There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. It is more common in children than adults and is highly contagious. Bacterial infections. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. As its name suggests, the … Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. Hepatitis A (Hep A) CDC FAQ's More … 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Ear Infections. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. More serious symptoms include bloody diarrhea, fever and long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting. 2. Fungi. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Gastrointestinal infection is quite common and isn't usually serious. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. ", American Family Physician: "Common Bacterial Skin Infections", American Society for Microbiology - Microbe World: "Bacteria. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Foodborne Illnesses. A doctor may use the presence of other symptoms (such as fever or body aches), the length of the illness, and certain lab tests to determine if an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or some other pathogen or disease process. Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Antibiotics are the usual treatment. Unlike bacterial infections, viral diseases don’t respond to antibiotics. Bacterial Infections. Children and adults of any age can develop a bacterial infection. The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. ", NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. This bacterial infection is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis which infects the eye through body contact or secretion. 69. Bacterial Disease # 1. Pertussis 6. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. It's important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. All conditions Anthrax Prophylaxis Cholera Prophylaxis Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis Plague Prophylaxis Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis Tetanus Prophylaxis Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis Typhoid Prophylaxis. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. Diphtheria 3. 4th Edition. For example, plants need bacteria in the soil in order to grow. Some examples of viral infections include: influenza ( the flu) common cold. 2008: "Respiratory Tract Infections -- Antibiotic Prescribing. Common STDs caused by bacterial infections include: Harmful bacteria can affect almost any area of the body. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. This is a list of the largest known epidemics (including pandemics) caused by an infectious disease.Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included.. An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Jul. 11. Otherwise, they can't survive. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. You can experience generalized symptoms, such as fevers, chills, and fatigue as a result of a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. Here is a list of airborne infectious diseases that you should know about: Influenza Typically, influenza goes away without any medical intervention, but in certain situations, it can progress to cause potentially life-threatening complications, such as viral pneumonia and secondary bacterial … Syphilis 10. All rights reserved. Urinary tract infections; Inappropriate use of antibiotics has helped create bacterial diseases that are resistant to treatment with different types of antibiotic medications. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Beneficial bacteria live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract and play an important role in digestion and immunity. Gonococcal Infection (Gonorrhea) CDC FAQ's Data. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. This type of illness is usually called gastrointestinal infection. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Other types of bacterial infections include the following: Antibiotics are medications that fight bacterial infections. Bacteria can survive in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste. A nonillion is a … Diphtheria 3. Viruses. The bacteria come from soil, manure or dusts that enter through an open wound. Serious bacterial infection anywhere in the body can potentially spread to the bloodstream -- a condition known as septicemia -- and infect other body tissues. Bacteria are larger than viruses and are capable of reproducing on their own. ", )Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. norovirus. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. 10. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Bacteria can infect any area of the body, including the skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain, and more. Parasites. They reproduce quickly in your body. Bacteria may also be classified as gram-positive or gram-negative. Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. Salmonellosis. Granuloma inguinale CDC. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, also known as prokaryotes. Plague 8. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. ", The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: "Probiotics for Treating Acute Infectious Diarrhea. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Instead, treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms and supporting … Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. In most cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, and abdominal pain are common symptoms of food poisoning. Understand the symptoms, causes and treatments of various infections like MRSA, staph and urinary tract infections. infectious mononucleosis ( mono) herpes simplex virus (HSV) human papillomavirus (HPV) They may also reduce the risk of developing diarrheal illness due to antibiotic use. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Viruses. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial growth. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Threat Report 2013. Gram staining, bacterial culture with antibiotic sensitivity determination, and other tests like genetic analysis are used to identify bacterial strains and help determine the appropriate course of treatment. polio. Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and cannot reproduce on their own. Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. Bacteria. Viral hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever,… 3. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. 2002. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections are potentially very dangerous and increase the risk of death. Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. Failure to do so could make a bacterial infection worse. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. Unknown Source 1 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Unknown Source 2 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Deli Meats – Listeria Infections Announced October 2020 Pet Bearded Dragons – Salmonella Infections Announced October 2020 Wood Ear Mushrooms – Salmonella Infections Announced September 2020 Pet Hedgehogs – Salmonella Infections Announced … / List of Common Infectious Diseases Bacterial, fungal, parasitic, prion, and viral infectious diseases are listed, and hereby discussed briefly, in this article. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Cystitis. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, gas and sometimes vomiting. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Drafted herein is an article that lists the most common infectious diseases. Ongoing research seeks to determine the types and dosages of bacteria that are most beneficial to human health. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Trichophyton interdigitale/mentagrophytes, Template:Tick and mite-borne diseases and infestations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_infectious_diseases&oldid=985288538, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious, (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD). Meningitis. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. The Black Plague The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. This will cause tingling of muscles and even leads to lock-jaw and patients can soon die of suffocation if not promptly treated. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. There are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Meningitis. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. Most people know it's smart to eat yogurt after completing a course of antibiotics to repopulate the GI tract with helpful bacteria that were wiped out from the antibiotics. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics has led to a rise in antibiotic resistance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them. chickenpox. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer sensitive to a medication that should eliminate an infection. ". Bacteria can infect any area of the body. Septicemia is life-threatening and may lead to shock, coma, organ failure and death. measles. Action Bioscience: "Bacteria - More Than Pathogens. Common bloodborne diseases include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). But infectious bacteria can make you ill. Infectious disease, in medicine, a process caused by an agent, often a type of microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. Sometimes the symptoms of the two can be very similar. Bacteria that cause food poisoning include: Many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by harmful bacteria. © 2005-2020 WebMD, LLC. Cholera 4. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 03:04. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. The Black Plague Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. Probiotics seem to reduce gas, bloating, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Most deaths due to antibiotic resistant infections occur in hospitalized patients and those who are in nursing homes. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. When the ba… Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as people, plants or animals — to multiply. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick cell wall while gram-negative bacteria do not. ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. 11. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:"Get Smart - Know When Antibiotics Work, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Salmonella. Trachoma. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. Cholera 4. The CDC estimates 14,000 deaths alone are due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections that occur because of antibiotic suppression of other bacteria allow C. difficile to proliferate. Gonorrhoea 9. rubella. An infectious … Common bacterial causes include meningococcus, pneumococcus and streptococcus. Drug Name. ", Office on Women’s Health: "Urinary Tract Infection Fact Sheet. A bacterial infection can also spread throughout the blood, causing a condition described as sepsis. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) CDC More. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including … They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. 4. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Tetanus 7. Instead, viruses reproduce by infecting a host and using the host's DNA repair and replication systems to make copies of itself. ", WebMD: "Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection? Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. Meningitis. Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. List of infectious diseases in humans. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Cystitis. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. Sometimes, these infections aren't associated with any symptoms but can still cause serious damage to the reproductive system. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. 10. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Leprosy 5. Some studies have shown probiotics can shorten the duration of infectious diarrhea. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. In many cases, infectious disease can be spread from person to person, either directly (e.g., via skin contact) or indirectly (e.g., via contaminated food or water). The bad bacteria cause diseases while good bacteria destroy bad bacteria and prevent diseases. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. List of infectious diseases. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) CDC. Common bacterial infections of the skin and deep tissue, which are often caused by Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, include: Impetigo, which affects the top layer of skin (the epidermis). Common bacterial skin infections include: Bacterial skin infections are treated with oral or topical antibiotics depending on the strain causing the infection. About 2 million people in the U.S. suffer from antibiotic resistant infections each year and 23,000 die due to the condition. Haemophilus Influenza disease, Type B (Hib or H-flu) CDC Data. 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