruption of the Aso Caldera and if the volcanic ash is carried by westerly winds, then pyroclastic flows would cover the 7 million population near the Aso Caldera within two hours. It increases in area due to volcanic eruptions such as Nishinoshima (西之島), the natural expansion of the islands, and land reclamation. Depending on the experience you’re after, each season offers its own unique conditions and attractions however, the best time to visit Japan is generally spring or autumn when the weather is fine and mild. The other 50% has a depth of 4,000 m (13,000 ft) to over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). [16] The 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed over 140,000 people. This rubble was processed, and when it had the appropriate radiation levels it was used as landfill to build new artificial islands in Tokyo Bay. It is used to build man-made islands in harbors and embankments in inland areas. Thus it has not naturally filled with sediment. [72] The onset of formation of the Japan Arc was in the Early Miocene (23 million years ago). The rise in water temperature in the Sea of Japan and associated ecosystem migrations are occurring in the context of a global rise in sea surface temperature of 0.18° F (0.1° C) per decade since 1901. The lowest was −41.0 °C (−41.8 °F) in Asahikawa on 25 January 1902. All other prefectures have coasts on the Pacific Ocean, Sea of Japan, Seto Inland Sea or have a body of salt water connected to them. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima). "Terrestrial invasion of pomatiopsid gastropods in the heavy-snow region of the Japanese Archipelago". [13] Japan is located in the northwestern Ring of Fire on multiple tectonic plates. [24], Japan has 108 active volcanoes. The Pacific Plate moves under the Okhotsk Plate to the north. [16] The islands are also affected by typhoons. The Ocean Spiral was co-developed with JAMSTEC and Tokyo University.[124][125]. Port Island, Rokkō Island and Kobe Airport were built in Kobe. [63] Erosion and shifting sands caused the new island to merge with Nishinoshima. Precipitation is very heavy in the south and heavy in the summer in the north. Japan also has special search and rescue units to save people in distress.[154]. The average winter temperature in Japan is 5.1 °C (41.2 °F) and the average summer temperature is 25.2 °C (77.4 °F). They occasionally reach above the sea surface as islands. 81% of the population lives on Honshu, 10% on Kyushu, 4.2% on Hokkaido, 3% on Shikoku, 1.1% in Okinawa Prefecture and 0.7% on other Japanese islands such as the Nanpō Islands. The coastal length is about 7,600 km (4,700 mi) with the largest part (3,240 km or 2,010 mi) belonging to Russia. [153], Since recording started in 1951, an average of 2.6 typhoons reached the main islands of Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu and Hokkaido per year. The lowest was −41.0 °C (−41.8 °F) in Asahikawa on 25 January 1902. [24], Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunami, occur several times each century. The Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry is exploring over 40 locations for potential geothermal energy plants. [74] The continental shelves of the sea are wide on the eastern shores along Japan. [67] This made some sections of Japan's landmass wider than before. There are no successful commercial ventures that mine the deep sea yet. The capital Tokyo and the largest metropolitan population is located there. Current weather in Tokyo and forecast for today, tomorrow, and next 14 days [103] As of 2017, there are 1,027 Natural Monuments (天然記念物, tennen kinenbutsu) and 410 Places of Scenic Beauty (名勝, meishō). Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima). [69] A report by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, published in Science on 2 December 2011, concluded that the seabed in the area between the epicenter and the Japan Trench moved 50 metres (160 ft) east-southeast and rose about 7 metres (23 ft) as a result of the quake. The only other developed nations with such a high forest cover percentage are Finland and Sweden.[12]. Pacific Ocean: the climate varies greatly between the north and the south, but generally winters are significantly milder and sunnier than those of the side that faces the Sea of Japan. There are large quantities of marine life and mineral resources in the ocean and seabed of Japan. The geographical location of the Japanese archipelago has defined the Sea of Japan for millions of years. (2005). What is Winter in Japan Like? The following are the 10 largest lakes of Japan. [33], Approximately 0.5% of Japan's total area is reclaimed land (umetatechi). Generally, this is a hot and humid time to visit Japan, with temperatures often exceeding 85 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees … Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis occur several times per century. [119] It has a total population of approximately 81,859,345 (2016). Japan's mining law restricts offshore oil and gas production. The five main islands of Japan are