It struck offshore about 371 kilometres (231 mi) northeast of Tokyo and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east of the city of Sendai, and created a massive tsunami that devastated Japan's northeastern coastal areas. [24], Rivers are generally steep and swift, and few are suitable for navigation except in their lower reaches. Mount Fuji broke the Japanese record lows for each month except January, February, March, and December. The following are the 10 largest lakes of Japan. [24] Because of its wide range of latitude,[24] seasonal winds and different types of ocean currents,[citation needed] Japan has a variety of climates, with a latitude range of the inhabited islands from 24° to 46° north, which is comparable to the range between Nova Scotia and The Bahamas in the east coast of North America. The wettest month is June with an average of 181mm of rain. Summer in Japan . By 1977, the amount of land reclaimed totaled 172.03 square kilometres (66.42 sq mi).[35]. The Kantō Plain, Osaka Plain and Nōbi Plain are the most important economic, political and cultural areas of Japan. Annual Weather Averages Near Tokyo. This made Hokkaido the most agriculturally rich prefecture of Japan. The climate from June to September is marked by hot, wet weather brought by tropical airflows from the Pacific Ocean and Southeast Asia. The Greater Tokyo Area on Honshu is the largest metropolitan area (megacity) in the world with 38,140,000 people (2016). As of 2011[update], 46.1% of energy in Japan was produced from petroleum, 21.3% from coal, 21.4% from natural gas, 4.0% from nuclear power and 3.3% from hydropower. [24] The Pacific coastline north of Tokyo, the coast of Hokkaidō, and the Sea of Japan coast are generally unindented, with few natural harbors. Weather patterns and temperatures vary across the country but generally, the best time to visit Japan is spring (March & April) or autumn (October & November), when days are sunny and dry. Japan capitulated only once after nuclear attacks in World War II. [24][28], These are the 10 longest rivers of Japan.[28]. [24] Seasonal variations in flow have led to extensive development of flood control measures. [24] It is followed by hot, sticky weather. Shikoku (四国) is the second smallest of the five main islands (after Okinawa island), 18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi). Unlike the rainy season in mainland Japan, it rains neither everyday nor all day long during the rainy season in Okinawa. Beginning in June, repeated collapse of this erupting dome generated ash flows that swept down the mountain's slopes at speeds as high as 200 km/h (120 mph). [30][29] It has consistently carried water for millions of years. [34], There is a risk of contamination on artificial islands with landfill and reclaimed land if there was industry that spilled (toxic) chemicals into the ground. The 6,847 smaller islands are called remote islands. The underwater ash would be swept away by ocean currents. The Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments are selected by the government via the Agency for Cultural Affairs in order to protect Japan's cultural heritage. [32], Extensive coastal shipping, especially around the Seto Inland Sea, compensates for the lack of navigable rivers. The Nanpō Islands are all administered by Tokyo Metropolis. [94] Shinzo Abe’s government seeks to restart the nuclear power plants that meet strict new safety standards and is emphasizing nuclear energy's importance as a base-load electricity source. "Kyūshū" in, Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. 300,000 to 90,000 years ago there were four eruptions of Mount Aso which emitted huge amounts of volcanic ash that covered all of Kyushu and up to Yamaguchi Prefecture. For example, during the 20th century several new volcanoes emerged, including Shōwa-shinzan on Hokkaido and Myōjin-shō off the Bayonnaise Rocks in the Pacific. [34] The village of Ogata in Akita, was established on land reclaimed from Lake Hachirōgata (Japan's second largest lake at the time) starting in 1957. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Japan has stratovolcanoes near the subduction zones of the tectonic plates. "Terrestrial invasion of pomatiopsid gastropods in the heavy-snow region of the Japanese Archipelago". As there are so many locations in Japan the list below shows only larger towns and cities. [27], Another important plain is the Sendai Plain around the city of Sendai in northeastern Honshū. [133] This dispute has prevented the signing of a peace treaty between Japan and Russia. Japan is generally a rainy country with high humidity. Japan Weather Map. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government spent an additional 3.8 billion yen ($33.5 million) to pump out groundwater by digging hundreds of wells. For example, the Ocean Spiral by Shimizu Corporation would have a floating dome 500 meters in diameter with hotels, residential and commercial complexes. It runs parallel to Japan's volcanic arc, passing through central Honshū to near Nagoya, through Mikawa Bay, then through the Seto Inland Sea from the Kii Channel and Naruto Strait to Shikoku along the Sadamisaki Peninsula and the Bungo Channel and Hōyo Strait to Kyūshū. Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula: Geographic coordinates: 36 00 N, 138 00 E: Comparative Area: slightly smaller than California: Land boundaries: 0 km: Coastline: 29,751 km: Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous: Elevation extremes: lowest … [11], The terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous with 66% forest. That's almost 6 times farther away than from England to France. It is located south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. It forms a Minami Kantō gas field in the area spanning Saitama, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Ibaraki, and Chiba prefectures. Reclaimed land and man-made islands are particularly susceptible to liquefaction during an earthquake. Owing to both the high humidity and the so called "urban heat island" effect, the heat is hardly bearable in Tokyo, Osaka and in the big cities of southern Honshu and Kyushu. [25] This evolved into the capital of Tokyo by 1868. [24] There is a marked rainy season, beginning in early June and continuing for about a month. [131] The Kuril Islands were first inhabited by the Ainu people and then controlled by the Japanese Matsumae clan in the Edo Period. Three of the four major islands (Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku) are separated by narrow straits of the Seto Inland Sea and form a natural entity. The most protective measure is to stop the hot ash clouds from spreading and devastating areas near the eruption so that people don't need to evacuate. Other types of maps. These plains had the largest agricultural production and large bays with ports for fishing and trade. James E. Goodby, Vladimir I. Ivanov, Nobuo Shimotomai, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, List of mountains and hills of Japan by height, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "令和元年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調(10月1日時点), Reiwa 1st year National area of each prefecture municipality (as of October 1)", "What is the Volume of Japan's 200-nm Exclusive Economic Zone? The following four are especially relevant for mountain climbers. It has a carrot-like shape, with the major axis extending from southwest to northeast and a wide southern part narrowing toward the north. Four large eruptions between 300,000 and 90,000 years ago. Currently no underwater city is constructed yet. [153], Since recording started in 1951, an average of 2.6 typhoons reached the main islands of Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu and Hokkaido per year. Hokkaido has multiple plains such as the Ishikari Plain 3,800 km2 (1,500 sq mi), Tokachi Plain 3,600 km2 (1,400 sq mi), the Kushiro Plain is the largest wetland in Japan 2,510 km2 (970 sq mi) and Sarobetsu Plain 200 km2 (77 sq mi). The Sea of Japan was considered to be a frozen inner lake because of the lack of the warm Tsushima Current. Japan is an island country comprising a stratovolcanic archipelago over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) along East Asia's Pacific coast. Contact us; Support; Advertisers; Explore. 19% has a depth of 0 to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). These areas have hot and humid summers (with temperatures rarely reaching 35 oC or above) and mild winters. The Yamato Basin and Tsushima Basin have thick ocean crusts. These differences in climate and landscape have allowed the development of a diverse flora and fauna, with some rare endemic species, especially in the Ogasawara Islands. [16] In 1991, Japan's Unzen Volcano on Kyushu about 40 km (25 mi) east of Nagasaki, awakened from its 200-year slumber to produce a new lava dome at its summit. Surveys by KOBEC (Kobe Ocean-Bottom Exploration Center) confirm that a giant lava dome of 23 cubic kilometers formed after the Kikai Caldera erupted in 4,300 BC. [90] In 2003, the total aquaculture production was predicted at 1,301,437 tonnes. For example, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name (Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, Tohoku University, etc.). The island area ranks 21st in the world by area. [24] About 73 percent of Japan's area is mountainous, and scattered plains and intermontane basins (in which the population is concentrated) cover only about 27 percent. [16], The Japanese islands are the summits of mountain ridges uplifted near the outer edge of the continental shelf. Monthly climate reports and four types of long-range forecast are issued for the 11 areas. This will help Japan meet climate change commitments. Rice has a 100% food self-sufficiency. The second largest plain is the Nōbi Plain 1,800 km2 (690 sq mi) with the third-most-populous urban area Nagoya. There are technological hurdles to mine at such extreme depths and to limit the ecological impact. Kyushu (九州) is the third largest island of Japan of the five main islands. The Japan Trench is created as the oceanic Pacific Plate subducts beneath the continental Okhotsk Plate. The annual average SST around Japan has risen by +1.14°C over the last 100 years, which exceeds the corresponding figure for the global ocean and the North Pacific (+0.55 and +0.53°C, respectively) and is similar to that for surface air temperature in Japan (+1.24°C). The insular geography is a major factor for the isolationist, semi-open and expansionist periods of Japanese history. Tokyo, Japan visibility is going to be around 8 km i.e. Click below to see an overview of Japan's climate. Click on an area of interest on the right map to view regional details. These islands were occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945. During the Edo period the Tokugawa Shogunate enforced the Sakoku policy which prohibited most foreign contact and trade from 1641 to 1853. … These are the Aira Caldera, Kikai Caldera and Aso Caldera. Nearly 1 in 3 Japanese people live in the Greater Tokyo Area. Mount Aso is the largest active volcano in Japan. The parts of islands facing the Pacific Ocean's Plate are typically younger and display a larger proportion of volcanic products, while island parts facing the Sea of Japan are mostly heavily faulted and folded sedimentary deposits. [110] This makes it slightly larger than the island of Great Britain 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi).[110]. [24] The highest point in the country is Mount Fuji (Fujisan, also erroneously called Fujiyama), a volcano dormant since 1707 that rises to 3,776 m (12,388 ft) above sea level in Shizuoka Prefecture. Okinawa Island (四国) is the smallest and most southwestern of the five main islands, 1,206.98 km2 (466.02 sq mi). There are plans to build underwater habitats in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone. In addition, Japan is located on the fault lines of four tectonic plates, making earthquakes a common occurrence. The deepest, and thus the last to close, was the western channel of the Korea Strait. The climate in Japan varies widely from one region to another region. There are many farms that produce a plethora of agricultural products. [2] Japan is scarce in critical natural resources and has long been heavily dependent on imported energy and raw materials. The relief map of the Japanese archipelago shows that 50% of Japan's sea territory has an ocean volume between 0 and 4,000 m (13,000 ft) depth. On average, the temperature in Tokyo during winter is about 12℃ (53.6°F) during the daytime, and 5℃ in the morning and at night. The Japanese can close their civilization with an isolationist foreign policy. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake was the largest ever recorded in Japan and is the world's 4th largest earthquake to strike since 1900, according to the U.S. Geological Service. The country's rainy seasons usually lasts just three or four weeks and is the typical time for rice-planting. To the north the Sea of Okhotsk separates it from the Russian Far East, to the west the Sea of Japan separates it from the Korean Peninsula, to the southwest the East China Sea separates the Ryukyu Islands from China and Taiwan, to the east is the Pacific Ocean. It is estimated that there are approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of methane clathrate in the eastern Nankai Trough of Japan. Satellite images at night show a dense and continuous strip of light (demarcating urban zones) that delineates the region with overlapping metropolitan areas in Japan. Two prefectures—Hokkaido and Okinawa—are composed entirely of islands. Thus enough heat could be extracted to prevent an eruption. The largest is the Kantō Plain which covers 17,000 km2 (6,600 sq mi) in the Kantō region. Large land reclamation projects with landfill were done in coastal areas for maritime and industrial factories, such as Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki, Osaka Bay and Nagasaki Airport. Approximately 15,000 km (9,300 mi) of oceanic floor has passed under the Japanese archipelago in the last 450 million years, with most being fully subducted. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for … Opposition from local governments has delayed several restarts that remain pending. Japan Mountain Weather Forecast Maps. [9] All of these points are accessible to the public. These 11 areas were defined by JMA in consideration of climatic characteristics. New Year is one of Japan's three major travel seasons with intensive domestic and international travel activity. These are designated and managed for protection and sustainable usage by the Ministry of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (自然公園法) of 1957. It has the second smallest population of 3,845,534 million (2015)[9][116] and the third highest population density of 204.55 km2 (78.98 sq mi). Because of Japan's many far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine life and mineral resources in the ocean. [24] Annual precipitation averages between 1,000 and 2,500 mm (40 and 100 in) except for the areas such as Kii Peninsula and Yakushima Island which is Japan's wettest place[105] with the annual precipitation being one of the world's highest at 4,000 to 10,000 mm.[106]. It is the worst volcanic disaster in the country's recorded history. The warmest winter temperatures are found in the Nanpō and Bonin Islands, which enjoy a tropical climate due to the combination of latitude, distance from the Asian continent, and warming effect of winds from the Kuroshio, as well as the Volcano Islands (at the latitude of the southernmost of the Ryukyu Islands, 24° N). Kyoto and Nara are the ancient capitals and cultural heart of Japan. [70], During the Pleistocene (2.58 million years BCE) glacial cycles, the Japanese islands may have occasionally been connected to the Eurasian Continent via the Korea Strait and the Korean Peninsula or Sakhalin. On the western shores, they are narrow particularly along the Korean and Russian coast, averaging about 30 km (19 mi). [49], The MTL moves right-lateral strike-slip, at about 5–10 millimeters per year. It is 3.6% smaller than the island of Ireland. This excludes the disputed Northern Territories (Kuril islands) and Liancourt Rocks. In October 2004, Typhoon Tokage caused heavy rain in Kyushu and central Japan with 98 casualties. [58][59] The geologic province of Japan is mostly basin and a bit extended crust.[60]. So currently there are few deep sea mining projects to retrieve minerals or deepwater drilling on the ocean floor. East of the undersea mountain ranges are three oceanic trenches: the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench (max depth 10,542 m (34,587 ft)), Japan Trench (max depth 10,375 m (34,039 ft)) and Izu-Ogasawara Trench (max depth 9,810 m (32,190 ft)). [107], Japan has a population of 126.3 million in 2019. Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture. These are the 50 largest islands of Japan. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. The Northern Territories and the Kuril islands use UTC+11:00 although they are geographically in UTC+10:00, Japan is substantially prone to earthquakes, tsunami and volcanoes because of its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire. Record lows for any month were taken as recent as 1984. Seabed mineral resources such as manganese nodules, cobalt-rich crust and submarine hydrothermal deposits are located at depths over 1,000 m (3,300 ft). [63] Erosion and shifting sands caused the new island to merge with Nishinoshima. A similar effect is found in Hokkaido, where Okhotsk Subprefecture receives as little as 750 millimetres (30 in) per year. [2][83] The oil crisis in 1973 encouraged the efficient use of energy. [44], The subduction zone is where the oceanic crust slides beneath the continental crust or other oceanic plates. Thus Tsushima island in the Korea Strait was a land bridge that connected Kyushu and the southern tip of Honshu with the Korean peninsula. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. [24] On the Pacific side are steep mountains 1,500 to 3,000 meters high, with deep valleys and gorges. In winter, the Siberian High develops over the Eurasian land mass and the Aleutian Low develops over the northern Pacific Ocean. [24], Central Japan is marked by the convergence of the three mountain chains—the Hida, Kiso, and Akaishi mountains—that form the Japanese Alps (Nihon Arupusu), several of whose peaks are higher than 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). [2] In 2015, Japan successfully restarted one nuclear reactor at the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant in Kagoshima prefecture, and several other reactors around the country have since resumed operations. It is considered a mature island arc. If in another scenario, the wind blows in a different direction then the Volcanic ash could flow westward or southward and affect e.g. Toxic substances were discovered in the soil and groundwater at Toyosu. This rubble was processed, and when it had the appropriate radiation levels it was used as landfill to build new artificial islands in Tokyo Bay. [1], This table shows the land use in 2002. Tokyo Weather Forecasts. Subduction zones are sites that usually have a high rate of volcanism and earthquakes. The Japanese islands are formed of the mentioned geological units parallel to the subduction front. [1] Japan has the 6th longest coastline in the world (29,751 km (18,486 mi)). [24] Minor tremors occur almost daily in one part of the country or another, causing slight shaking of buildings. [10] The country has the 6th longest coastline at 29,751 km (18,486 mi) and the 8th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi) in the world. The Ocean Spiral was co-developed with JAMSTEC and Tokyo University.[124][125]. [9] It has the smallest population of 1,301,462 (2014) and the highest population density of 1,083.6 km2 (418.4 sq mi). The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaido from Honshu. Real-time Risk Map ・Real-time Landslide Risk Map ・Real-time Inundation Risk Map ・Real-time Flood Risk Map: Marine Warnings Weather / Volcano Tropical Cyclone Information Hazardous Wind Watch Extreme High Temperature Forecasts; Earthquakes and Volcanoes Tsunami Warnings/Advisories Earthquake Information … The mountainous islands of the Japanese archipelago form a crescent off the eastern coast of Asia. Cape Kamoiwakka (Northernmost - disputed). [68] The areas of Japan closest to the epicenter experienced the largest shifts. Thus it has not naturally filled with sediment. That is nearly 11 times larger than the national average of 2.4 hectares. January February March April May June July August September October November December; Avg. The average winter temperature in Japan is 5.1 °C (41.2 °F) and the average summer temperature is 25.2 °C (77.4 °F). The orogenesis of the high mountain ranges in northeastern Japan started in the Late Miocene and lasted in the Pliocene. [24] Five or six typhoons pass over or near Japan every year from early August to early October, sometimes resulting in significant damage. [47], The Japan Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is Japan's longest fault system. Get the Japan weather forecast. It is used to build man-made islands in harbors and embankments in inland areas. These giant caldera are remnants of past eruptions. Unzen erupted in 1792 and killed more than 15,000 people. [61] It is the most active volcano in Japan. Reforms of the electricity and gas sectors, including full liberalization of Japan's energy market in April 2016 and gas market in April 2017, constitute an important part of Prime Minister Abe's economic program. The most destructive was Isewan Typhoon with 5,000 casualties in the Tokai region in September 1959. Temperature (°C) 4.2 4.7 7.6 13.5 18.4 22.3 26.7 27.9 23.5 17.2 It is the remains of the ancient eruption of a colossal volcano. Since there is little level ground, many hills and mountainsides at lower elevations around towns and cities are often cultivated. [24] The longest, the Shinano River, which winds through Nagano Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture and flows into the Sea of Japan, is 367 km (228 mi) long. The Sea of Japan has a surface area of 978,000 km2 (378,000 sq mi), a mean depth of 1,752 m (5,748 ft) and a maximum depth of 3,742 m (12,277 ft). The Three Views of Japan (日本三景, Nihon Sankei) is the canonical list of Japan's three most celebrated scenic sights, attributed to 1643 and scholar Hayashi Gahō. This makes it difficult to meet Japan's food demand without imports. It is more than 11 times the land area of the country. [108] Japan is an urban society with about only 5% of the labor force working in agriculture. Precipitation is very heavy in the south and heavy in the summer in the north. Osaka and Nagoya extend inland from their bays until they reach steep mountains. This makes determination of the geological history and composition difficult and it is not yet fully understood. Mid June to mid July is generally the rainy season in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, excluding Hokkaidō since the seasonal rain front or baiu zensen (梅雨前線) dissipates in northern Honshu before reaching Hokkaido. Kawanabe, H.; Nishino, M.; and Maehata, M., editors (2012). During the Paleolithic period around 20,000 BCE at the height of the Last Glacial Maximum, there was a land bridge between Hokkaido and Sakhalin which linked Japan with the Asian continent. All other prefectures have coasts on the Pacific Ocean, Sea of Japan, Seto Inland Sea or have a body of salt water connected to them. There are three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast, the Japan Basin in the north and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. In the January, it goes down to 10℃ (50°F) during the daytime and 2-3℃ (35.6-37.4°F) in the morning and at night. Japan has a longstanding claim of the Southern Kuril Islands (Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai Islands). Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県) is the southernmost prefecture of Japan. [75] The International Hydrographic Organization, the international governing body for the naming bodies of water around the world, in 2012 recognized the term "Sea of Japan" as the only title for the sea.[76]. In northwest Japan are thick quaternary deposits. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. Okinawa and Amami have a subtropical oceanic climate. August is the hottest month in Tokyo with an average temperature of 26°C (79°F) and the coldest is January at 5°C (41°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 6 in December. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. The Japanese archipelago is surrounded by eight ocean currents. [8][9] This includes the Bonin Islands, Daitō Islands, Minami-Tori-shima, Okinotorishima, the Ryukyu Islands, the Volcano Islands, Nansei Islands, and the Nanpō Islands, as well as numerous islets, of which 430 are inhabited. [34] From November 8, 2011, Tokyo City began accepting rubble and waste from the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami region. The islands of Japan were created by tectonic plate movements, The Pacific Plate and Philippine Sea Plate are subduction plates. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Nanpō Islands (南方諸島) are the groups of islands that are located to the south and east of the main islands of the Japanese archipelago. [101][102] Most natural islands have mountain ranges in the center with coastal plains. Various plants and large animals, such as the Palaeoloxodon naumanni migrated into the Japanese archipelago. [111][112] The area is 13,500 km2 (5,200 sq mi)[113] and has a population density of 2,642 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi). Japan considers the northern territories (aka Southern Chishima) part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture. The only other developed nations with such a high forest cover percentage are Finland and Sweden.[12]. [16] The islands are also affected by typhoons. This is why currently Japan has very limited proven reserves like crude oil. The Pacific Plate moves under the Okhotsk Plate to the north. The city of, The Aso Caldera stretches 25 kilometers north to south and 18 kilometers east to west in, The Kikai Caldera is a massive, mostly submerged caldera up to 19 kilometres (12 mi) in diameter in the Ōsumi Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Thus historically Kyushu was the gateway between Asia and Japan. Heavy snowfall during the winter in the snow country regions cause landslides, flooding, and avalanches. [67] This made some sections of Japan's landmass wider than before. In December there is a very pronounced sunshine gradient between the Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts, as the former side can receive less than 30 hours and the Pacific side as much as 180 hours. [11] Japan ranks 4th with its exclusive economic zone ocean water volume from 0 to 2,000 m (6,600 ft) depth. Tokyo, Japan: Annual Weather Averages. [86] As of 2019, the methane clathrate in the deep sea remains unexploited, because the necessary technology is not established yet. [71], The Sea of Japan was a landlocked sea when the land bridge of East Asia existed circa 18,000 BCE. Click to zoom and see all forecast periods: [18] It is the eleventh most populous country and second most populous island country in the world. According to a 2014 study by KOBEC of Kobe University, in a worst-case scenario if there is a VEI-7 eruption of the Aso Caldera and if the volcanic ash is carried by westerly winds, then pyroclastic flows would cover the 7 million population near the Aso Caldera within two hours. [24] The highest point in the Japanese Alps is Mount Kita at 3,193 metres (10,476 ft). [7] It is narrow, and no point in Japan is more than 150 km (93 mi) from the sea. Map featuring Japan water temperature. [104] These are traditionally the pine-clad islands of Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture, the pine-clad sandbar of Amanohashidate in Kyoto Prefecture, and Itsukushima Shrine in Hiroshima Prefecture. The other 50% has a depth of 4,000 m (13,000 ft) to over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). )", Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, "Origins of the Japanese Islands: The New "Big Picture, "REVEL: A model for Recent plate velocities from space geodesy", "Population Estimates Monthly Report June 2019", "土地総合情報ライブラリー 平成16年土地の動向に関する年次報告 第2章 土地に関する動向", "Japan – Places in the News | Library of Congress", "Trend toward stronger agriculture seen in Hokkaido", "Phylogeny and historical demography of endemic fishes in Lake Biwa: The ancient lake as a promoter of evolution and diversification of freshwater fishes in western Japan", "As Tokyo's historic Tsukiji market closes, fishmongers mourn", "Koike announces Tsukiji relocation, plans to retain its 'cultural legacy, "Tsukiji market relocation to Toyosu delayed till autumn 2018", "Tokyo fears losing a part of its soul as world's biggest fish market moves", https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/96JB00532, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1029/2006GL026077/full, http://www.stephan-mueller-spec-publ-ser.net/4/147/2009/smsps-4-147-2009.pdf, "Acoplamiento