Evergreen ferns add year-round dramatic, sweeping textures and contrasting colors to your landscape. Can adapt to many different soil conditions, moist to dry. How realistic is ‘The Queen’s Gambit’? Chilean hard fern. Licorice Fern is the soft, green fern that you see in the woods on logs and stumps and on mossy tree trunks (especially big leaf maples), that looks kind-of-like-but-not-quite-like a small version of Sword Fern. So moist is best but not essential for this lovely fern. Evergreen fern. If ferns didn’t grow wild in our woods, and if their botanical names weren’t so impenetrable, they’d be as popular as hostas, as treasured as peonies. Protection from our wetter weather is a must. How to spot COVID-19 risks when dining outdoors this winter. Sword ferns (Polystichum munitum) are considered the king of ferns for their stately looks. True, the majority are shade and moisture lovers and are thought of as a backbone of the shade garden and rightly so. Morphology: This evergreen groundcover fern grows to a height of 4’ with an eventual spread of 7’. Phone: 503.788.9000 It spreads slowly into a sturdy ground cover and looks great paired with chartreuse or blue-toned foliages. Maintenance: Dead fronds should be left attached to the plant through the winter and then removed, if desired, in February, just prior to the appearance of new growth. Coronavirus daily news updates, Dec. 1: What to know today about COVID-19 in the Seattle area, Washington state and the world, WA Notify system goes live with COVID exposure notifications for iPhone and Android users in Washington state. IS THERE a more useful plant than evergreen ferns? Plant Name: Polystichum munitum. When the seasons start to change, evergreen ferns can be your constant that will continue to look good throughout fall and winter. a bundle of mixed autumn colored foliage + PNW winter greens such as magnolia, olive, juniper, cedar, noble, nandina, etc. It is a … For a more complete list, see our Northwest Native Plant List. Spores spread around garden for new plants. Shade or sun or something in-between, it is a statuesque, commanding presence. Happy in damp shade but also in dry shade once established. They are among the most beautiful of ferns. This fern works brilliantly with other ferns, hostas and bergenias. It is a beautiful, almost prehistoric looking plant, commanding a real space in the garden. As thousands of athletes get coronavirus tests, nurses wonder: What about us? Ostrich ferns are easily grown in average, medium to wet soil in part shade to full shade. Now, when the garden is still leafless, it’s all about evergreen ferns, and plenty of them thrive here in the Northwest. Red Flowering Currant, Ribes Sanguieum. Most can take more sun than their woodland relations, and all require excellent drainage. Characteristics: Woodland ferns in the Pacific Northwest are both easily recognized as shade-tolerant, forest-dwelling species. Others, like Asplenium trichomanes: Spleenwort and Cryptogramma crispa: Parsley Fern have tiny fronds that are by contrast quite leathery in texture. Ferns come in an amazing range of texture, color, sizes and and shapes. This group of evergreen ferns includes our native Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum. Lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina), deciduous fern to 5 ft, prefers moist areas in part shade, finely divided light green foliage. If the plant has been severely damaged, then you will certainly want to cut it entirely back. As with other perennials, the best time to plant is during the spring and fall when the rain is plentiful. Its scientific name is Dryopteris and is most commonly found in the temperate regions of North America, such as the wet, wooded, shady forests of the Pacific Northwest, parts … Granstrom Evergreens is a wholesale and retail supplier of fresh Christmas evergreen wreaths, swags and garlands from the Pacific Northwest. Mostly found in dry open areas. With our wet climate, ferns are relatively easy to grow and maintain, making them an ideal plant for the Pacific Northwest. As small as a few inches tall to a towering six feet, there is a native fern for all occasions and settings! This dainty specimen has fronds that grow only 10-12 inches long, thriving in moist, mossy settings, especially happy on mossy tree trunks, stumps and branches. Shade Plant Recommendations for the Pacific Northwest. Deciduous ferns: March - October. Some varieties, like Cheilanthes gracillima: Lace Fern and Aspidotis densa: Indian Dream Fern have soft, lacy fronds. It is smaller (20-60cm) with overlapping, somewhat infolded leaflets and only scarcely scaly stipes (petioles). Our natives Polystichum munitum (Sword Fern) and Dryopteris filix–mas (Male Fern) do great in woodland settings. On my strolls over the years I have noticed that there are two ferns that remain evergreen in our woods during the winter. Giant Chain Fern, Woodwardia fimbriata, is a Pacific Northwest native that gets 4-5′ tall.It has a soft-looking texture and an airy habit that’s