Hokkaidō, Honshū, Kyūshū, Shikoku and Okinawa. Kunashiri and the Habomai Islands are visible from the northeastern coast of Hokkaido. [93] Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011, the nuclear reactors were shut down. [87], In 2018, 250 km (160 mi) south of Minami-Tori-shima at 5,700 m (18,700 ft) deep, approximately 16 million tons of rare-earth minerals were discovered by JAMSTEC in collaboration with Waseda University and the University of Tokyo. [24] Minor tremors occur almost daily in one part of the country or another, causing slight shaking of buildings. [2][83] The oil crisis in 1973 encouraged the efficient use of energy. The regions are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. [118] It encompasses two thirds of the Ryukyu Islands over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) long. The insular geography is a major factor for the isolationist, semi-open and expansionist periods of Japanese history. [18] It is the 11th most populous country in the world and second most populous island country. [71] The Japanese archipelago had a taiga biome (open boreal woodlands). [15] The continuous subduction process causes frequent earthquakes, tsunami and stratovolcanoes. It runs parallel to Japan's volcanic arc, passing through central Honshū to near Nagoya, through Mikawa Bay, then through the Seto Inland Sea from the Kii Channel and Naruto Strait to Shikoku along the Sadamisaki Peninsula and the Bungo Channel and Hōyo Strait to Kyūshū. [8] The 5 main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa. [citation needed] It began in the 12th century. Access hourly, 10 day and 15 day forecasts along with up to the minute reports and videos from AccuWeather.com January February March April May June July August September October November December; Avg. [117] It has the third largest population of the five main islands with 5,383,579 (2015)[9][109] and the lowest population density with just 64.5 km2 (24.9 sq mi) (2016). Record lows for any month were taken as recent as 1984. These are the Aira Caldera, Kikai Caldera and Aso Caldera. [Legend] Highest Temperature / Lowest Temperature / Probability of Precipitation Hokkaido Area Hokkaido For example, during the 20th century several new volcanoes emerged, including Shōwa-shinzan on Hokkaido and Myōjin-shō off the Bayonnaise Rocks in the Pacific. ", "Japan's international cooperation for energy efficiency and conservation in Asian region", "Centuries worth of rare earth elements found in Japan's EEZ", "Japan National Aquaculture Sector Overview", "World fisheries production, by capture and aquaculture, by country (2010)", "Japan nuclear power-free as last reactor shuts", "Is Japan the Next Boom Market for the Geothermal Energy Industry? Japan is generally a rainy country with high humidity. [73] The south part of the Japanese archipelago remained as a relatively large landmass. [24] There is a marked rainy season, beginning in early June and continuing for about a month. volcanic eruptions, tsunami, earthquakes and typhoons, air pollution; acidification of lakes and reservoirs; overfishing; deforestation, Source 2: nbakki.hatenablog.com/archive/category/Nature. There was still several kilometers of sea to the west of the Ryukyu islands, and most of the Sea of Japan was open sea with a mean depth of 1,752 m (5,748 ft). [14] The Strait of Tartary and the Korea Strait opened much later. [68] The areas of Japan closest to the epicenter experienced the largest shifts. The Exclusive Economic Zone of Japan covers 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi) and is the 8th largest in the world. Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture. Thus enough heat could be extracted to prevent an eruption. However this can be very costly, so for a private residential block of land, a Swedish weight sounding test is more common. [27], Another important plain is the Sendai Plain around the city of Sendai in northeastern Honshū. There is controversy as to whether the Sea of Japan became a huge cold inland lake. While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond with the eight regions. There is one time zone in the whole Japanese archipelago. [24] On the Pacific side are steep mountains 1,500 to 3,000 meters high, with deep valleys and gorges. Reclaimed land and man-made islands are particularly susceptible to liquefaction during an earthquake. [115] It has the second highest population density of 307.13 km2 (118.58 sq mi) (2016). The climate of the Ogasawara Island chain ranges from a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification, The climate of the Ryukyu Islands ranges from humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification, The Aira Caldera is 17 kilometers long and 23 km wide located in south Kyushu. The climate varies from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical and tropical rainforest in the south. Conditions are different between the Pacific side and the Sea of Japan side. Interactive weather map allows you to pan and zoom to get unmatched weather details in your local neighbourhood or