sismogénico en la zona de subducción de Michoacán-Colima-Jalisco,México", "Yurie SAWAHATA, Makoto Okada, Jun Hosoi, Kazuo Amano, "Paleomagnetic study of Neogene sediments in strike-slip basins along the Tanakura Fault", Deep current structure above the Izu-Ogasawara Trench, "Crustal structure of the ocean-island arc transition at the mid Izu-Ogasawara(Bonin) arc margin", "Geology of Japan|Geological Survey of Japan, AIST|産総研地質調査総合センター / Geological Survey of Japan, AIST", "Geologic Province and Thermo-Tectonic Age Maps", "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914", "Sakurajima, Japan's Most Active Volcano", "Lava flow connects new islet with Nishinoshima island", "Quake Moves Japan Closer to U.S. and Alters Earth's Spin", Japan seabed shifted 24 metres after March quake | Reuters.com, "Japanese Basic Position on the Naming of the "Japan Sea, Agency rejects South Korea's request to rename Sea of Japan, "Can nuclear power save Japan from peak oil? Many shops, restaurants and tourist attractions are closed for at least one day between December 29 and January 4. Sakhalin uses UTC+11:00 even though it is located above Hokkaido. They are recommended for ministerial designation and managed by the prefectures under the supervision of the Ministry of the Environment.[98]. Seto Inland Sea: the mountains in the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions block the seasonal winds and bring mild climate and many fine days throughout the year. Most of the population lives on the Pacific coast side of Honshū. [137] More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, a 9.1-magnitude[138] quake which hit Japan on March 11, 2011. The lowest was −41.0 °C (−41.8 °F) in Asahikawa on 25 January 1902. [95], On 3 July 2018, Japan's government pledged to increase renewable energy sources from 15% to 22–24% including wind and solar by 2030. There are 46 native fish species and subspecies,[31] including 11 species and 5 subspecies that are endemic or near-endemic. [93] Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011, the nuclear reactors were shut down. As Japan is situated in a volcanic zone along the Pacific deeps, frequent low-intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. [136], As many as 1,500 earthquakes are recorded yearly, and magnitudes of 4 to 6 are common. The coastal length is about 7,600 km (4,700 mi) with the largest part (3,240 km or 2,010 mi) belonging to Russia. It was characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches. [84] Japan has therefore aimed to diversify its sources and maintain high levels of energy efficiency. Maximum precipitation, like the rest of East Asia, occurs in the summer months except on the Sea of Japan coast where strong northerly winds produce a maximum in late autumn and early winter. Okinawa is, due to its geographic location, most vulnerable to typhoons with an average of 7 storms per year. [73] The Early Miocene period was when the Sea of Japan started to open, and the northern and southern parts of the Japanese archipelago separated from each other. [23] In modern times, the inflow of people is managed via the seaports and airports. [24] The Pacific coastline south of Tokyo is characterized by long, narrow, gradually shallowing inlets produced by sedimentation, which has created many natural harbors. [13] In 2010, 90.7% of the total Japanese population lived in cities. It is 9 hours ahead of UTC. The Taiheiyō Belt is a megalopolis that includes the Greater Tokyo Area and Keihanshin megapoles. Improving technology and methods to predict volcano and giant caldera eruptions would help to prepare and evacuate people earlier. Pacific Ocean: the climate varies greatly between the north and the south, but generally winters are significantly milder and sunnier than those of the side that faces the Sea of Japan. China is separated by 800 km (500 mi) of sea from Japan's big main islands. [24], Japan has 108 active volcanoes. ", "World review of fisheries and aquaculture", "離島とは(島の基礎知識) (what is a remote island? It has a population of 1,445,812 (2017) and a density of 622 km2 (240 sq mi). [14] Northeastern Japan, north of Tanakura fault, had high volcanic activity 14–17 million years before present. It has a population of 104,000,000 with a population density of 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi) (2010). Hokkaido is near Sakhalin, which was occupied by Japan from 1905 to 1945. [96], Japan has 34 National Parks (国立公園, Kokuritsu Kōen) and 56 Quasi-National Parks (国定公園, Kokutei Kōen) in 2019. If the volcanic ash continuously flows eastward, then the ash fall would make it impossible to live in most parts of Japan (the main islands) because of a paralysis of traffic and lifelines for a limited period until the eruption subsides. [17] These are the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Japan. Symbols shown on the map: Japan Ski Resorts, Mountain Peaks, Surf breaks, Japan Cities, Tide forecasts, All snow, city, surf, tide forecasts, Japan Current Temperature Observations, Current Wind Observations, Current Weather Observations, Japan Live Webcams, New snow f-cast 1-3 days top station, New snow f-cast 1-3 days mid station, Japan … What is Winter in Japan Like? The sea extends from north to south for more than 2,255 km (1,401 mi) and has a maximum width of about 1,070 km (660 mi).