lovely next to evergreen shrubs.While these look great massed, the mature size of 5 feet makes it an excellent focal point in a … 9000 SE Division, Portland, OR 97266. Slugs are munching on the tiny iris that are just starting to bloom, and camellia blossoms brown out with every freeze. Deer fern is native to moist coniferous forests in the US Pacific Northwest and Europe. Where I grew up in Lake Forest Park, north of Seattle, sword ferns grew everywhere, along the sides of creeks, in the woods and fields. Southern Shield Fern even tolerates full sun throughout the range of U.S. zones (check each plant's Description tab for details). ... One of the largest species of ferns in the pacific northwest. They look best if the fronds are cut back in late winter to reveal the intricate fiddle heads emerging, but it not absolutely necessary that you do this. Yearly Events | Sword fern is a tough and adaptable evergreen, cold hardy to USDA Zone 3. They dislike hot summers thus are most at home along coastal regions of the Pacific northwest or Atlantic Canada. 5050 SE Stark, Portland, OR 97215, Portland Nursery on Division A lacy, expansive fern from 3-6 feet, it is a beautiful and graceful addition to the garden, but place it in a mostly shady, moist to wet area. Looks best planted in groups or drifts in the woodland or rhodie garden. He calls this Victorian beauty “a must-have for every Northwest garden.” Its fronds are fluffy and delicate-looking, covered in fine silver hairs. Photo credit: Gary A. Monroe. ... Evergreen ferns add texture, height, and dark green tones to the garden, 365 days a year. We tend to overlook our native ferns, despite the fact that Western sword ferns, particularly, are revered in England for their resilience and strong, architectural lines. It should be possible to subdivide plants by carefully severing a piece of the underground stem and firming the remainder back into its spot. Part sun/full shade. They grow about 2½ feet tall and tolerate full shade in summer. It’s amazing how much time you can spend outdoors and still know so little about nature. My favorite is autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) for its russet coloring in springtime and because it grows only about 2 feet tall. Ferns Division Pteridophyta Ferns date back to the beginning of the Carboniferous period (360 million years ago) and are relatively abundant in the fossil record. Facts: Native Ferns. The native wild form of this easy and very useful evergreen fern. Other Polystichum sp., native to the Pacific Northwest: Narrowleaf Sword Fern, P. imbricans is similar to Western Sword Fern and once was classified as a variety of P. munitum. Sign up today! Steffen is busy writing a guide to our ferns, but he took time to enthuse about a few he wouldn’t garden without. 2’-3’. Ferns are a shade-garden staple. A Guide to Ferns of the Pacific Northwest. Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum. Plants (63) Product (3) Facing. Part-shade with moist yet well-drained limey soil seems to suit them best. Our evergreen products are made of noble fir, cedar and juniper. The largest and most statuesque of our native ferns, the leathery, arching fronds growing 4-6 feet in length! It has shiny green fronds that arch up into a big vase shape nearly 3 feet tall. Sword fern is an especially great pick because its arching, deep green fronds add fantastic texture to a low-maintenance garden. They can be found in nearly every area of our region, and so there are many appropriate for nearly every garden condition, even sunny rock gardens! Characteristics: Woodland ferns in the Pacific Northwest are both easily recognized as shade-tolerant, forest-dwelling species. MIXED EVERGREEN WREATHS, SWAGS AND GARLANDS. Deciduous and a must-have for the shade garden. Very adaptable garden specimen, to drier shade than expected, since in the wild it can be found in the spray zone of waterfalls on mossy rock outcroppings. I know a fern when I see one, and that’s about it. Sturdy evergreen fronds that eventually form a clump 3-4’ tall and wide, forming sturdy, upright majestic clumps of fronds. Though not common, these natives are worth the effort if you are fond of ferns! Sword fern (Polystichum munitum), statuesque evergreen fern to 5 ft, new foliage in March. The majestic Sword Fern is one of first images that come to mind when someone says “Northwest native plant.” Anyone who has stepped out on one of our forest trails or visited a wooded park will immediately recognize it. There are a few native ferns that make their homes in rocky, typically "un-fern-like" surroundings, mostly in drier, sub-alpine climate. Western sword fern (Polystichum munitum) is a large evergreen fern that can be found in most woodland areas. Now, when the garden is still leafless, it’s all about evergreen ferns, and plenty of them thrive here in the Northwest. Typically a shady woodland plant, it can live happily in nearly full sun if given enough water. Home | We offer a great selection of Northwest Natives from spring