half a world away from The Weather Channel and Weather.com These are the 50 largest islands of Japan. [24] Extensive civil defence efforts focus on training in protection against earthquakes, in particular against accompanying fire, which represents the greatest danger. [26] Nearly one fourth of Japan's arable land and 22% of Japan's forests are in Hokkaido. The Taiheiyō Belt is a megalopolis that includes the Greater Tokyo Area and Keihanshin megapoles. [6] Japan captured 4,074,580 metric tons of fish in 2005, down from 4,987,703 tons in 2000 and 9,864,422 tons in 1980. These plains had the largest agricultural production and large bays with ports for fishing and trade. [2] Japan is scarce in critical natural resources and has long been heavily dependent on imported energy and raw materials. [68] On 6 April, the Japanese coast guard said that the earthquake shifted the seabed near the epicenter 24 metres (79 ft) and elevated the seabed off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture by 3 metres (9.8 ft). Sakhalin uses UTC+11:00 even though it is located above Hokkaido. Unzen erupted in 1792 and killed more than 15,000 people. [143] In Edo, the volcanic ash was several centimeters thick. There have been several devastating earthquakes in the last 100 years, including the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. The southern half of Honshu, Shikoku and most of Kyushu are located on the Amurian Plate. [30][29] It has consistently carried water for millions of years. [88], Japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch (2014). The deepest, and thus the last to close, was the western channel of the Korea Strait. [62], During the 2013 eruption southeast of Nishinoshima, a new unnamed volcanic island emerged from the sea. Thus Japan's industrial sector became even more dependent than before on imported fossil fuels. Northern Japan has warm summers and very cold winters with heavy snow on the Sea of Japan side and in mountainous areas. [1] Japan has the 6th longest coastline in the world (29,751 km (18,486 mi)). Sunshine, in accordance with Japan's uniformly heavy rainfall, is generally modest in quantity, though no part of Japan receives the consistently gloomy fogs that envelope the Sichuan Basin or Taipei. Click to zoom and see all forecast periods: [7] It consists of 6,852 islands. [9][114] As of 2016[update], Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi). [91] In 2010, Japan's total fisheries production was 4,762,469 fish. In 2018 NASA published a theoretical plan to prevent a volcanic eruption by pumping large quantities of cold water down a borehole into the hydrothermal system of a supervolcano. The daytime temperature is going to reach 10 °c and the temperature is going to dip to 5 °c at night. Osaka and Nagoya extend inland from their bays until they reach steep mountains. [14] East of the Japanese archipelago are three oceanic trenches. Click on pins to show readings. Lake Biwa was created by plate tectonics in an active rift zone. [11], The terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous with 66% forest. The most destructive was Isewan Typhoon with 5,000 casualties in the Tokai region in September 1959. Mount Fuji broke the Japanese record lows for each month except January, February, March, and December. The U.S. Senate Resolution of April 28, 1952, ratifying of the San Francisco Treaty, explicitly stated that the USSR had no title to the Kurils. Tokyo, Japan visibility is going to be around 8 km i.e. [24] The Pacific coastline north of Tokyo, the coast of Hokkaidō, and the Sea of Japan coast are generally unindented, with few natural harbors. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. The island area ranks 21st in the world by area. Japan considers the northern territories (aka Southern Chishima) part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture. [24], Central Japan is marked by the convergence of the three mountain chains—the Hida, Kiso, and Akaishi mountains—that form the Japanese Alps (Nihon Arupusu), several of whose peaks are higher than 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). There are many farms that produce a plethora of agricultural products. [73] The Early Miocene period was when the Sea of Japan started to open, and the northern and southern parts of the Japanese archipelago separated from each other. Technology is needed to accurately capture the state of the magma chamber that spreads thinly with a thickness of less than several kilometers around the middle of the crust. The five main islands are (from north to south) Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. There are plans to build underwater habitats in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone. [95], On 3 July 2018, Japan's government pledged to increase renewable energy sources from 15% to 22–24% including wind and solar by 2030. Weather map: Temperature. It is considered a mature island arc. [34], Japan has become a world leader in research on causes and prediction of earthquakes. The land bridge disappeared when the sea levels rose in the Jōmon period around 10,000 BCE.