[74]. If you go to the regions list above and then click on the relevant area this will show all locations. As a result, there are specific earthquake resistance standards and ground reform work that applies to all construction in these areas. This is because the oceanic plate's litosphere has a higher density. However, mining is strictly regulated in many areas because it is directly below Tokyo, and is only slightly mined in the Bōsō Peninsula. [21], The Japanese archipelago was difficult to reach since before ancient history. Thus Japan possesses one of the largest ocean territories with a combination of all depths from shallow to very deep sea. volcanic eruptions, tsunami, earthquakes and typhoons, air pollution; acidification of lakes and reservoirs; overfishing; deforestation, Source 2: nbakki.hatenablog.com/archive/category/Nature. [5] Most of these deep sea resources are unexplored at the seabed. Minami-Tori-shima has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) and the highest average temperature in Japan of 25 degrees Celsius. ", "Japan aims for 24% renewable energy but keeps nuclear central", "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas", Japan Statistics Bureau – Keihin'yō Major Metropolitan Area, "Discover the Geography of the 4 Main Islands of Japan", Satellite images of stable night time lights in Japan, "City of the future sinks into the ocean", "M 9.1 – near the east coast of Honshu, Japan", "Devastation as Tsunami Crashes Into Japan", "巨大カルデラ噴火のメカニズムとリスクを発表 (Announce the mechanism and risk of a huge caldera eruption)", "Giant lava dome confirmed in Japan's Kikai Caldera", "NASA is trying to figure out how to contain a supervolcano that could destroy humanity", Annual Report on the Environment in Japan 2006, "Colton's Japan: Nippon, Kiusiu, Sikok, Yesso and the Japanese Kuriles", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Japan&oldid=991253752#Climate, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States Geological Survey, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, varied; tropical in the south to cool continental in the north, and mountainous areas being. The Philippine Sea Plate moves beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south. [140], Mount Fuji is a dormant stratovolcano that last erupted on 16 December 1707 till about 1 January 1708. [74] The continental shelves of the sea are wide on the eastern shores along Japan. These 11 areas were defined by JMA in consideration of climatic characteristics. [9] The Ryukyu Islands and Nanpō Islands are south and east of the main islands. Read more about visiting Japan during New Year.The remainder of January is a good time for visiting Japan, as the weather is usually sunny and dry and sightseeing spots are not crowd… The southern half of Honshu, Shikoku and most of Kyushu are located on the Amurian Plate. Appropriately 40 cubic kilometers of magma would be released in one burst and cause enormous damage.[151]. Company. Japan ranks 5th with sea volume of 2,000–3,000 meters, 4th with 3,000–4,000 meters, 3rd with 4,000–5,000 meters and 1st with volume of 5,000 to over 6,000 meters. [87], In 2018, 250 km (160 mi) south of Minami-Tori-shima at 5,700 m (18,700 ft) deep, approximately 16 million tons of rare-earth minerals were discovered by JAMSTEC in collaboration with Waseda University and the University of Tokyo. [29] Approximately 5,000 water birds visit the lake each year. analysis chart (pdf) wwjp27 rjtd 300000 warning and summary 300000. warning valid 010000. warning is updated every 6 hours. Japan's sea territory is 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi). Japan is informally divided into eight regions from northeast (Hokkaidō) to southwest (Ryukyu Islands):[19]. The land bridge disappeared when the sea levels rose in the Jōmon period around 10,000 BCE.[22]. The five main islands of Japan are Hokkaidō, Honshū, Kyūshū, Shikoku and Okinawa. In an area that was possibly reclaimed in the past, old maps and land condition drawings are checked and drilling is carried out to determine the strength of the ground. [14] The Strait of Tartary and the Korea Strait opened much later. Since the 1960s improvements in construction, flood prevention, high tides detection and early warnings substantially reduced the death toll which rarely exceeds a dozen people per typhoon. Lake Biwa was created by plate tectonics in an active rift zone. However this can be very costly, so for a private residential block of land, a Swedish weight sounding test is more common. Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kuril islands had mammoth steppe biome (steppe-tundra). Japan's highest mountain is Mount Fuji, with an elevation of 3,776 m (12,388 ft). Japan's remote location, surrounded by vast seas, rugged, mountainous terrain and steep rivers make it secure against invaders and uncontrolled migration from the Asian continent. This dried and closed the exit straits of the Sea of Japan one by one. [57], The Japanese island arc system has distributed volcanic series where the volcanic rocks change from tholeiite—calc-alkaline—alkaline with increasing distance from the trench. Averages are for Tokyo Heliport, which is 9 miles from Tokyo. There have been several devastating earthquakes in the last 100 years, including the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. The Exclusive economic zone of Japan has an estimated large quantities of mineral resources such as methane clathrate, natural gas, metallic minerals and rare-earth mineral reserves. [73] The south part of the Japanese archipelago remained as a relatively large landmass. These subduction plates have pulled Japan eastward and opened the Sea of Japan by back-arc spreading around 15 million years ago. 5 miles and an atmospheric pressure of 1027 mb. Kikai Caldera was the source of the, All Geography of Japan information taken from the, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 03:01. Summers are hot because of the southeast seasonal wind. At least 15,000 people died as a result. Access hourly, 10 day and 15 day forecasts along with up to the minute reports and videos from AccuWeather.com However, its climate varies from cool humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) in the north such as northern Hokkaido, to warm tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af) in the south such as the Yaeyama Islands and Minami-Tori-shima. [24] Many of these