through fall. Check out her blog at www.valeaston.com. It was bred in a lab at Leeds University in the United Kingdom from parents both vigorous and super hardy. But, if these needs can be met, the Lady Fern is one of the most lovely to grace the garden. Attractive relatives such as the soft shield fern (Polystichum setiferum) and Korean rock fern (Polystichum tsus-simense) do equally well in the Pacific Northwest. They are shiny and dark.. Each flower is composed of a deeply five-parted urn shaped and are pink to white. Family: Polypodiaceae. Ferns may be evergreen or deciduous and once established, they are easy to care for and provide a … Lacy maidenhair ferns and silvery painted ferns are summer delicacies. Chilean hard ferns shield the base of this tree, growing several feet in the air. Most ferns -- the deer fern and the western sword fern are exceptions -- require a steady supply of moisture and good drainage. Blechnum spicant: Deer Fern This evergreen fern, with its deeply-dissected fronds and persisting dark/bright green color, … Digging ferns in the wild, either for whole plants or to make divisions of clumps, must be done sparingly and with good judgment. The Pacific Northwest is home to about forty species of ferns. Providing enough light mixed with rich organic soil and moisture produces a beautiful hardy fern. They are effective in mass plantings, as borders, and as accent plants.Our ferns thrive in partialn and full shade. Search for "evergreen ferns" By type. Netflix series stuns a Seattle chess enthusiast, Are bubbles safe? Pacific Northwest Native Plant Profile: Deer Fern (Blechnum spicant) Posted on December 5, 2016 by eileen stark Since winter is well on its way, this seems like a good time to give a nod to a distinctive evergreen fern that brings elegance and function to moist, west coast coniferous forests, as well as shady gardens. These evergreen ferns have stiff, leathery fronds that are narrow and lance-shaped with overlapping pinnae. In a sunny rock garden, the miniature ferns that can be found in those conditions can make a sweet, unexpected focal point. The plants featured are highlighted favorites, but they do not represent ALL of the plants we carry. Evergreen ferns can stay as they are and deciduous ferns such as Dryopteris are considered self-cleaning, which means the fronds fall off and disintegrate when they are spent. Notes: Transplants well, easy to establish. No wonder these most familiar of ferns don’t get the respect they deserve. In the wild, it grows on trees, particularly Sitka spruces, but it does just fine growing in the ground. This evergreen is beautiful shades of green leaves. This evergreen groundcover will blanket the ground in rich, dark green leaves year-round, providing a solid contrast to the starkness of the winter season. Over time single plants … And they have sex lives so varied and complex that entire books have been written about how they reproduce. Common Trees, Shrubs and Ferns of PNW Forests Trees (woody, typical height > 2m) Conifers • Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) • western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) • western redcedar (Thuja plicata) Angiosperms • bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) • vine maple (Acer circinatum) • red alder (Alnus rubra) • black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) The shield fern, also known as wood fern or buckler fern, depending on what part of the in where it is found. They’re the stalwarts of the winter garden. Small and tufted, these ferns that nestle in crevices in and among rocks grow only about 4-6" in height. Yet the plant is tough, fully evergreen and drought tolerant. ). Steffen considers Dyce’s holly fern (Polystichum x dycei) to be one of the very best recent introductions. Its two types of fronds are very distinct. Photo: Jason Jorgensen. Grows better on alkaline to neutral soils. references Pacific Northwest Native Wildlife Gardening: To Cut or Not to Cut-Keeping Your Sword Fern Healthy Columbines and impatiens will add color pops to the shade garden as well. It’s so easy to think that nothing is living or growing under the snow, but all you need is a January thaw and a stroll in the woods to see that there are plants that have not given in to the onslaught of cold and snow. Provides winter protection for birds. The Pacific Northwest is fern country. Ferns. Perhaps the most elegant of the native woodland ferns, with wire-thin dark brown to purplish-black stems rising 12-18” tall, topped with a flattened “palm” of delicate fronds. Blechnum chilense, Zones 7–9) is a rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the garden. Propagation: Division of clumps or of rhizome is easier is the easiest and quickest way to get mature pants. It forms an arching mound of “erect leaves forming a crown from a stout, woody, scaly rhizome.” [Rhizome is the botanical name for an underground stem. Sun to shade. We frequently use Polystichum … Evergreen ferns for the Pacific Northwest: The Oregonian East (49) North (45) South (19) West (49) How much sun. Perhaps the most distinctive of our native woodlanders, with its basal clump of spreading fronds and an upward growing clump of fertile fronds, the new growth with reddish mid ribs contrasting with the light green blades of the fronds. Lacy maidenhair ferns and silvery painted ferns are summer delicacies. No kidding, it needs plenty of water. The Pacific NW is fabulous fern country, and almost all our ferns do well in varying amounts shade, with several species tolerating a considerable amount of drought. Evergreen ferns: Year-round. Description As one of the most prevalent Northwest native plants, Sword Fern is best known for its bright green arching fronds that grace the shaded forest floor from the Yukon all the way south into southern California. The Pacific Northwest provides a great growing environment for ferns. The longer you garden, the more you appreciate how ferns carry the garden through winter, then in spring and summer form the perfect textural green backdrop for bulbs and perennials. “I love a fern that has more letters in its name than the alphabet,” says Steffen of the plumose soft shield fern (Polystichum setiferum Plumosomultilobum Group). They are, however, diminutive and charming and can make ideal rock garden or container plants. Evergreen or deciduous, they are virtually disease and pest-free, and can provide a range of textures and heights and help create an elegant shade garden collage. Phone: 503.231.5050 Give it water and space and you will have a real specimen fern. This isn’t a fern you’ll find growing underfoot next time you’re out hiking. For a more expert opinion, I turned to Richie Steffen of the Elisabeth C. Miller Garden, which is a trove of fern species. Strap shaped, long undivided fronds giving the plant it's common name Hart's (deer) Tongue fern. Rebeeca Sams and Buell Steelman of the design-build firm Mosaic Gardens (located in the Pacific Northwest) favor compact plants with a meadowy texture and colors that blend well with others in order to create natural-looking gardens that don’t overwhelm smaller suburban lots. In the Pacific Northwest they look their best in rich alluvial floodplains west of the Cascades where the soil stays evenly moist all during the growing season. Ht. And although this tough native is also incredibly garden worthy, it is by no means the only one suitable for the garden! Leather polypody (Polypodlum scouleri) is a compact, evergreen version of the licorice fern. The fronds are also brittle, so place it in an area that is rarely disturbed. But ferns spread their fronds luxuriantly toward the wintry sky, holding their architectural shape through freezes and snowfall. Classes | Portland Nursery on Stark The sterile fronds (pictured above) are 8 to 20″ long, evergreen, and prostrate, while the fountain-like fertile fronds, which emerge in the spring, are 16 to … Thanks to a cool, moist climate, magnificent stands of sword fern (Polystichum munitum) grow in great sweeps on forest floors and form delicate tufts of green lace on rocky cliffs.In cities, wind-driven fern spores land and take root on bits of debris caught along downspouts, making feathery little clumps that march up the sides of old brick buildings. by dandurston October 28, 2016 June 12, 2020 Leave a Comment on A Guide to Ferns of the Pacific Northwest. Locations | Evergreen ferns do best if the older fronds are trimmed off in late winter or early spring, just before the new fronds emerge. They’re the unusual plant that is easy for beginners to grow yet fancied by the most experienced gardeners. We regularly pulled them up to throw them, pointed ends first, toward our playmates. Vigorous when its needs are met, languishes in dry conditions. And it's evergreen, so you can enjoy its rich color all year long. Chilean hard fern (Parablechnum cordatum syn. Evergreen ferns do not always need to be cut to the ground; this is a matter or preference generally. Growing Conditions: Fertile, rich, well-drained soil; deep or partial shade It does better in shady situations where its fronds will not burn. Handy Brochures. Each frond is pinnately compound, and lance-shaped. greens can be used for tablescapes, vase arrangements, diy wreaths, etc. But since our ferns have such diverse habitat preferences, it is best that they be dealt with one at a time. Light shade (51) Shade (26) Sun (17) + Show more filters Special conditions. This and other quotations are from Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast, by Pojar & MacKinnon.] Valerie Easton is a Seattle freelance writer. Your subscription gives you an instant 25% off your entire pottery purchase! Beautiful red flowers in early spring. But since our ferns have such diverse habitat preferences, it is best that they be dealt with one at a time. This South American native does just as well in the northern hemisphere. Interestingly the upright, fertile fronds are deciduous; the basal clump of sterile fronds, evergreen. 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