[22]. 19% has a depth of 0 to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). This is why currently Japan has very limited proven reserves like crude oil. The Japanese archipelago is surrounded by eight ocean currents. [34], There is a risk of contamination on artificial islands with landfill and reclaimed land if there was industry that spilled (toxic) chemicals into the ground. Weather patterns and temperatures vary across the country but generally, the best time to visit Japan is spring (March & April) or autumn (October & November), when days are sunny and dry. In October 2004, Typhoon Tokage caused heavy rain in Kyushu and central Japan with 98 casualties. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. The largest part of Japan has a temperate maritime climate and most of the country has four distinct seasons. The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaido from Honshu. It is the remains of the ancient eruption of a colossal volcano. In total, as of 2018, Japan's territory is 377,975.24 km2 (145,937.06 sq mi), of which 364,545.24 km2 (140,751.70 sq mi) is land and 13,430 km2 (5,190 sq mi) water. Most regions of Japan, such as much of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, belong to the temperate zone with humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by four distinct seasons. As Japan is situated in a volcanic zone along the Pacific deeps, frequent low-intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. World Temperatures Forecast Map with Color Coded Temperatures Showing Tomorrow's Forecasted Highs for the Day Covering the Entire World. [32], Extensive coastal shipping, especially around the Seto Inland Sea, compensates for the lack of navigable rivers. The Sea of Japan has a surface area of 978,000 km2 (378,000 sq mi), a mean depth of 1,752 m (5,748 ft) and a maximum depth of 3,742 m (12,277 ft). [90] In 2003, the total aquaculture production was predicted at 1,301,437 tonnes. Appropriately 40 cubic kilometers of magma would be released in one burst and cause enormous damage.[151]. Owing to both the high humidity and the so called "urban heat island" effect, the heat is hardly bearable in Tokyo, Osaka and in the big cities of southern Honshu and Kyushu. Beginning in June, repeated collapse of this erupting dome generated ash flows that swept down the mountain's slopes at speeds as high as 200 km/h (120 mph). [24] The Pacific coastline south of Tokyo is characterized by long, narrow, gradually shallowing inlets produced by sedimentation, which has created many natural harbors. Large land reclamation projects with landfill were done in coastal areas for maritime and industrial factories, such as Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki, Osaka Bay and Nagasaki Airport. Maximum precipitation, like the rest of East Asia, occurs in the summer months except on the Sea of Japan coast where strong northerly winds produce a maximum in late autumn and early winter. Contact us; Support; Advertisers; Explore. Until the 1960s the death toll was hundreds of people per typhoon. In an area that was possibly reclaimed in the past, old maps and land condition drawings are checked and drilling is carried out to determine the strength of the ground. This made Hokkaido the most agriculturally rich prefecture of Japan. On average, the temperature in Tokyo during winter is about 12℃ (53.6°F) during the daytime, and 5℃ in the morning and at night. Japan's varied geographical features divide it into six principal climatic zones. [111][112] The area is 13,500 km2 (5,200 sq mi)[113] and has a population density of 2,642 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi). The Kantō Plain became Japan's center of power, because it is the largest plain with a central location and historically it had the most agricultural production that could be taxed. Since the 1960s improvements in construction, flood prevention, high tides detection and early warnings substantially reduced the death toll which rarely exceeds a dozen people per typhoon. During the glacial maximum the marine elevation was 200 meters lower than present. [101][102] Most natural islands have mountain ranges in the center with coastal plains. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake was the largest ever recorded in Japan and is the world's 4th largest earthquake to strike since 1900, according to the U.S. Geological Service. [70], During the Pleistocene (2.58 million years BCE) glacial cycles, the Japanese islands may have occasionally been connected to the Eurasian Continent via the Korea Strait and the Korean Peninsula or Sakhalin. If you go to the regions list above and then click on the relevant area this will show all locations. Comparatively, most of the Yellow Sea (Yellow Plane) had a semi-arid climate (dry steppe), because it was relatively shallow with a mean depth of 44 m (144 ft). [16] In 1991, Japan's Unzen Volcano on Kyushu about 40 km (25 mi) east of Nagasaki, awakened from its 200-year slumber to produce a new lava dome at its summit. Thus historically