plains are along the coast, and their areas have been increased by land reclamation throughout recorded history. The seasonal views change throughout the year. Its territorial sea is 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), but between 3 and 12 nmi (5.6 and 22.2 km; 3.5 and 13.8 mi) in the international straits—La Pérouse (or Sōya Strait), Tsugaru Strait, Ōsumi, and Tsushima Strait. [68] On 6 April, the Japanese coast guard said that the earthquake shifted the seabed near the epicenter 24 metres (79 ft) and elevated the seabed off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture by 3 metres (9.8 ft). Four times a day, we generate maps of more than a dozen types. The capital Tokyo and the largest metropolitan population is located there. [132] The Soviet Union did not sign the San Francisco Treaty in 1951. The largest freshwater lake is Lake Biwa 670.3 km2 (258.8 sq mi), northeast of Kyoto in Shiga Prefecture. That's 10% of all active volcanoes in the world. It could be 15 km long. It features the second largest urban area of Osaka (part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area). The highest classification are 75 Special Natural Monuments (特別天然記念物, tokubetsu tennen kinenbutsu) and 36 Special Places of Scenic Beauty (特別名勝, tokubetsu meishō). Approximately 10.3 typhoons approach within the 300 kilometer range near the coast of Japan. [24] The majority of land reclamation projects occurred after World War II during the Japanese economic miracle. At a depth of over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) there are minerals such as manganese nodules, cobalt in the crust and hydrothermal deposits. There was still several kilometers of sea to the west of the Ryukyu islands, and most of the Sea of Japan was open sea with a mean depth of 1,752 m (5,748 ft). The U.S. Senate Resolution of April 28, 1952, ratifying of the San Francisco Treaty, explicitly stated that the USSR had no title to the Kurils. The largest part of Japan has a temperate maritime climate and most of the country has four distinct seasons. The Japanese archipelago is the result of subducting tectonic plates over several 100 millions of years from the mid-Silurian (443.8 Mya) to the Pleistocene (11,700 years ago). [34], Japan has become a world leader in research on causes and prediction of earthquakes. This created a very deep lake with a maximum depth of 104 m (341 ft). There are currently no protective measures to minimize the spread of millions of tons of deadly hot ash during a VEI-7 eruption. [24], The Japanese archipelago has been transformed by humans into a sort of continuous land, in which the four main islands are entirely reachable and passable by rail and road transportation thanks to the construction of huge bridges and tunnels that connect each other and various islands. [12] The population is clustered in urban areas on the coast, plains and valleys. It is the largest island country in East Asia and 4th largest island country in the world.[10]. In 2003, the Three Major Night Views of Japan were selected by the New Three Major Night Views of Japan and the 100 Night Views of Japan Club (新日本三大夜景・夜景100選事務局). The Japan Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. The easternmost Japanese island Minami-Tori-shima also uses Japan Standard Time while it is geographically 1,848 kilometres (1,148 mi) southeast of Tokyo and in the UTC+10:00 time zone. [48][49] The MTL begins near Ibaraki Prefecture, where it connects with the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line (ISTL) and the Fossa Magna. The third largest plain is the Osaka Plain which covers 1,600 km2 (620 sq mi) in the Kinki region. The Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry is exploring over 40 locations for potential geothermal energy plants. [44] The Japan Basin has an oceanic crust and it is the deepest part of the sea, whereas the Tsushima Basin is the shallowest with depths below 2,300 m (7,500 ft). In summer, however, sunshine hours are lowest on exposed parts of the Pacific coast where fogs from the Oyashio current create persistent cloud cover similar to that found on the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. [24] Extensive civil defence efforts focus on training in protection against earthquakes, in particular against accompanying fire, which represents the greatest danger. Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima). [24] On the Sea of Japan side are plateaus and low mountain districts, with altitudes of 500 to 1,500 meters.[24]. [5] Multiple long undersea mountain ranges stretch from Japan's main islands to the south. Approximately 0.7% of the Japanese population lives there. In this scenario, the exception would be eastern and northern Hokkaido (the Ryukyu Islands and southern Nanpo Islands would also be excepted). There are 6,852 islands in total. Although most rivers are less than 300 km (190 mi) in length, their rapid flow from the mountains is what provides hydroelectric power. There are small deposits of coal, oil, iron and minerals in the Japanese archipelago. The west coast facing the Sea of Japan is less densely populated. [24] They are separated from the continent by the Sea of Japan, which serves as a protective barrier. (2005). Until the 1960s the death toll was hundreds of people per typhoon. [85] In regards to agricultural products, the self-sufficiency rate of most items is less than 100% except for rice. Destructive earthquakes occur several times a century. East of the Japanese archipelago are three oceanic trenches. [97] The Quasi-National Parks have slightly less beauty, size, diversity, or preservation. The Japanese archipelago is over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) long in a north-to-southwardly direction from the Sea of Okhotsk to the Philippine Sea in the Pacific Ocean. 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