Kyushu was the gateway between Asia and Japan. Between July and October, typhoons, grown from tropical depressions generated near the equator, can attack Japan with furious rainstorms. The Greater Tokyo Area on Honshu is the largest metropolitan area (megacity) in the world with 38,140,000 people (2016). [2], Japan has the third largest geothermal reserves in the world. The coolest summer temperatures are found on the northeastern coast of Hokkaidō in Kushiro and Nemuro Subprefectures. The annual average SST around Japan has risen by +1.14°C over the last 100 years, which exceeds the corresponding figure for the global ocean and the North Pacific (+0.55 and +0.53°C, respectively) and is similar to that for surface air temperature in Japan (+1.24°C). New Year is one of Japan's three major travel seasons with intensive domestic and international travel activity. The highest temperature ever measured in Japan, 41.1 °C (106.0 °F), was recorded on … Thus Japan is fairly insulated from continental issues. [133] This dispute has prevented the signing of a peace treaty between Japan and Russia. The highest classification are 75 Special Natural Monuments (特別天然記念物, tokubetsu tennen kinenbutsu) and 36 Special Places of Scenic Beauty (特別名勝, tokubetsu meishō). Miyazaki, S. and Heki, K. (2001) Crustal velocity field of southwest Japan: Subduction and arc-arc collision. Mount Aso is the largest active volcano in Japan. If the volcanic ash continuously flows eastward, then the ash fall would make it impossible to live in most parts of Japan (the main islands) because of a paralysis of traffic and lifelines for a limited period until the eruption subsides. In 1915, the New Three Views of Japan were selected with a national election by the Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha (株式会社実業之日本社). It excludes the disputed Kuril islands known as the northern territories. These islands were occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945. The underground area of Kyushu must be monitored, because it is a dangerous area with a potential caldera eruption. At least 100 aftershocks registering a 6.0 magnitude or higher have followed the main shock. the East Asian continent or South-East Asia. Company. The easternmost Japanese island Minami-Tori-shima also uses Japan Standard Time while it is geographically 1,848 kilometres (1,148 mi) southeast of Tokyo and in the UTC+10:00 time zone. [49], The MTL moves right-lateral strike-slip, at about 5–10 millimeters per year. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. Japan's highest mountain is Mount Fuji, with an elevation of 3,776 m (12,388 ft). [61] It is the most active volcano in Japan. Two prefectures—Hokkaido and Okinawa—are composed entirely of islands. Hot springs are numerous and have been exploited as an economic capital by the leisure industry. These subduction plates have pulled Japan eastward and opened the Sea of Japan by back-arc spreading around 15 million years ago. Japan experiences most of its rainfall during the summer months, beginning in June. This will help Japan meet climate change commitments. The Japan Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 10 days. The Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments are selected by the government via the Agency for Cultural Affairs in order to protect Japan's cultural heritage. [20], The Japanese archipelago is relatively far away from the Asian continent. The Kantō Plain, Osaka Plain and Nōbi Plain are the most important economic, political and cultural areas of Japan. [92] Offshore fisheries accounted for an average of 50% of the nation's total fish catches in the late 1980s although they experienced repeated ups and downs during that period.[24]. [25] This evolved into the capital of Tokyo by 1868. The country's rainy seasons usually lasts just three or four weeks and is the typical time for rice-planting. So currently there are few deep sea mining projects to retrieve minerals or deepwater drilling on the ocean floor. The parts of islands facing the Pacific Ocean's Plate are typically younger and display a larger proportion of volcanic products, while island parts facing the Sea of Japan are mostly heavily faulted and folded sedimentary deposits. The Japanese archipelago grows gradually because of perpetual tectonic plate movements, earthquakes, stratovolcanoes and land reclamation in the Ring of Fire. The Japan Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. The largest is the Kantō Plain which covers 17,000 km2 (6,600 sq mi) in the Kantō region. [94] Shinzo Abe’s government seeks to restart the nuclear power plants that meet strict new safety standards and is emphasizing nuclear energy's importance as a base-load electricity source. In 2003, the Three Major Night Views of Japan were selected by the New Three Major Night Views of Japan and the 100 Night Views of Japan Club (新日本三大夜景・夜景100選事務局). Summers are hot because of the southeast seasonal wind. By 1977, the amount of land reclaimed totaled 172.03 square kilometres (66.42 sq mi).[35]. ", "World review of fisheries and aquaculture", "離島とは(島の基礎知識) (what is a remote island? The Tokugawa Shogunate established a bakufu in Kamakura in 1603. Honshū (本州) is the largest island of Japan and the 2nd most populous island in the world. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for … It is estimated that there are approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of methane clathrate in the eastern Nankai Trough of Japan. During the 20th century several new volcanoes emerged, including Shōwa-shinzan on Hokkaido and Myōjin-shō off the Bayonnaise Rocks in the Pacific. During the summer months (May to September), the cities are hot and humid, with heavy rainfall … [71], The Sea of Japan was a landlocked sea when the land bridge of East Asia existed circa 18,000 BCE. [110] This makes it slightly larger than the island of Great Britain 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi).[110]. [8][9] This includes the Bonin Islands, Daitō Islands, Minami-Tori-shima, Okinotorishima, the Ryukyu Islands, the Volcano Islands, Nansei Islands, and the Nanpō Islands, as well as numerous islets, of which 430 are inhabited. [34] The village of Ogata in Akita, was established on land reclaimed from Lake Hachirōgata (Japan's second largest lake at the time) starting in 1957. There are technological hurdles to mine at such extreme depths and to limit the ecological impact. [150] The potential exists for tens of millions of humans and other living beings to die during a VEI-7 volcanic eruption with significant short-term effects on the global climate. At least 15,000 people died as a result. Approximately 10.3 typhoons approach within the 300 kilometer range near the coast of Japan. Toxic substances were discovered in the soil and groundwater at Toyosu. As there are so many locations in Japan the list below shows only larger towns and cities. [11] The Exclusive Economic Zone stretches from the baseline out to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its coast. [66], The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami caused portions of northeastern Japan to shift by 2.4 metres (7 ft 10 in) closer to North America. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. [24] Undersea earthquakes also expose the Japanese coastline to danger from tsunamis (津波). At the time Japan did not have nuclear technology. [44] The Japan Basin has an oceanic crust and it is the deepest part of the sea, whereas the Tsushima Basin is the shallowest with depths below 2,300 m (7,500 ft). 300,000 to 90,000 years ago there were four eruptions of Mount Aso which emitted huge amounts of volcanic ash that covered all of Kyushu and up to Yamaguchi Prefecture. Many shops, restaurants and tourist attractions are closed for at least one day between December 29 and January 4. Kikai Caldera was the source of the, All Geography of Japan information taken from the, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 03:01. [24] The result is a flow of cold air southeastward across Japan that brings freezing temperatures and heavy snowfalls to the central mountain ranges facing the Sea of Japan, but clear skies to areas fronting on the Pacific.[24]. [9] It has the smallest population of 1,301,462 (2014) and the highest population density of 1,083.6 km2 (418.4 sq mi). The city of, The Aso Caldera stretches 25 kilometers north to south and 18 kilometers east to west in, The Kikai Caldera is a massive, mostly submerged caldera up to 19 kilometres (12 mi) in diameter in the Ōsumi Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Heavy snowfall during the winter in the snow country regions cause landslides, flooding, and avalanches. Tokyo, Japan: Annual Weather Averages. 藤田和男ほか監修 佐々木詔雄ほか編著 『天然ガスの本』 日刊工業新聞 2008年3月25日初版1刷発行, Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. 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Japan is informally divided into eight regions from northeast (Hokkaidō) to southwest (Ryukyu Islands):[19]. [12] The population is clustered in urban areas on the coast, plains and valleys. In summer, however, sunshine hours are lowest on exposed parts of the Pacific coast where fogs from the Oyashio current create persistent cloud cover similar to that found on the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government spent an additional 3.8 billion yen ($33.5 million) to pump out groundwater by digging hundreds of wells. The orogenesis of the high mountain ranges in northeastern Japan started in the Late Miocene and lasted in the Pliocene. The Yamato Basin and Tsushima Basin have thick ocean crusts. The Japanese archipelago is over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) long in a north-to-southwardly direction from the Sea of Okhotsk to the Philippine Sea in the Pacific Ocean. Opposition from local governments has delayed several restarts that remain pending. [47], The Japan Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is Japan's longest fault system. … This makes it difficult to distinguish the motion on the MTL from interseismic elastic straining in GPS data.[51]. [24] The highest point in the Japanese Alps is Mount Kita at 3,193 metres (10,476 ft). Japan is an island country comprising a stratovolcanic archipelago over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) along East Asia's Pacific coast. Nearly 1 in 3 Japanese people live in the Greater Tokyo Area. Kyoto is located in the Yamashiro Basin 827.9 km2 (319.7 sq mi) and Nara is in the Nara Basin 300 km2 (120 sq mi). Marine life and mineral resources in the territorial waters. [73], The northern part of the Japanese archipelago was further fragmented until orogenesis of the northeastern Japanese archipelago began in the Late Miocene. There are three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast, the Japan Basin in the north and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. Minami-Tori-shima has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) and the highest average temperature in Japan of 25 degrees Celsius. Okinawa Island (四国) is the smallest and most southwestern of the five main islands, 1,206.98 km2 (466.02 sq mi). Click below to see an overview of Japan's climate. [17] These are the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Japan. Kawanabe, H.; Nishino, M.; and Maehata, M., editors (2012). Kyushu is closest to the southernmost point of the Korean peninsula with a distance of 190 km (120 mi). [39] After the new site was declared safe following a cleanup operation, Toyosu Market was opened.[40]. Beyond the pyroclastic area is volcanic ash that falls from the sky. [48][49] The MTL begins near Ibaraki Prefecture, where it connects with the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line (ISTL) and the Fossa Magna. Approximately 0.7% of the Japanese population lives there. For example, the Ocean Spiral by Shimizu Corporation would have a floating dome 500 meters in diameter with hotels, residential and commercial complexes. In Tokyo and Chiba Prefecture, there have been frequent accidents with natural gas that was released naturally from the Minami Kantō gas field. Because of Japan's many far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine life and mineral resources in the ocean. For example, the artificial island Toyosu was once occupied by a Tokyo gas factory. Except for a few sheltered inland valleys during December and January, precipitation in Japan is above 25 millimetres (1 in) of rainfall equivalent in all months of the year, and in the wettest coastal areas it is above 100 millimetres (4 in) per month throughout the year. Japan’s weather and climate features four distinct seasons, something which the local Japanese seem to be quite proud of. By May 2012 all of the country's nuclear power plants were taken offline because of ongoing public opposition following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in March 2011, though government officials continued to try to sway public opinion in favor of returning at least some of Japan's 50 nuclear reactors to service. Cinders and ash fell like rain in Izu, Kai, Sagami, and Musashi provinces. [24] Five or six typhoons pass over or near Japan every year from early August to early October, sometimes resulting in significant damage. The Japanese archipelago has diverse landscapes. The Japanese islands are formed of the mentioned geological units parallel to the subduction front. The land area expanded northward during the Miocene.[73]. Japan's remote location, surrounded by vast seas, rugged, mountainous terrain and steep rivers make it secure against invaders and uncontrolled migration from the Asian continent. The seasonal views change throughout the year. Geographically the Kuril Islands are a northeastern extension of Hokkaido. That's almost 6 times farther away than from England to France. La Pérouse Strait formed about 60,000 to 11,000 years ago closing the path used by mammoths which had earlier moved to northern Hokkaido. Rice has a 100% food self-sufficiency. Mid June to mid July is generally the rainy season in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, excluding Hokkaidō since the seasonal rain front or baiu zensen (梅雨前線) dissipates in northern Honshu before reaching Hokkaido. Its territorial sea is 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), but between 3 and 12 nmi (5.6 and 22.2 km; 3.5 and 13.8 mi) in the international straits—La Pérouse (or Sōya Strait), Tsugaru Strait, Ōsumi, and Tsushima Strait. To the north the Sea of Okhotsk separates it from the Russian Far East, to the west the Sea of Japan separates it from the Korean Peninsula, to the southwest the East China Sea separates the Ryukyu Islands from China and Taiwan, to the east is the Pacific Ocean. [89] In 2005, Japan ranked sixth in the world in tonnage of fish caught. As Mount Fuji and the coastal Japanese Alps provide a rain shadow, Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures receive the least precipitation in Honshu, though it still exceeds 900 millimetres (35 in) annually. [34] From November 8, 2011, Tokyo City began accepting rubble and waste from the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami region. [107], Japan has a population of 126.3 million in 2019. Japan has a population of 126 million in 2019. Hokkaido has multiple plains such as the Ishikari Plain 3,800 km2 (1,500 sq mi), Tokachi Plain 3,600 km2 (1,400 sq mi), the Kushiro Plain is the largest wetland in Japan 2,510 km2 (970 sq mi) and Sarobetsu Plain 200 km2 (77 sq mi). The Japan Trench is created as the oceanic Pacific Plate subducts beneath the continental Okhotsk Plate. [131] The Kuril Islands were first inhabited by the Ainu people and then controlled by the Japanese Matsumae clan in the Edo Period. The Philippine Sea Plate moves beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south. The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan measures Japan's territory annually in order to continuously grasp the state of the national land. [18] It is the eleventh most populous country and second most populous island country in the world. Nanpō Islands (南方諸島) are the groups of islands that are located to the south and east of the main islands of the Japanese archipelago. The Nanpō Islands are all administered by Tokyo Metropolis. In December there is a very pronounced sunshine gradient between the Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts, as the former side can receive less than 30 hours and the Pacific side as much as 180 hours. As of October 1, 2019, Japan's territory is 377,975.24 square kilometres (145,937.06 sq mi). It has the second smallest population of 3,845,534 million (2015)[9][116] and the third highest population density of 204.55 km2 (78.98 sq mi). Nuclear energy will provide 20% of the country's energy needs as an emissions-free energy source. Seno et al., 1996 Journal of Geophysical Research; Apel et al., 2006 Geophysical Research Letters; CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Okada, A., On the Quaternary faulting along the Median Tectonic Line, in. [24] On the Sea of Japan side are plateaus and low mountain districts, with altitudes of 500 to 1,500 meters.[24]. It is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. [137] More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, a 9.1-magnitude[138] quake which hit Japan on March 11, 2011. These 11 areas were defined by JMA in consideration of climatic characteristics. The population is clustered in urban areas on the coast, plains and valleys. Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kuril islands had mammoth steppe biome (steppe-tundra). Since the Kikai Caldera is submerged, it is unclear how much damage the hot ash clouds would cause if much volcanic ash stays below the ocean surface. Read more about visiting Japan during New Year.The remainder of January is a good time for visiting Japan, as the weather is usually sunny and dry and sightseeing spots are not crowd… There are 6,847 remote islands. There are small deposits of coal, oil, iron and minerals in the Japanese archipelago. 27 Continued burning of oil, gas, and trees—and a mid–level scenario for future heat–trapping emissions—are projected … When is the best time to visit Japan? Japan has four distinct seasons with a climate ranging from subarctic in the north to subtropical in the south. Over the course of millions of years, a diverse ecosystem evolved in the lake. Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula: Geographic coordinates: 36 00 N, 138 00 E: Comparative Area: slightly smaller than California: Land boundaries: 0 km: Coastline: 29,751 km: Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous: Elevation extremes: lowest … [29] Approximately 5,000 water birds visit the lake each year. The climate in Japan varies widely from one region to another region. Japan has a longstanding claim of the Southern Kuril Islands (Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai Islands). [24], Rivers are generally steep and swift, and few are suitable for navigation except in their lower reaches. Japan capitulated only once after nuclear attacks in World War II. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Subduction zones are sites that usually have a high rate of volcanism and earthquakes. During the Paleolithic period around 20,000 BCE at the height of the Last Glacial Maximum, there was a land bridge between Hokkaido and Sakhalin which linked Japan with the Asian continent. East of the Japanese archipelago are three oceanic trenches. It features the second largest urban area of Osaka (part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area). In this scenario, the exception would be eastern and northern Hokkaido (the Ryukyu Islands and southern Nanpo Islands would also be excepted). The rate of motion on the MTL is much less than the rate of convergence at the plate boundary. [24] The highest point in the country is Mount Fuji (Fujisan, also erroneously called Fujiyama), a volcano dormant since 1707 that rises to 3,776 m (12,388 ft) above sea level in Shizuoka Prefecture. Although most rivers are less than 300 km (190 mi) in length, their rapid flow from the mountains is what provides hydroelectric power. The 6,847 smaller islands are called remote islands. 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